Transitional Military Council (2019)

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As of 8 June 2019, the Transitional Military Council (TMC) is the current military junta governing Sudan. It was established on 11 April 2019 after the 2019 Sudanese coup d'état, and is formally headed by Abdel Fattah al-Burhan, Inspector of the Armed Forces, after Ahmed Awad Ibn Auf resigned as leader one day following the coup.[1] Lieutenant General Mohamed Hamdan Dagalo ("Hemeti") is formally the deputy leader but seen as the de facto real leader.[2]


Dagalo, formally the deputy leader of the Council, is the commander of the Rapid Support Forces,[3] and as such, is seen by The Washington Post as holding more real power in the Council than al-Burhan.[2] The RSF is the immediate successor organisation to the Janjaweed militia.[3]

The Council's media spokesman is Major General Shams Ad-din Shanto.[4] Some of the Council's other known members were General Galaledin Alsheikh,[5] a former deputy director of security,[6] Lieutenant General Al-Tayeb Babakr Ali Fadeel, who led the public order police,[6] and Lieutenant General Omar Zain al-Abidin served as the leader of the junta's "political committee."[7] All three tendered their resignations on 24 April.[8] General Gamal Omar of the TMC commented publicly on the 30 June 2019 mass demonstrations, attributing the responsibility for ten deaths to the protest organisers.[9]

April/May negotiations with civil society[edit]

Major General Shanto, in a press conference on 14 April, stated that the Council was inviting the opposition and protestors to name a civilian government[4] (except for the Ministries of Defense and Interior)[citation needed] and a prime minister to lead it,[4] which the junta would then "implement".[4]

3 June 2019 Khartoum massacre and new negotiations[edit]

On 3 June 2019, the TMC's security forces, including the Rapid Support Forces (RSF) led by TMC deputy leader Hemeti, killed about 100 civilians and injured hundreds of others in the Khartoum massacre. The Sudanese Professionals Association (SPA) described the TMC leaders as being "deep to their knees in the blood of the innocent in Darfur, Nuba Mountains and Blue Nile, in addition to Khartoum and other cities and towns" and organised a 3-day general strike.[10]

On 12 June, the Forces of Freedom and Change (FFC) alliance prepared a list of eight civilian members for a 15-member transitional governmental council to replace the TMC, including three women, in addition to Abdalla Hamdok (or Abdullah Hamdouk),[11] who was Executive Secretary of the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa starting in November 2016,[12] as prime minister.[11]

On 5 July 2019, the TMC and the FFC agreed on a Sudanese transition to democracy deal, including an 11-member sovereign council with five military members, five civilian members, and one civilian chosen by consensus; a civilian cabinet; a legislative council; an investigation into the Khartoum massacre and related events; and a legal team to formalise the plan. The new sovereign council would be led by a military person for 21 months and a civilian for 18 months.[13] On 7 July, al-Burhan, head of the TMC, stated on television that in the context of the transition deal, the TMC would be dissolved.[14]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Sudan's Ibn Auf steps down as head of military council". Al Jazeera. Retrieved 15 April 2019.
  2. ^ a b Tharoor, Ishaan (18 June 2019). "The Warlord wrecking Sudan's revolution". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on 22 June 2019. Retrieved 22 June 2019.
  3. ^ a b "Sudan coup: Military leader vows to 'uproot regime'". BBC News. 13 April 2019. Retrieved 14 April 2019.
  4. ^ a b c d "Sudan crisis: Military council arrests former government members". BBC News. 14 April 2019. Retrieved 15 April 2019.
  5. ^ Prime Minister of Ethiopia (15 April 2019). "Office of the Prime Minister-Ethiopia". Facebook. Retrieved 16 April 2019.
  6. ^ a b
  7. ^ "Sudan coup: Military warns against disturbances". BBC News. 12 April 2019. Retrieved 13 April 2019.
  8. ^
  9. ^ "Sudan protests: Death toll reaches 10 after anti-military rallies". Al Jazeera English. 1 July 2019. Archived from the original on 1 July 2019. Retrieved 1 July 2019.
  10. ^ "Complete civil disobedience, and open political strike, to avoid chaos". Sudanese Professionals Association. 4 June 2019. Archived from the original on 8 June 2019. Retrieved 7 June 2019.
  11. ^ a b Abdelaziz, Khalid (12 June 2019). "Sudan opposition says to nominate members for transitional council". Thomson Reuters. Archived from the original on 16 June 2019. Retrieved 16 June 2019.
  12. ^ "Abdalla Hamdok appointed Acting Executive Secretary of the Economic Commission for Africa". United Nations Economic Commission for Africa. 31 October 2016. Archived from the original on 16 June 2019. Retrieved 16 June 2019.
  13. ^ "'Our revolution won': Sudan's opposition lauds deal with military". Al Jazeera English. 5 July 2019. Archived from the original on 5 July 2019. Retrieved 5 July 2019.
  14. ^ "Sudan's military council to be dissolved in transition deal". WTOP-FM. AP. 8 July 2019. Archived from the original on 8 July 2019. Retrieved 8 July 2019.