Transitional Justice Commission

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Transitional Justice Commission
促進轉型正義委員會
Cùjìn Zhuǎnxíng Zhèngyì Wěiyuánhuì
Transitional Justice Commission Logo.png
Agency overview
Formed31 May 2018
JurisdictionRepublic of China
HeadquartersDa'an, Taipei
Agency executives
  • Yang Tsui, Acting Chairperson
  • Vacant, Vice Chairperson
Websitewww.tjc.gov.tw

The Transitional Justice Commission (TJC; Chinese: 促進轉型正義委員會; pinyin: Cùjìn Zhuǎnxíng Zhèngyì Wěiyuánhuì) is an independent government agency of the Republic of China, established by the Executive Yuan on 31 May 2018. The commission is responsible for the investigation of actions taken by the Kuomintang between 15 August 1945 and 6 November 1992.

History[edit]

The Act on Promoting Transitional Justice (促進轉型正義條例) was passed by the Legislative Yuan on 5 December 2017. The act sought to rectify injustices committed by the authoritarian Kuomintang government of the Republic of China on Taiwan. The act permitted the Transitional Justice Commission to be established and investigate actions taken from 15 August 1945, the date of the Jewel Voice Broadcast, to 6 November 1992, when president Lee Teng-hui lifted the Temporary Provisions against the Communist Rebellion for Fujian Province, Republic of China, ending the period of mobilization.[1][2] The committee's main aims include: making political archives more readily available, removing authoritarian symbols, redressing judicial injustice, and producing a report on the history of the period which delineate steps to further promote transitional justice.[3] Committee chairman Huang Huang-hsiung was first to be named.[4] Discussions regarding membership continued throughout March 2018,[5] and five other members were nominated by 31 March: Chang Tien-chin, Hua Yih-fen, Hsu Hsueh-chi, Eleng Tjaljimaraw, and Greg Yo.[6][7] Peng Jen-yu, Yang Tsui, and Yeh Hung-ling were selected on 7 April.[8] All nine candidates were confirmed on 8 May 2018, though both the Kuomintang and People First Party legislative caucuses abstained from voting.[9][10] The committee began operations on 31 May 2018.[11] Vice chairman Chang Tien-chin resigned from the commission on 12 September 2018.[12][13] Huang Huang-hsiung resigned the chairmanship on 6 October 2018.[14][15] Yang Tsui [zh] was subsequently appointed acting chairperson.[16]

Eastern Depot audio recording scandal[edit]

Vice chairperson Chang Tien-chin recruited the commission's researchers to hold internal meetings. When they discussed the ″descaling article″ in the meeting, Chang suddenly named Hou You-yi. He asked other researchers to work overtime to find cases similar in foreign countries, trying to make Hou be the worst example of transformational justice. They attempted to use national instruments and join the eight DPP's legislators to persecute the candidates of another party. In addition, Chang and the researcher Xiao Jinan boasted that they transfer the Transitional Justice Commission from the west depot to Eastern Depot (a Ming dynasty spy and secret police agency, this organization always used public authority to persecute loyal persons) in a meeting. Associate researcher Wu Pei-rong transcribed the tape at the meeting and exposed it later.[17]

The news stunned the public, many criticizing Chang for trying to use public authority to persecute candidates of other parties.[18] On September 12, Chang resigned, followed by Wu Pei-rong and Xiao Jinan shortly thereafter. Commission chair Huang Huang-hsiung apologized to the public.[19]

Chairpersons[edit]

  Democratic Progressive Party   Independent/unknown

No. Name Term of Office Days Political Party Premier
1 Huang Huang-hsiung (黃煌雄) 31 May 2018 6 October 2018 128 Democratic Progressive Party William Lai
Yang Tsui (楊翠) 16 October 2018 Incumbent 115 William Lai
Su Tseng-chang II

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lin, Sean (6 December 2017). "Lawmakers pass transitional justice act". Taipei Times. Retrieved 1 June 2018.
  2. ^ "Legislature passes bill promoting transitional justice". Taiwan Today. 7 December 2017. Retrieved 1 June 2018.
  3. ^ Shih, Hsiu-chuan (27 March 2018). "Veteran democracy advocate to lead transitional justice work". Central News Agency. Retrieved 1 June 2018.
  4. ^ Peng, Wan-hsin; Chin, Jonathan (28 March 2018). "Transitional justice group head picked". Taipei Times. Retrieved 1 June 2018.
  5. ^ Lee, Hsin-fang; Hsiao, Sherry (26 March 2018). "Faculty tipped for justice committee". Taipei Times. Retrieved 1 June 2018.
  6. ^ Hou, Elaine; Low, Y.F. (31 March 2018). "Taiwan's Cabinet announces nominees to transitional justice committee". Central News Agency. Retrieved 1 June 2018.
  7. ^ Hsu, Stacy (1 April 2018). "Six justice committee members named". Taipei Times. Retrieved 1 June 2018.
  8. ^ Lin, Hsing-meng; Low, Y.F. (7 April 2018). "Remaining 3 nominees to transitional justice committee named". Central News Agency. Retrieved 1 June 2018.
  9. ^ Chen, Chun-hua; Fan, Cheng-hsiang; Ku, Chuan; Shih, Hsiu-chuan; Kao, Evelyn (8 May 2018). "Legislature approves nominees to transitional justice committee". Central News Agency. Retrieved 1 June 2018.
  10. ^ Lin, Sean (9 May 2018). "All transitional justice panel nominees OK'd". Taipei Times. Retrieved 1 June 2018.
  11. ^ Yeh, Su-ping; Kao, Evelyn (31 May 2018). "Taiwan launches Transitional Justice Commission". Taiwan News. Central News Agency. Archived from the original on 31 May 2018. Retrieved 1 June 2018.
  12. ^ Huang, Sunrise; Lee, Shu-hua; Ku, Chuan; Kao, Evelyn (12 September 2018). "Transitional Justice Commission vice chairman resigns". Central News Agency. Retrieved 12 September 2018.
  13. ^ Hsu, Stacy (13 September 2018). "Deputy chairman resigns from Transitional Justice". Taipei Times. Retrieved 13 September 2018.
  14. ^ Hsu, Stacy (7 October 2018). "Transitional justice chairman resigns". Taipei Times. Retrieved 7 October 2018.
  15. ^ Hou, Elaine; Lee, Hsin-Yin (6 October 2018). "Taiwan's Transitional Justice Commission chairman resigns". Central News Agency. Retrieved 6 October 2018.
  16. ^ Lee, Hsin-fang; Wen, Yu-te; Hsiao, Sherry (2 November 2018). "Commission outlines options for statues". Taipei Times. Retrieved 17 November 2018.
  17. ^ 林思慧 (2018-09-11). "【促轉會淪選戰打手】打侯會議 談話重點還原" (in Chinese). 鏡周刊. Retrieved 2018-09-13. |archive-url= is malformed: path (help)
  18. ^ "藍委轟國際大醜聞 蔡英文總統的東廠叫促轉會" (in Chinese). 中评社. 2018-09-12. Archived from the original on 2018-09-13. Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  19. ^ 吳旻洲 (2018-09-12). "張天欽請辭促轉會副主委 主委黃煌雄鞠躬致歉" (in Chinese). 大紀元. Archived from the original on 2018-09-13. Retrieved 2018-09-13.