Transpacific Yacht Race
|Organizer||Transpacific Yacht Club|
|Start||San Pedro, Los Angeles at the Pt. Fermin buoy|
|Finish||Honolulu off the Diamond Head Lighthouse|
|Length||2,225 nmi (2,560 mi; 4,121 km)|
The Transpacific Yacht Race (Transpac) is an offshore yacht race starting off the Pt. Fermin buoy in San Pedro, California and ending off Diamond Head in Hawaii, a distance of around 2,225 nautical miles (2,560 mi; 4,121 km). Started in 1906 by Clarence W. Macfarlane and hosted by Los Angeles Yacht Club, it is one of yachting's premier offshore races and attracts entrants from all over the world. The race is organized by the Transpacific Yacht Club.
- Fully Crewed Multihull Elapsed time: Mighty Merloe (ORMA 60 trimaran), 2017 of 4 days, 6 hours, 32 minutes, 30 seconds.
- Double Handed: Pegasus 50, 2009, sailed by Philippe Kahn and Mark Christensen, set a new record of 7 days, 19 hours, 38 minutes and 35 seconds.
In 1969, French sailing legend Eric Tabarly shadowed the race with his Pen Duick IV, one of the world's first trimarans competitive in all wind conditions. He originally intended to enter the race but was unaware that multihulls were not invited. Having started with all other participants, Tabarly and his crew set an unofficial record of 8 days and 13 hours, almost a day ahead of official winner and record-setter Blackfin.
The 2019 edition of the race, its fiftieth, saw the sinking of a yacht for the first time in its history, when the 68 foot mono-hulled sailboat Santa Cruz 70 OEX suffered rudder damage and an uncontrollable water intrusion.  The crew was rescued by another racing boat. This edition also saw the greatest number of skippers dropping out of the race.
In 1977, the yacht Merlin, designed by Bill Lee, set an elapsed time record of 8 days, 11 hours, 1 minute. This record would stand for 20 years. Ending Merlin's record, in the 1997 race a new monohull elapsed time record of 7 days, 11 hours, 41 minutes, and 27 seconds was set by Roy E. Disney's Pyewacket, a Santa Cruz 70 ultralight also designed by Bill Lee. The record fell once again in 2005, with Hasso Plattner's Morning Glory, a maxZ86 from Germany. Morning Glory was the scratch boat when it led a five-boat assault on the record for monohulls. She finished the race in 6 days, 16 hours, 4 minutes, and 11 seconds to win "the Barn Door" trophy, a slab of carved koa wood traditionally awarded to the monohull with the fastest elapsed time.
In 1995, multihulls were invited to participate for the first time, but not eligible for the Barn Door trophy. Steve Fosset set a new race record in 1995 on his 60' trimaran Lakota, of 6 days 16 hours 7 minutes 16 seconds. Two years later in 1997, this record was broken by the 86' catamaran Explorer with a time of 5 days 9 hours 18 minutes 26 seconds. 2017 saw Howard Enloe and his boat the Mighty Merloe smash the record by over 25 hours making the trip in just over 4 days.
On July 7, 2009, Alfa Romeo II beat the Morning Glory record for best day's run set in the 2005 race, by sailing 399 nautical miles (459 mi; 739 km) in 24 hours. The next two days she broke her own best-day record by sailing 420 nautical miles (480 mi; 780 km) and 431 nautical miles (496 mi; 798 km). First to finish the 2009 Transpac, Alfa Romeo II set a Transpac race elapsed-time record of 5 days, 14 hours, 36 minutes, 20 seconds. This represents a new race record for monohulls; the multihull record of 5 days, 9 hours, 18 minutes, set by Bruno Peyron in the 1997 race, remains. However, because she must use "stored power" (a diesel engine) to move, Alfa Romeo II, sailing in the "unlimited" class, was not eligible for the traditional "Barn Door" trophy, but instead was the inaugural winner of a new trophy dedicated by Trisha Steele, called the "Merlin Trophy".
In the double-handed division, Pegasus 50, sailed by Philippe Kahn and Mark Christensen, set a new record of 7 days, 19 hours, 38 minutes and 35 seconds. They pioneered use of an iPhone, with Fullpower-MotionX GPS technology.
References in popular culture
The 2008 documentary Morning Light is a film about the 2007 Disney-sponsored competitors in the race.
Transpac Honolulu Race Elapsed Time Record Trophy
The Transpac Honolulu Race Elapsed Time Record Trophy is awarded to the Record Holder for the fastest elapsed time by a monohull yacht in the race.
The list of Los Angeles to Honolulu Record Holders is:
- 1906 Lurline H.H. Sinclair 12:09:59
- 1926 Invader Don M. Lee 12:02:48:03
- 1949 Morning Star Richard S. Rheem 10:10:13:09
- 1955 Morning Star Richard S. Rheem 9:15:05:10
- 1965 Ticonderoga Robert Johnson 9:13:51:02
- 1969 Blackfin Kenneth DeMeuse 9:10:21:00
- 1971 Windward Passage Mark Johnson 9:09:06:48
- 1977 Merlin Bill Lee 8:11:01:45
- 1997 Pyewacket Roy P. Disney 7:15:24:40
- 1999 Pyewacket Roy E. Disney 7:11:41:27
- 2005 Morning Glory Hasso Plattner 6:16:04:11
- 2009 Alfa Romeo Neville Crichton 5:14:36:20
- 2017 Comanche Ken Read 5:01:55:26
Barn Door Trophy
The Barn Door Trophy is awarded each race for the Fastest Monohull Elapsed Time in the race. It was originally called the "First to Finish" Trophy. Since 2009, it has been restricted to manual power only sailing yachts.
Barn Door Winners Year Boat Owner/Skipper Time
- 1906 Lurline H.H. Sinclair 12:09:59 *
- 1908 Lurline H.H. Sinclair 13:21:31
- 1910 Hawaii Hawaii Syndicate 14:03:23
- 1912 Lurline A.E. Davis 13:17:03
- 1923 (S.Barb.) Mariner L.A. Norris 11:14:46
- 1926 Invader Don M. Lee 12:02:48:03 *
- 1928 (Balboa) Talayha L. Lippman 13:04:58:30
- 1930 Enchantress Morgan Adams 12:13:22:52
- 1932 (S.Barb.) Fayth William S. McNutt 14:14:33:00
- 1934 Vileehi H.T. Horton 13:03:42:26
- 1936 (S.Mon.) Dorade James Flood 13:07:20:04
- 1939 (S.Fran.) Contender Richard R. Loynes 14:07:50:00
- 1941 Stella Maris II Dr. A. Steele 13:21:03:55
- 1947 Chubasco W.L. Stewart Jr. 12:15:51:18
- 1949 Morning Star Richard S. Rheem 10:10:13:09 *
- 1951 Morning Star Richard S. Rheem 10:16:44:33
- 1953 Goodwill R.E. Larrabee 11:02:17:24
- 1955 Morning Star Richard S. Rheem 9:15:05:10 *
- 1957 Barlovento Frank Hooykaas 11:13:02:44
- 1959 Goodwill Ralph Larrabee 10:12:16:15
- 1961 Sirius II Howard F. Ahmanson 10:10:38:35
- 1963 Ticonderoga Robert Johnson 11:16:46:33
- 1965 Ticonderoga Robert Johnson 9:13:51:02 *
- 1967 Stormvogel Cornelius Bruynzeel 11:14:10:56
- 1969 Blackfin Kenneth DeMeuse 9:10:21:00 *
- 1971 Windward Passage Mark Johnson 9:09:06:48 *
- 1973 Ragtime Ragtime Syndicate 10:14:00:40
- 1975 Ragtime White/Pasquini 9:23:54:51
- 1977 Merlin Bill Lee 8:11:01:45 *
- 1979 Drifter Harry Moloschco 11:18:01:04
- 1981 Merlin Nick Frazee 8:11:02:31
- 1983 Charley Nolan K. Bushnell 9:01:53:48
- 1985 Swiftsure III Nick/Robert Frazee 10:19:21:47
- 1987 Merlin Donn Campion 8:12:00:40
- 1989 Silver Bullet John DeLaura 8:12:50:35
- 1991 Chance Robert McNulty 9:21:59:35
- 1993 Silver Bullet John DeLaura 9:09:11:17
- 1995 Cheval 95 Hal Ward 9:01:32:20
- 1997 Pyewacket Roy P. Disney 7:15:24:40 *
- 1999 Pyewacket Roy E. Disney 7:11:41:27 *
- 2001 Pegasus Philippe Kahn 8:02:34:03
- 2003 Pegasus 77 Philippe Kahn 7:16:31:17
- 2005 Morning Glory Hasso Plattner 6:16:04:11*
- 2007 Pyewacket Roy E. Disney 7:19:08:10
- 2009 Alfa Romeo Neville Crichton 5:14:36:20*
- 2011 Bella Mente Hap Fauth 6:19:44:28
- 2013 Wizard Dave Askew 7:7:53:46
- 2015 Rio 100 Manouch Moshayedi 7:05:34:07
- 2017 Rio 100 Manouch Moshayedi 6:17:09:09
- "Transpac Race: Casualties in the Pacific >> Scuttlebutt Sailing News". Scuttlebutt Sailing News. 2019-07-15. Retrieved 2019-11-07.
- http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/603027/Transpacific-Race%7C Encyclopædia Britannica
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-10-05. Retrieved 2018-01-06.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "1936 Transpac victor Dorade wins again in 2013". KHON2 Hawaii News, Weather, and Sports. 21 July 2013. Archived from the original on 14 July 2014. Retrieved 1 July 2014.
- "First ship sinks in Transpacific Yacht Race". www.kitv.com. Retrieved 2019-11-07.
- Nakamoto-White, Ellie. "Trans-Pacific yacht race crew safely rescued by competitor after boat sinks". https://www.hawaiinewsnow.com. Retrieved 2019-11-07. External link in
- Roberts, Rich (1 July 1987). "Twice a Winner, Restored Ragtime Races in Transpac: A Legend Is Still Fit Enough to Sail Away". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 1 July 2014.
- "Race History". Transpacific Yacht Club. Archived from the original on 14 July 2014. Retrieved 1 July 2014.
- Davis, Dobbs (July 10, 2017). "Mighty Merloe and Comanche on race record pace in 2017 TRANSPAC". Transpacific Yacht Club. Retrieved 2019-02-19.
- Race Committee aboard OCC's Alaska Eagle communications and escort vessel (2009-07-08). "Daily Standings (Provisional)". 2009 Transpac Race. Transpacific Yacht Club. Archived from the original on 4 February 2013. Retrieved 1 July 2014. Based on distance covered in preceding 24 hours as of 6AM on day of report.
- "Race Records". Transpacific Yacht Club. Archived from the original on 15 July 2014. Retrieved 1 July 2014.
- Refer to the RRS 51 and 52
- See Philippe's Online log of the voyage Archived 2009-09-05 at the Wayback Machine
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-08-18. Retrieved 2016-07-21.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)