|Sound pressure||p, SPL,LPA|
|Particle velocity||v, SVL|
|Sound intensity||I, SIL|
|Sound power||P, SWL, LWA|
|Sound energy density||w|
|Sound exposure||E, SEL|
|Speed of sound||c|
Transmission loss (TL) in general describes the accumulated decrease in intensity of a waveform energy as a wave propagates outwards from a source, or as it propagates through a certain area or through a certain type of structure.
Measurement of transmission loss can be in terms of decibels.
Mathematically, transmission loss is measured in dB scale and in general it can be defined using the following formula:
- TL = dB
- is the power of incident wave coming towards a defined area (or structure);
- is the power of transmitted wave going away from the defined area (or structure).
Transmission loss may refer to a more specific concept in one of the field below.
- Transmission Loss in electrical engineering describes the decrease of electrical power along an electrical cable. The term has its origins in telephony.
- Transmission Loss (duct acoustics) in duct acoustics describes the acoustic performances of a muffler like system.
- Transmission Loss in room acoustics describes the decrease of sound intensity that is reduced by a wall or other structure at a given frequency.
- Transmission Loss in underwater acoustics describes the decrease of sound intensity that is reduced by a bubble curtain or other damping structure at a given frequency. The same term is sometimes used to mean propagation loss, which is a measure of the reduction in sound intensity between the sound source and a receiver, defined as the difference between the source level and the sound pressure level at the receiver.
- ISO 18405:2017 Underwater acoustics - Terminology (International Organization for Standardization, Geneva, 2017)
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