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(Gangdise – Nyenchen Tanglha range,
Hedin Mountains)
Nam Tso Chukmo.jpg
Part of the Nyenchen Tanglha range in the Trans himalayas
Highest point
PeakMount Nyenchen Tanglha
Elevation7,162 m (23,497 ft)
Length1,600 km (990 mi)
Range coordinates30°23′00″N 90°34′31″E / 30.383427°N 90.5752890°E / 30.383427; 90.5752890Coordinates: 30°23′00″N 90°34′31″E / 30.383427°N 90.5752890°E / 30.383427; 90.5752890
Parent rangeAlpine orogeny, Tibetan Plateau (perimeter range)

The Transhimalaya (also spelled Trans-Himalaya), or "Gangdise – Nyenchen Tanglha range", is a 1,600-kilometre-long (990 mi) mountain range in China, extending in a west–east direction parallel to the main Himalayan range. Located north of Yarlung Tsangpo river on the southern edge of the Tibetan Plateau, the Transhimalaya is composed of the Gangdise range to the west and the Nyenchen Tanglha range to the east.

The name Trans-Himalaya was introduced by the Swedish geographer Sven Hedin in early 20th century.[1] The Trans-Himalaya was described by the Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer in 1952 as an "ill-defined mountain area" with "no marked crest line or central alignment and no division by rivers." On more-modern maps the Kailas Range (Gangdise or Kang-to-sé Shan) in the west is shown as distinct from the Nyenchen Tanglha range in the east.[2]


See also[edit]




  • Allen, Charles (2013-01-17). A Mountain in Tibet: The Search for Mount Kailas and the Sources of the Great Rivers of Asia. Little, Brown Book Group. ISBN 978-1-4055-2497-1. Retrieved 2015-02-07.