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The relationship between the early period of Islamic mathematics and the mathematics of Greece and India is not fully understood as much work is extant only in Latin translations or has not survived.
The Sabian, Thabit ibn Qurrah (836–901), translated Nicomachus of Gerasa's Arithmetic and, under the patronage of the Banu Musa brothers, translated and revised the works of the major Greek mathematicians.
- "mathematics" Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online Library Edition. Encyclopædia Britannica, 2011. Web. 14 Mar. 2011
- Greek Sources in Arabic and Islamic Philosophy in Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy
- How Greek Science Passed to the Arabs, in which the Barmakids play a considerable role. They also translated Indian mathematics books of Aryabhata and Brahmagupta. Arabs were mostly responsible for spreading of Indian number system and arithmetic throughout the world.
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