Transpac (cable system)
TRANSPAC-1 (TPC-1) was laid by AT&T's cable ship C.S. Long Lines. and opened on June 19, 1964. It connected Hawaii, Midway Atoll, Wake Island, Guam, and Japan. A branch from Guam to the Philippines was completed in December 1964. This cable connected with HAW-1 to complete the telephone connection to the mainland United States. It had a capacity of 142 channels. TRANSPAC-1 was part of the network that supported the Apollo 11 moon landing mission in 1969.
Transpac 3 (TPC-3), which went into service April 18, 1989, increased capacity to 3780 channels. This was the first fiber-optic cable across the Pacific, and it replaced the two existing copper cables (Transpac 1 and Transpac2) as well as satellite circuits being used at the time. It was laid from Point Arena, California to Makaha, Hawaii, from which it goes to an undersea branching unit and splits to Chikura, Japan and Tanguisson, Guam.
|1874||Adventurer Celso Caesar Moreno lobbied US Senator Frederick Theodore Frelinghuysen to introduce a bill on May 18, 1874, to grant a charter to Moreno and thirteen others for the construction and maintenance of a trans-Pacific telegraph cable.|
|1876||A bill was passed and signed by President Grant, for a non-exclusive charter requiring the project to begin no later than three years after its passage. Subsequent fund raising efforts for the project were unsuccessful, and the deadline expired without the cable being started.|
|1895||US Congress once again began to consider legislation on a trans-Pacific telegraph cable in 1895. Moreno unsuccessfully lobbied the United States House of Representatives for an extension of his 1876 charter.|
|1975||Shore-end cable section (Guam) and shallow sea section of the No.2 Trans-Pacific Cable (TPC-2)|
Shore-end cable section (Okinawa) and shallow sea section of the No.2 Trans-Pacific Cable (TPC-2)
|1987||Shore-end cable section (Chikura side) and shallow sea section of the No.3 Trans-Pacific Cable (TPC-3)|
|1988||No.3 Trans-pacific Cable (TPC-3) (Laid cable length: approx. 3,834 km)|
|1991||No.4 Trans-Pacific Cable (TPC-4) (Laid cable length: approx. 1,259 km)|
|1993||Shore-end cable section (Ninomiya side) and shallow sea section of the No.5 Trans-Pacific Cable Network(TPC-5)|
|1993||Shore-end cable section(Ninomjya side)of the No.5 Trans-Pacific Cable Network(TPC-5)|
|1994||Shore-end cable section(Miyazaki side)of the No.5 Trans-Pacific Cable Network(TPC-5)|
|1995||No.5 Trans-Pacific Cable Network(TPC-5) (Laid cable length: approx.2,958 km)|
- "AT&T Archives: C.S. Long Lines". att.com. AT&T Archives and History Center. March 21, 2011. Retrieved September 24, 2016.
- "Submarine Cable Networks". submarinenetworks.com. Retrieved September 24, 2016.
- "Milestones:TPC-1 Transpacific Cable System, 1964". ethw.org. Engineering and Technology History WIKI. Retrieved September 24, 2016.
- Mike Dinn. "The Manned Spaceflight Network". Retrieved September 24, 2016.
- Calvin Sims (April 18, 1989). "Fiber-Optic Calling to Japan Starts Today". New York Times.
- Huurdeman, Anton A. (2003). The Worldwide History of Telecommunications. Wiley-IEEE. p. 405. ISBN 0-471-20505-2.
- "Congressional Affairs". Los Angeles Daily Herald. Los Angeles, CA. May 19, 1874. p. Image 3. Retrieved July 1, 2017 – via Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
- "The Trans-Pacific Telegraph". The Pacific Commercial Advertiser. September 23, 1876. p. Image 3. Retrieved July 1, 2017.
- "This Means a Cable". The Morning Call. San Francisco, CA. February 10, 1895. p. 4. Retrieved July 1, 2017 – via Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.
- "Corporate History". Kokusai Cable Ship.