Transport for Wales Rail Services
|Predecessor||Arriva Trains Wales|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in)|
KeolisAmey Operations (Welsh: Gweithrediadau KeolisAmey), trading as Transport for Wales Rail Services (TfW Rail Services) is a Welsh train operating company owned by Keolis (60%) and Amey (40%) that operates the Wales and Borders franchise.
The government body Transport for Wales (commercially separate from the train operating company) awarded the contract for the Wales and Borders franchise to KeolisAmey in 2018 which commenced rail operations on 14 October 2018. KeolisAmey uses the brand names Transport for Wales and TfW Rail (Welsh: Trafnidiaeth Cymru and TrC Trenau), which are owned by the Welsh Government, for day-to-day operations. The Welsh Government will nationalise the franchise on 7 February 2021, transferring operations to a Welsh government-owned operator, although KeolisAmey will continue to provide a minor role in the franchise.
In October 2017, Arriva withdrew from the bidding process, followed in February 2018 by Abellio, after the collapse of its partner Carillion. In May 2018, the franchise was awarded to KeolisAmey Wales. It commenced on 14 October 2018 and runs for 15 years.
As of January 2020 Keolis Amey has been fined £2.3 million by the Welsh government for poor performance of rail services. The company is also expected to be criticised by the Welsh Language Commissioner later in 2020 for reportedly breaking legislation on Welsh language provision six times since taking over the franchise in 2018. TfW Rail told the BBC that it did not believe any rules had been broken. Complaints included that Welsh was given lesser treatment on self-service machines, websites, and on the mobile app, that correspondence was not issued fully in Welsh, that train tickets were printed only in English, and that station and train announcements were not always made bilingually.
With a collapse in revenues as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic having made the original franchise financially unviable, on 7 February 2021 the franchise will be taken over by the Welsh Governments's operator of last resort, Transport for Wales Rail, a subsidiary of Transport for Wales with KeolisAmey having an involvement in delivering some key projects.
Typical TfW weekday off-peak service is as follows:
|North Wales Coast Line|
|Cardiff Central to Holyhead||8tpd||Newport, Cwmbran, Pontypool & New Inn, Abergavenny, Hereford, Leominster (3tpd), Ludlow (7tpd), Craven Arms (7tpd), Church Stretton (7tpd), Shrewsbury, Gobowen (7tpd), Chirk (7tpd), Ruabon (7tpd), Wrexham General, Chester, Shotton (4tpd), Flint, Prestatyn (7tpd), Rhyl, Abergele & Pensarn (3tpd), Colwyn Bay, Llandudno Junction, Conwy (3tpd), Penmaenmawr (3tpd), Llanfairfechan (3tpd), Bangor (7tpd), Llanfairpwll (7tpd), Bodorgan (5tpd), Ty Croes (5tpd), Rhosneigr (5tpd) and Valley (5tpd).
Only 7 tpd terminate in Holyhead as one turns off at Llandudno Junction and terminates at Llandudno, calling at Deganwy en route.
|1tpd||Newport, Cwmbran (Holyhead-bound only), Pontypool (Holyhead-bound only), Abergavenny (Holyhead-bound only), Hereford, Ludlow (Cardiff-bound only), Shrewsbury, Wrexham General, Chester, Flint, Rhyl, Colwyn Bay, Llandudno Junction and Bangor
0534 from Holyhead and 1716 from Cardiff Central is the Premier Service which calls at fewer stops and has 1st class accommodation available with meals included.
|Birmingham International to Holyhead||1tp2h||Birmingham New Street, Smethwick Galton Bridge, Wolverhampton, Telford Central, Wellington, Shrewsbury, Gobowen, Chirk, Ruabon, Wrexham General, Chester, Flint, Prestatyn, Rhyl, Colwyn Bay, Llandudno Junction, Conwy, Penmaenmawr, Llanfairfechan and Bangor||158|
|Manchester Airport to Llandudno||1||East Didsbury, Manchester Piccadilly, Manchester Oxford Road, Newton-le-Willows, Earlestown, Warrington Bank Quay, Runcorn East, Frodsham, Helsby, Chester, Shotton, Flint, Prestatyn, Rhyl, Abergele & Pensarn, Colwyn Bay, Llandudno Junction and Deganwy
6 inter-peak trains each day begin/end at the airport, 1 early morning and 2 late evening trains do too, not calling at East Didsbury. Other trains begin at Manchester Piccadilly.
|Crewe to Chester||1||shuttle||150, 158|
|Chester to Liverpool Lime Street||1||Helsby, Frodsham, Runcorn and Liverpool South Parkway|
|South Wales – Manchester|
|Milford Haven to Manchester Piccadilly||1tp2h||Johnston, Haverfordwest, Clarbeston Road, Clunderwen, Whitland, Carmarthen, Pembrey & Burry Port, Llanelli, Gowerton, Swansea, Neath, Port Talbot Parkway, Bridgend, Cardiff Central, Newport, Cwmbran, Abergavenny, Hereford, Leominster, Ludlow, Shrewsbury, Crewe, Wilmslow and Stockport||175|
|Carmarthen to Manchester Piccadilly||1tp2h||Ferryside, Kidwelly, Pembrey & Burry Port, Llanelli, Gowerton, Swansea, Neath, Port Talbot Parkway, Bridgend, Pencoed, Llanharan, Pontyclun, Cardiff Central, Newport, Cwmbran, Abergavenny, Hereford, Leominster, Ludlow, Craven Arms, Church Stretton, Shrewsbury, Whitchurch, Nantwich, Crewe, Wilmslow and Stockport|
|Fishguard Harbour to Manchester Piccadilly||1tpd||Fishguard and Goodwick, Clarbeston Road, Whitland, Carmarthen, Pembrey & Burry Port, Llanelli, Gowerton, Swansea, Neath, Port Talbot Parkway, Bridgend, Pencoed, Llanharan, Pontyclun, Cardiff Central, Newport, Cwmbran, Abergavenny, Hereford, Leominster, Ludlow, Craven Arms, Church Stretton, Shrewsbury, Whitchurch, Nantwich, Crewe, Wilmslow and Stockport||150|
|Birmingham International to Aberystwyth and Pwllheli||1tp2h||Birmingham New Street, Smethwick Galton Bridge, Wolverhampton, Telford Central, Wellington, Shrewsbury, Welshpool, Newtown, Caersws, Machynlleth...
The two portions divide/attach at Machynlleth.
Dovey Junction and Borth
|Pwllheli portion: |
Dovey Junction, Penhelig, Aberdovey, Tywyn, Tonfanau, Llwyngwril, Fairbourne, Morfa Mawddach, Barmouth, Llanaber, Talybont, Dyffryn Ardudwy, Llanbedr, Pensarn, Llandanwg, Harlech, Tygwyn, Talsarnau, Llandecwyn, Penrhyndeudraeth, Minffordd, Porthmadog, Criccieth, Penychain and Abererch
|Shrewsbury to Aberystwyth||-||Welshpool, Newtown, Caersws, Machynlleth, Dovey Junction and Borth |
Additional trains that run so that there is a service most hours between Shrewsbury and Aberystwyth
|Heart of Wales Line|
|Carmarthen to Llandovery||1||Llanelli, Bynea, Llangennech, Pontarddulais, Pantyffynnon, Ammanford, Llandybie, Ffairfach, Llandeilo, Llangadog and Llanwrda||150, 153|
|Llandrindod to Crewe||1||Pen-y-Bont, Dolau, Llanbister Road, Llangynllo, Knucklas, Knighton, Bucknell, Hopton Heath, Broome, Craven Arms, Church Stretton, Shrewsbury, Yorton, Wem, Prees, Whitchurch, Wrenbury and Nantwich|
|Swansea to Shrewsbury and Crewe||4||Gowerton, Llanelli, Bynea, Llangennech, Pontarddulais, Pantyffynnon, Ammanford, Llandybie, Ffairfach, Llandeilo, Llangadog, Llanwrda, Llandovery, Cynghordy, Sugar Loaf, Llanwrtyd, Llangammarch, Garth, Cilmeri, Builth Road, Llandrindod, Pen-y-Bont, Dolau, Llanbister Road, Llangynllo, Knucklas, Knighton, Bucknell, Hopton Heath, Broome, Craven Arms and Church Stretton |
2tpd extend to/from Crewe, calling at Yorton, Wem, Prees, Whitchurch, Wrenbury and Nantwich
|Shrewsbury to Crewe||5||Yorton, Wem, Prees, Whitchurch, Wrenbury and Nantwich |
creates an every-2-hours service alongside trains beginning further south
|Conwy Valley Line|
|Blaenau Ffestiniog to Llandudno||6||Roman Bridge, Dolwyddelan, Pont-y-Pant, Betws-y-Coed, Llanrwst, North Llanrwst, Dolgarrog, Tal-y-Cafn, Glan Conwy, Llandudno Junction and Deganwy||150|
|Wrexham Central to Bidston||1||Wrexham General, Gwersyllt, Cefn-y-Bedd, Caergwrle, Hope, Penyffordd, Buckley, Hawarden, Shotton, Hawarden Bridge, Neston, Heswall and Upton||150|
|West Wales Locals|
|Pembroke Dock to Swansea||1tp2h||Pembroke, Lamphey, Manorbier, Penally, Tenby, Saundersfoot, Kilgetty, Narberth, Whitland, Carmarthen, Pembrey & Burry Port, and Llanelli||150, 153, 158|
|Fishguard Harbour to Swansea||1tp2h||Fishguard and Goodwick, Clarbeston Road, Clunderwen, Whitland, Camarthen, Pembrey & Burry Port and Llanelli|
|Swansea to Cardiff Central||1tp2h||Llansamlet, Skewen, Neath, Briton Ferry, Baglan, Port Talbot Parkway, Pyle, Bridgend, Pencoed and Pontyclun||150, 153, 158|
|West Wales-Gloucestershire Line|
|Maesteg to Cheltenham Spa||1||Maesteg (Ewenny Road), Garth, Tondu, Sarn, Wildmill, Bridgend, Pencoed, Llanharan, Pontyclun, Cardiff Central, Newport, Severn Tunnel Junction, Caldicot, Chepstow, Lydney and Gloucester
Some trains terminate at Cardiff Central, rather than Cheltenham Spa.
doesn't run when Fishguard - Gloucester service runs
|150, 153, 158, 170, 175|
|Fishguard Harbour to Gloucester||4tpd||Fishguard and Goodwick, Clarbeston Road, Clunderwen, Whitland, Carmarthen, Ferryside, Kidwelly, Pembrey & Burry Port, Llanelli, Gowerton, Swansea, Neath, Port Talbot Parkway, Bridgend, Pencoed, Llanharan, Pontyclun, Cardiff Central, Newport, Severn Tunnel Junction, Caldicot, Chepstow and Lydney
Some trains terminate at Cardiff Central, rather than Gloucester.
|Ebbw Valley Railway|
|Cardiff Central to Ebbw Vale Town||1||Pye Corner, Rogerstone, Risca & Pontymister, Crosskeys, Newbridge, Llanhilleth and Ebbw Vale Parkway||150, 153, 158, 170, 175|
|Penarth to Bargoed and Rhymney||4||Dingle Road, Grangetown, Cardiff Central, Cardiff Queen Street, Heath High Level, Llanishen, Lisvane & Thornhill, Caerphilly, Aber, Energlyn & Churchill Park (2tph), Llanbradach, Ystrad Mynach, Hengoed, Pengam, and Gilfach Fargoed (1tph).
1tph extends to Rhymney, calling at Brithdir, Tir-Phil and Pontlottyn
|142, 143, 150|
|Merthyr & Vale of Glamorgan Lines|
|Bridgend to Aberdare||1||Llantwit Major, Rhoose Cardiff International Airport, Barry, Barry Docks, Cadoxton, Dinas Powys, Eastbrook, Cogan, Grangetown, Cardiff Central, Cardiff Queen Street, Cathays, Llandaf, Radyr, Taffs Well, Trefforest, Pontypridd, Abercynon, Penrhiwceiber, Mountain Ash, Fernhill and Cwmbach||142, 143, 150|
|Barry Island to Aberdare||1||Barry, Barry Docks, Cadoxton, Dinas Powys, Eastbrook, Cogan, Grangetown, Cardiff Central, Cardiff Queen Street, Cathays, Llandaf, Radyr, Taffs Well, Trefforest, Pontypridd, Abercynon, Penrhiwceiber, Mountain Ash, Fernhill and Cwmbach|
|Barry Island to Merthyr Tydfil||2||Barry, Barry Docks, Cadoxton, Dinas Powys, Eastbrook, Cogan, Grangetown, Cardiff Central, Cardiff Queen Street, Cathays, Llandaf, Radyr, Taffs Well, Trefforest Estate, Trefforest, Pontypridd, Abercynon, Quakers Yard, Merthyr Vale, Troed-y-rhiw and Pentre-bach|
|Cardiff Central to Treherbert||2||Cardiff Queen Street, Cathays, Llandaf, Radyr, Taffs Well, Trefforest, Pontypridd, Trehafod, Porth, Dinas Rhondda, Tonypandy, Llwynypia, Ystrad Rhondda, Ton Pentre, Treorchy and Ynyswen||142, 143, 150|
|City & Coryton Lines|
|Radyr to Coryton||2||Danescourt, Fairwater, Waun-gron Park, Ninian Park, Cardiff Central, Cardiff Queen Street, Heath Low Level, Ty Glas, Birchgrove, Rhiwbina and Whitchurch||142, 143, 153|
|Butetown Branch Line|
|Cardiff Queen Street to Cardiff Bay||5||shuttle||142, 143, 150, 153|
This section possibly contains unsourced predictions, speculative material, or accounts of events that might not occur. Information must be verifiable and based on reliable published sources. (February 2020) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
North Wales and North West England
- A new hourly Liverpool Lime Street to Chester service was introduced in May 2019, with limited services extended to Wrexham General.
- Class 230 D-Trains are scheduled for introduction on services on the Borderlands, Conwy Valley and Crewe-Chester lines during 2019. The operator had indicated an introduction date of Summer 2019, but this has been pushed back awaiting delivery of the stock from manufacturer Vivarail.
- Twelve refurbished Mark 4 carriages for the Holyhead to Cardiff Central Premier Service by the end of 2019, to replace the Mark 3 carriages. The first Mark 4 sets were released by LNER in July 2019 following the introduction of Azuma services and were released to Transport for Wales by 2020.
- Increase Wrexham Central to Bidston services to 2tph by December 2021, as part of the North Wales Metro.
- Introduction of a new hourly Liverpool to Llandudno and Shrewsbury service, and a new two-hourly Liverpool to Cardiff Central service from December 2022.
- Introduction of a direct Manchester Airport to Bangor service from December 2022.
- Introduce the new fleet of Civity diesel multiple units (DMUs) to the North Wales Coast line and other North Wales routes during 2022.
- Invest in Shotton and Wrexham General stations from April 2024, and in Chester station by 2028.
- Invest to co-fund new station buildings at Blaenau Ffestiniog.
- Introduce new Community Rail Partnerships on the North Wales Coast Line and the Crewe to Hereford line.
- Refurbished Class 170 Turbostar two-car DMUs on services to West Wales, Ebbw Vale and Maesteg from 2019, and the Heart of Wales line from 2022, to replace Class 153 Super Sprinters.
- Open a new station at Bow Street in March 2020.
- An additional service every day on the Heart of Wales line from December 2022.
- A consistent 1 tph on the Cambrian line from Shrewsbury to Aberystwyth from December 2022.
- New Civity DMUs on the Cambrian line during 2022, to replace the Class 158 Express Sprinters.
- Introduce new two and three-car new diesel multiple units for the Milford Haven to Manchester Piccadilly service by 2023, to replace the Class 175 Coradias.
- A first-class service between Swansea and Manchester from December 2024.
- Additional summer Sunday services from May 2023 between Tywyn and Pwllheli – including a new 1 tph express service between major centres by 2025.
- Invest in Carmarthen and Machynlleth stations in 2021, and Llanelli station in 2025.
- Introduce a new Community Rail Partnership for the West Wales line.
South East Wales
- Ticket machines were introduced at all South Wales Metro stations in 2019.
- Class 769 Flex bi-mode multiple units (BMMUs) were delivered to Cardiff Canton Depot in Summer 2019, and are scheduled to run on the Valley Lines by the end of 2019.
- Replace all Class 142 and 143 Pacers by December 2019.
- 4tph between Cardiff Central and Bridgend (direct, Monday to Saturday) from December 2019.
- Introduce pay-as-you-go for users of smart cards by April 2020.
- Increasing capacity of trains on early morning services to Cardiff Central from 2-car services to 4-car services.
- A new 1 train per hour (tph) Ebbw Vale Town to Newport service from May 2021.
- 4tph between Treherbert, Merthyr Tydfil, Aberdare and Cardiff from December 2022, operated by Citylink tram-trains.
- 6tph between Cardiff Queen Street and Cardiff Bay from December 2022.
- Hourly Cheltenham Spa to Cardiff Central services from December 2022.
- Introduce new FLIRT diesel-electric multiple units (DEMUs) on the Ebbw Vale and Maesteg lines during 2022.
- Introduce new FLIRT tri-mode multiple units (TMMUs) between Penarth, Barry and Bridgend to Rhymney and Coryton during 2023.
- 2tph between Cardiff and Bridgend via the Vale of Glamorgan Line from December 2023.
- 4tph throughout on the Rhymney line from December 2023.
- Introduce Citylink tram-trains to the City Line during 2023.
- Eliminate diesel use on the Central Metro lines (north of Cardiff Queen Street) by 2024.
- Open new stations at Cardiff Parkway in February 2020, Crwys Road, Loudoun Square and Cardiff Bay by December 2023, Treforest Estate by December 2025, and Gabalfa by 2028.
- Invest in Merthyr Tydfil from April 2020, Abergavenny from April 2023, and Cardiff Central and Chepstow from April 2025.
- Develop a fleet maintenance depot at Taffs Well and a dedicated Infrastructure Management depot in the Valleys.
- Build a Major Events Stabling Line (MESL) and a new station in Llanwern.
Of its current fleet, TfW Rail inherited the Class 142, 143, 150, 153, 158 and 175 diesel multiple units from Arriva Trains Wales in October 2018, which had been refurbished starting from 2011 and had been fitted with WiFi in 2017.
In 2019 and 2020, some Class 170 units and many more Class 153 units were acquired from some English operators to add to the fleet. These work alongside and with the ex-ATW units, adding capacity and supporting new services.
On 16 November 2020, the first Class 769 unit entered service. Due to heavily delayed introduction, the unit was actually one of the ones ordered under Arriva Trains Wales.
Class 153 Super Sprinters
In April 2019 TfW Rail added 5 153s acquired from Great Western Railway to the 8 it previously had. Four of these entered service the following month, and the fifth returned from works on 5 October 2019 as the first 153 on the whole GB rail network with PRM (Persons with Reduced Mobility) modifications, and entered service on 21 October 2019.
In October 2019, Porterbrook Leasing Company announced that it will lease a further 9 Class 153 units to TfW Rail for use on a short term basis. These comprise 5 153s from Greater Anglia which were delivered in December 2019 and started to enter service in January 2020, and 4 153s from East Midlands Railway which were delivered in January 2020 and started to enter service in February 2020.
On 5 November 2020, two more 153s transferred from East Midlands Railway to TfW Rail.
It is understood that six 153s from West Midlands Trains will be next to transfer to TfW Rail. On 22 October 2020, two of them had attempted to do so, but they failed en route.
Class 170 Turbostars
In September 2019 Transport for Wales took delivery of the first 3 of 12 Class 170 Turbostar DMUs from Greater Anglia, with 3 more of the units following in November 2019, a further 4 in December 2019 and the last two in January and February 2020 respectively. Driver training had taken place from September 2019.
On 12 December 2019, 3-car 170202 worked TfW Rail's first Class 170-operated passenger services (between Bridgend and Ebbw Vale Town via Cardiff Central), and five units (three 3-car and two 2-car) were in passenger service on 16 December 2019. All units were in service by April 2020, with 3-car 170206 being the last one to enter service.
The units had been refurbished under Greater Anglia and are initially being used by TfW Rail cosmetically unchanged (other than the different operator logos), but as they will be retained for the duration of the franchise, it is planned that they will later receive further refurbishment to TfW Rail specification.
Class 769 Flex units
Nine Class 769 Flex bi-mode multiple units were due to be delivered by 2019, following conversion from Class 319 electric multiple units that were previously in service with Thameslink, by fitting diesel generators and extra electronic equipment to some previously unused below-solebar space.
This work has been delayed for a number of operators who wished to run the Flex units, including Great Western Railway and Northern. The expected delivery date of May was not achieved, and in July 2019 TfW confirmed that regulatory issues with the units were preventing their introduction.
As of 25 August 2020, 8 769s have been delivered, test runs on the Rhymney Line having commenced on 16 March 2020. The first unit to enter service, 769002, eventually did so on 16 November 2020. 769003 followed on 18 November 2020.
Class 142 & 143 Pacers
As of April 2019, all of TfW Rail's Class 142 and 143 Pacer DMUs have had advertising vinyls applied, with the messages 'The start of a new journey', 'The journey is almost over for old trains', and 'These trains will terminate soon', stating rolling stock, infrastructure and service improvements.
These units were intended to be withdrawn and replaced by the 1 January 2020 PRM deadline, but will now continue in service until 31 December 2020 (extended from 31 July 2020) under dispensation from law.
The dispensation could have required them to be coupled to PRM compliant units and also could have further limited what routes they can be used on (beyond their line clearance and signed driver depots); it was however decided to not put these restrictions in place as they would not have been practically possible to comply with in TfW Rail's case. 
On 11 October 2020, 142082 was the first of TfW Rail's Pacers to be permanently withdrawn from service.
Class 150, 153, 158 and 175 DMUs
The rest of TfW Rail's rolling stock (the Class 150, 153, 158 and 175 DMUs), which will be withdrawn and replaced by 2023 (except the "shorter-term" 153s which will be withdrawn sooner), is in the process of undergoing several changes. These include the application of Transport for Wales livery, and TfW Rail specification interior refurbishment (including new seat moquette, floor coverings and table surfaces, as well as AC and USB power sockets).
In addition, the 150s/153s/158s staying until 2022–23 are receiving PRM-TSI (Persons with Reduced Mobility – Technical Specifications for Interoperability) modifications (the 175s exceed the RVAR they were built to and are accepted without modification).
|Trainset||Class||Image||Type||Top Speed||Carriages||Number||Routes Operated||Built|
|Locomotive hauled stock|
|Diesel multiple units|
|153 Super Sprinter||1||24||1987–88|
|158/0 Express Sprinter||90||140||2||24||
|Alstom Coradia||175/0 & 175/1||100||161||2||11||Regional services between North West England, North and South Wales||1999–2001|
|Bi-mode multiple units|
|Flex||769/0 & 769/4||BMU||100||161||4||8 (2 in service)||Valley Lines||2017-2020[nb 1]|
Train maintenance depots
TfW Rail's current fleet is stored and maintained at the following depots.
- Cardiff Canton: Class 142, Class 143, Class 150, Class 153, Class 170 and Class 769 units, and locomotive-hauled trains. Also a stabling point for 158s and 175s.
- Chester (Alstom): Class 175 units (main)
- Machynlleth: Class 158 units (main)
- Holyhead: Stabling point (refuelling and light maintenance) for locomotive-hauled trains and DMUs
- Crewe Carriage Sidings (Arriva TrainCare): Class 150, Class 153 and Class 158 units, and locomotive-hauled trains. Stabling point and light maintenance.
Due to space limitations, Chrysalis Rail currently allows TfW Rail to store any unallocated units or carriages at its Landore TMD in Swansea, even if they are not being worked on. This arrangement has been in place since late 2019.
Train types formerly operated by Transport for Wales Rail Services include:
Class 37-hauled Mark 2 sets
From June 2019 to March 2020, TfW Rail hired two Class 37-hauled Mark 2 sets to temporarily operate rush-hour services between Cardiff and Rhymney to add capacity. From January 2020 they were operating under PRM non-compliance dispensation, but were withdrawn in March due to decreasing reliability and replaced with trains formed of multiple Class 153 railcars coupled together, with many more of those now in the fleet.
Mark 3 sets
|Class||Image||Type||Top Speed||Number||Routes Operated||Withdrawn||Built|
|Locomotive hauled stock|
|37||Loco||80||129||3||Rhymney Line||March 2020||1960–1965|
|Driving Van Trailer||Control car||3||1988-1990|
All of TfW Rail's ATW-inherited and extra temporary fleet is due to be replaced by 2023 (with the exception of the Class 67 locomotives).
Cascades and refurbishments
Class 67-hauled Mark 4 sets
Six Class 67 locomotives have been adapted to work with three sets each comprising four Mark 4 carriages and a Mark 4 Driving Van Trailer, which will replace the Mark 3 stock previously used on locomotive-hauled services. The twelve carriages and three DVTs were able to cascade from London North Eastern Railway, as a result of the introduction of Class 800s on the East Coast Main Line. Testing and training of these sets commenced on 28 January 2020, but it is not yet known when they will enter service. The Mark 4 coaches will retain the Virgin Trains East Coast livery, but with Transport for Wales labels attached. The Mark 4 Driving Van Trailers will be repainted into the new Transport for Wales livery. Four of the six Class 67 locomotives have been repainted into TfW livery.
Class 230 D-Trains
The first "new" trains will also join the fleet during 2020 in the form of 5 Class 230 D-Train diesel-battery-electric multiple units, which are being built in England from former London Underground D78 Stock aluminium bodyshells by start-up rolling stock manufacturer Vivarail. The first Class 230 units were delivered to London Northwestern Railway in April 2019, on the Marston Vale Line. The five-month delay for introduction of these services indicated however that the units will also be delayed on the North Wales mainline (they were supposed to be introduced in 2019).
On 9 September 2019, a test unit that was reconfigured to the same configuration as the TfW Rail units commenced test runs in the manufacturer's area, and on 10 April 2020, 230006 was the first TfW Rail unit to undergo testing there. More recently, testing in the area of operation started to occur. The units are currently expected to enter service sometime in 2020.
Orders for 148 brand new units
For the longer term fleet replacement, 148 brand new trains have been ordered. The addition of these trains to the fleet, from 2021–24 but mostly in 2022–23, will allow the 109 (total) Class 150, 153 (13 by then), 158, 175 and 769 units to be withdrawn.
Class 197 Civitys
A total of 77 Class 197 Civity diesel multiple units have been ordered from CAF for long-distance routes. These trains will have end gangways, but will have fewer toilets than the Class 158 and Class 175 DMUs they replace and 'Fainsa Sophia' seats similar to those found on the Class 800 'IEP' trains, which will be less comfortable and exaggerate the effect of the smaller capacity air suspension. They will however be quicker, with more powerful engines and more efficient transmissions for better acceleration, as well as a higher top speed than the 158s.
CAF will undertake fabrication, welding and painting of the Class 197 fleet in their factory in Beasain, Spain. The first Driving Motor carriage vehicle bodyshell had largely passed this stage by 12 February 2020, when it was pictured in the Beasain factory. The painted bodyshells will then be shipped to Newport, South Wales, for further assembly/component-fitment at CAF's new UK factory in Llanwern.
Also, a total of 35 Stadler FLIRT units have been ordered (consisting of 24 Class 756 tri-modes and 11 Class 231 diesel-electrics) along with 36 Class 398 Stadler Citylink tram-trains. These will be manufactured at the Stadler factory in Szolnok, Hungary and assembled at their plant in Bussnang, Switzerland.
Retention of 20 other units/sets
Alongside the brand new fleet, the 12 170s will be retained for the duration of the franchise but will work different routes, including West Wales services, Shrewsbury-Crewe, and the Heart of Wales line (which will depend on the units being cleared to run on it).
The three Mark 4 sets and five Class 230s will also be retained and will remain on the routes they will work from their date of introduction on TfW Rail services.
|Trainset||Class||Image||Type||Top Speed||Carriages||Number||Routes Operated||Built||In Service|
|Locomotive hauled stock|
|InterCity 225||Mark 4||Coach||140||225||–||12||North to south inter-city service: Holyhead-Cardiff Central||1989–1992||2020|
|Driving Van Trailer||Control car||–||3|
|Diesel multiple units|
|CAF Civity||197||DMU||100||161||2||51||From 2020 to TBC||2021–23|
|Diesel-electric multiple units|
|Bi-mode multiple units|
|Flex||769/4||BMU||100||161||4||1||Valley Lines||2017-2020[nb 2]||2020|
|Tri-mode multiple units|
|Stadler FLIRT||756||TMU||100||161||3||7||Services between Caerphilly/Coryton to Penarth||TBC||2023|
|4||17||Services between Rhymney to Barry Island/Bridgend via VoG|
|Stadler Citylink||398||Tram-train||TBC||3||36||Services to Treherbert, Aberdare and Merthyr Tydfil||TBC||2022–23|
- Class 319/4 units were initially built between 1987 and 1988
- Class 319/4 units were initially built between 1987 and 1988
- "Transport for Wales (AW)". Train Operating Companies. National Rail Enquiries. National Rail. 6 February 2020. Retrieved 18 February 2020.
- Hoppe, Joe (16 September 2019). "Transport for Wales unveil plan to invest in Welsh stations over 15 years". South Wales Argus. Newport: Newsquest. Retrieved 18 February 2020./
- "Keolis Amey Operations/Gweithrediadau Keolis Amey Limited". gov.uk. Companies House. Retrieved 15 May 2020.
Company number: 11389531
- "New £5bn Wales rail franchise starts". BBC News. BBC. 14 October 2018. Retrieved 30 January 2020.
- "Hafan" [Homeoage]. TrC Trenau [TfW Rail] (in Welsh). Transport for Wales Rail Services. Retrieved 18 February 2020.
Darganfod hyd a lled rhwydwaith Trafnidiaeth Cymru. [Find out the full extent of the Transport for Wales network].
- Transport for Wales [@transport_wales] (1 October 2018). "Bydd yr ap TrC Trenau ar gael i'w lawrlwytho maes o lawr ar iOS ac Android. Rydym ni'n gwybod y byddwch angen amser i gael trefn arno, felly bydd yr ap presennol yn dal i weithio tan ddiwedd y flwyddyn. #dechrautaith" [The TfW Rail app will be available for download on iOS and Android. We know you will need time to get it sorted, so the current app will continue to work until the end of the year. #StartingAJourney] (Tweet) (in Welsh). Retrieved 18 February 2020 – via Twitter.
- "Transport for Wales rail services to be nationalised". BBC News. 22 October 2020. Retrieved 7 November 2020.
- "Passenger journeys by train operating company – Table 12.12 | ORR Data Portal". dataportal.orr.gov.uk.
- "Rail operator shortlist revealed" (Press release). Welsh Government. 12 October 2016. Retrieved 30 September 2018.
Four bidders have been selected to progress to the next stage in the procurement process to operate rail services in Wales and the Borders from October 2018 as well take forward key aspects of the next stage of Metro.
- "Wales & Borders bidders asked to propose Metro options". Railway Gazette International. Sutton: DVV Media Group. 13 October 2016. ISSN 0373-5346. Retrieved 30 September 2018.
- "Arriva pulls out of Wales & Borders franchise contest". International Railway Journal. Falmouth: Simmons-Boardman Publishing. 30 October 2017. ISSN 0744-5326.
- "Arriva Trains Wales drops out of Welsh rail franchise bid". BBC News. BBC. 30 October 2017. Retrieved 30 September 2018.
The firm that runs most of Wales' rail network has pulled out of the contest to continue running it from 2018. Arriva has said Arriva Trains Wales was "no longer participating in the Wales and Borders competition", adding it had "not been an easy decision".
- "Abellio ends rail bid after Carillion collapse". BBC News. BBC. 23 February 2018. Retrieved 30 September 2018.
One of the three remaining bidders for the next Wales and Borders rail franchise has pulled out. Abellio Rail Cymru (ARC) said it had been unable to overcome the collapse of its partner construction company, Carillion. Its exit from the process leaves just MTR and KeolisAmey bidding to run the franchise, which will operate the South Wales Metro.
- "Abellio pulls out of Wales & Borders bidding". International Railway Journal. Falmouth: Simmons-Boardman Publishing. 23 February 2018. ISSN 0744-5326.
- "Wales' rail and metro franchise to be run by Keolis Amey". BBC News. BBC. 23 May 2018. Retrieved 30 September 2018.
A £5bn contract to run Wales' rail service for the next 15 years has been awarded to two European firms, who will run it jointly. France's Keolis and Spanish-owned Amey's bid triumphed over a rival offer from Hong Kong's MTR commuter railways. It will also drive forward the south Wales Metro in Cardiff and the valleys.
- "Train operator Keolis Amey fined £2.3m for poor performance". Western Mail. 9 January 2020.
- "Transport for Wales 'breaks Welsh language rules'". 7 January 2020. Retrieved 12 January 2020.
- Written Statement: Future of Rail update Welsh Government 22 October 2020
- "Transport for Wales rail services to be nationalised". BBC News. 22 October 2020. Retrieved 22 October 2020.
- Welsh Government takes control of franchise The Railway Magazine issue 1436 November 2020 page 6
- Train Times. Transport for Wales Rail.
- "What this means for Mid and South West Wales". tfw.gov.wales. Transport for Wales. Retrieved 30 September 2018.
- "What's Happening In South East Wales". tfw.gov.wales. Transport for Wales. Retrieved 30 September 2018.
overhead electric, battery and diesel
- "What's Happening in North Wales". tfw.gov.wales. Transport for Wales]. Retrieved 23 October 2018.
- "Transport for Wales rebrand gets underway on the Wrexham to Bidston line". deeside.com. Retrieved 23 October 2018.
- Graeme [@That_Train_Guy] (13 July 2019). "Another One Bites the Dust! Ex- @LNER Mark IV coaching stock 'BN29' passing Biggleswade with 66735 'Peterborough United' providing the power as 5Z91 0858 Bounds Green T&R.S.M.D to Worksop Down Yard. The train was running 42 minutes late" (Tweet). Retrieved 18 February 2020 – via Twitter.
- "What's Happening in South West and Mid Wales". tfw.gov.wales. Transport for Wales. Retrieved 23 October 2018.
- "What's Happening in the Borders". tfw.gov.wales. Transport for Wales. Retrieved 23 October 2018.
- "£4m promised for new railway station". BBC News. 28 July 2017. Retrieved 23 October 2018.
- Llemiles (8 August 2019), English: Former Class 319 Cheriton (unit 319008), destined to be a British Rail Class 769 at Cardiff Canton Depot. Awaiting final modifications before entering service with Transport for Wales Rail Services., retrieved 5 September 2019
- "South Wales Metro". tfw.gov.wales. Transport for Wales. Retrieved 23 October 2018.
- "Extra capacity and improved trains for rail passengers across Wales and the borders". Transport For Wales News. Retrieved 3 October 2019.
- "Extra trains arrive for Transport for Wales". Transport For Wales News. Retrieved 5 September 2019.
- Rail, Trafnidiaeth Cymru Trenau Transport for Wales (2 January 2019). "Hi Stuart, we're due to get 5 additional 153 units arriving from GWR by May, we're also getting class 769 flex trains this year and 3 sets of Mark 4 carriages from LNER. Then in the future, we're having new trains built ^Joy". @tfwrail. Retrieved 9 August 2019.
- "More '769s' on their way to Wales". RAIL Magazine (872). Bauer Media. 13 February 2019.
- Rail, Trafnidiaeth Cymru Trenau Transport for Wales (6 July 2019). "Hi Chris, we already have some class 769 units and they are currently in our depots undergoing maintenance for compliance issues ^Cam". @tfwrail. Retrieved 9 August 2019.
- Wilkinson, Peter (4 December 2019). "The Railways (Interoperability) Regulations 2011 – Transport for Wales Rail Services Class 142s – 2020 accessibility deadline" (PDF). DfT. Archived (PDF) from the original on 1 January 2020. Retrieved 1 January 2020.
- "One Year In". tfwrail.wales. Retrieved 5 November 2019.
- Railway Gazette (24 December 2019). "TfW Mark 3s' dispensation end date is June 30th".
- uk_railways (24 July 2020). "47813 taking 11 ex-TfW Mk3s for storage". Instagram.
- "£800m fleet renewal plan for new Welsh franchise". International Railway Journal. Simmons-Boardman. 4 June 2018. Retrieved 2 April 2019.
- "New trains will be a boost for North Wales rail passengers". Press Release. Welsh Government. 28 March 2019. Retrieved 2 April 2019.
- Clark, Rhodri (23 April 2020). "Concern about '197' interior spec". Modern Railways. Key Publishing Ltd. Retrieved 3 October 2020.
- "TfW report completion of first class 197 bodyshell". Twitter. Retrieved 3 October 2020.
- "CAF commences design and engineering on DMUs for Wales and Borders franchise". Rail Technology Magazine. Cognitive Publishing. 21 February 2019. Retrieved 2 April 2019.
- "STADLER TO DELIVER 71 NEW TRAINS FOR WALES & BORDERS". Press Release. Stadler Rail AG. 28 February 2019. Retrieved 2 April 2019.
- "What's Happening in North Wales". Transport for Wales. Retrieved 4 June 2018.
- "KeolisAmey reveal new-look Wales trains and services". BBC News. BBC. 4 June 2018. Retrieved 4 June 2018.
- "Service Improvements" (PDF). Transport for Wales. Welsh Government. Retrieved 4 June 2018.
- "AMs WB Overview Presentation vJP AM" (PDF). KeolisAmey Wales. KeolisAmey Wales. Retrieved 5 June 2018.[dead link]
- "CVL Rolling Stock List" (PDF). Transport for Wales. Transport for Wales. Retrieved 14 August 2019.
Media related to Transport for Wales at Wikimedia Commons
Arriva Trains Wales
| Operator of Wales & Borders franchise
Transport for Wales Rail