Transitional Justice Commission
Cùjìn Zhuǎnxíng Zhèngyì Wěiyuánhuì
|Formed||31 May 2018|
|Jurisdiction||Republic of China|
The Transitional Justice Commission (TJC; Chinese: 促進轉型正義委員會; pinyin: Cùjìn Zhuǎnxíng Zhèngyì Wěiyuánhuì) is an independent government agency of the Republic of China, established by the Executive Yuan on 31 May 2018. The commission is responsible for the investigation of actions taken by the Kuomintang between 15 August 1945 and 6 November 1992.
The Act on Promoting Transitional Justice (促進轉型正義條例) was passed by the Legislative Yuan on 5 December 2017. The act sought to rectify injustices committed by the authoritarian Kuomintang government of the Republic of China on Taiwan. The act permitted the Transitional Justice Commission to be established and investigate actions taken from 15 August 1945, the date of the Jewel Voice Broadcast, to 6 November 1992, when president Lee Teng-hui lifted the Temporary Provisions against the Communist Rebellion for Fujian Province, Republic of China, ending the period of mobilization. The committee's main aims include: making political archives more readily available, removing authoritarian symbols, redressing judicial injustice, and producing a report on the history of the period which delineate steps to further promote transitional justice. Committee chairman Huang Huang-hsiung was first to be named. Discussions regarding membership continued throughout March 2018, and five other members were nominated by 31 March: Chang Tien-chin, Hua Yih-fen, Hsu Hsueh-chi, Eleng Tjaljimaraw, and Greg Yo. Peng Jen-yu, Yang Tsui, and Yeh Hung-ling were selected on 7 April. All nine candidates were confirmed on 8 May 2018, though both the Kuomintang and People First Party legislative caucuses abstained from voting. The committee began operations on 31 May 2018. Vice chairman Chang Tien-chin resigned from the commission on 12 September 2018. Huang Huang-hsiung resigned the chairmanship on 6 October 2018. Yang Tsui was subsequently appointed acting chairperson.
Eastern Depot audio recording scandal
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Vice chairperson Chang Tien-chin recruited the commission's researchers to hold internal meetings. When they discussed the ″descaling article″ in the meeting, Chang suddenly named Hou You-yi. He asked other researchers to work overtime to find cases similar in foreign countries, trying to make Hou be the worst example of transformational justice. They attempted to use national instruments and join the eight DPP's legislators to persecute the candidates of another party. In addition, Chang and the researcher Xiao Jinan boasted that they transfer the Transitional Justice Commission from the west depot to Eastern Depot (a Ming dynasty spy and secret police agency, this organization always used public authority to persecute loyal persons) in a meeting. Associate researcher Wu Pei-rong transcribed the tape at the meeting and exposed it later.
The news stunned the public, many criticizing Chang for trying to use public authority to persecute candidates of other parties. On September 12, Chang resigned, followed by Wu Pei-rong and Xiao Jinan shortly thereafter. Commission chair Huang Huang-hsiung apologized to the public.
Democratic Progressive Party Independent/unknown
|No.||Name||Term of Office||Days||Political Party||Premier|
|1||Huang Huang-hsiung (黃煌雄)||31 May 2018||6 October 2018||128||Democratic Progressive Party||William Lai|
|—||Yang Tsui (楊翠)||16 October 2018||Incumbent||115||William Lai|
Su Tseng-chang II
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