Transport in Andhra Pradesh

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Andhra Pradesh is well connected with various destinations in India, as well as other countries. It has road, rail, airways. With a long coast of Bay of Bengal and many ports, it flourishes in sea trade as well. The state has one of the largest railway junctions at Vijayawada[1] and Visakhapatnam Port being one of the largest cargo handling seaport.[2]

Road[edit]

Toll gate on Hyderabad - Vijayawada National Highway 9

Andhra Pradesh has an extensive road network of 123,334 km (76,636 mi) with various types of roads such as, national highways, state highways, district roads etc.[3] The road network of the state is maintained by Andhra Pradesh Road Development Corporation, under the Roads and Buildings Department of the state.[4][5]

National and state highways[edit]

The state has a total of 4,422.53 km (2,748.03 mi) of national highways.[6] NH 16 is the longest national highway with a length of 1,024 km (636 mi) and runs from Srikakulam district to Nellore district.[7] The highway forms a part of Golden Quadrilateral Project undertaken by National Highways Development Project and a part of AH 45 of Asian Highway Network.[8][9]

Total network of state highways is 7,255 km (4,508 mi).[10] and 19,783 km (12,293 mi) of major district roads. Out of 91,994 km (57,162 mi) of other type of roads, there are 21,740.90 km (13,509.17 mi) of roads in the urban local bodies and municipal roads cover 19,118.97 km (11,879.98 mi).[11]

Bus[edit]

Mercedez Benz bus of APSRTC

The Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation operates bus services and is the primary mode of public transport in the state, which is owned by the state government. As of February 2017, it had a total of 11,918 buses with 970 bus shelters and connecting over 14,000 villages in over 3,000 routes.[12] The headquarters of APSRTC are located at NTR Administrative Block of RTC House in Pandit Nehru bus station of Vijayawada.[13][14]

Apart from government run APSRTC, there are also many private buses operating in the state.[15] Auto rickshaws are also a common mode of transport, with the recent introduction of She Autos, driven by women.[16]

Freight[edit]

The transport of goods in the state depends mainly on lorrys, mini trucks and auto rickshaws.[17] APS RTC, as a joint venture with Alloy Nitrides Ltd was established in the year 1976, used for transportation of unaccompanied luggage, parcel/packets by their buses.[18]

Railways[edit]

Andhra Pradesh has a total railway route of 3703.25 km.[19] The rail density of the state is 16.59 per 1,000 km (620 mi), compared to an all India average of 20.[20][3] The Howrah–Chennai main line which runs through the state is proposed to be upgraded into a high-speed rail corridor through the Diamond Quadrilateral project of the Indian Railways. [21][22]

The railway network spans two zones, further subdivided into divisions - Vijayawada, Guntur and Guntakal railway divisions of South Central Railway zone.[23], and Waltair railway division of East Coast Railway zone.[24] There is a demand for creating a unified zone for the state based out of Visakhapatnam.

There are three A1 and twenty three A-category railway stations in the state.[25] Visakhapatnam railway station has been declared the cleanest railway station in the country.[26] The railway station of Shimiliguda was the first highest broad gauge railway station in the country.[27]

Airports[edit]

Vijayawada Airport

Andhra Pradesh has three functional domestic and one international commercial airport. The state has a customs airport at Visakhapatnam. It serves more than 1 million passengers annually.[28] It operates flights to Singapore, Dubai and domestic services as well. There are five domestic airports at Vijayawada, Rajahmundry, Puttaparthi, Kadapa, Tirupati.

Vijayawada Airport is the hub of Indian regional airliner Air Costa. There are plans to develop International airports and also to set up few more domestic airports at other important towns.[29]

Visakhapatnam airport is the largest airport in the state and handles over 60% of the domestic traffic of the state. The total passenger traffic in the state stood at 1.48 million as of 2013[30] State government is planning to build Greenfield international aero tripolis near Visakhapatnam and 5 Greenfield airports near Kuppam, Dagadarthi, Uravakallu, Ongole and Tadepalligudem.

Seaports[edit]

The state has a coastline of 974 km (605 mi) and is the second longest in the country.[31] The state has 14 Ports with a sum of 250 Mt (250,000,000 long tons; 280,000,000 short tons) capacity. Visakhapatnam, Gangavaram and Krishnapatnam Ports are the three deep water ports.[3] During 2014-15, the traffic handled at non-major ports in the state was 83.43 Mt (82,110,000 long tons; 91,970,000 short tons).[32] Government planned to developenew ports at Bhavanapadu, Narsapur, Ramayapatnam and Duggirajapatnam.[3]

Inland waterways[edit]

Inland waterways are the most economical way of transporting goods in Andhra Pradesh. National Waterway 4 starts at Kakinada and travels through Eluru, Vijayawada cities in the state and ends at Puducherry near Chennai. As of 2014 a network of 888 km of National Waterway is available in the state.[33] This waterway is scheduled to begin transport in December 2017.[34]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Upgraded Gunadala rail station by March". Deccan Chronicle. Vijayawada. 19 June 2013. Archived from the original on 4 December 2014. Retrieved 16 January 2016. 
  2. ^ "Competition shakes up Visakhapatnam port - Livemint". www.livemint.com. Retrieved 17 April 2017. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Economic Development Board Andhra Pradesh - Infrastructure". apedb.gov.in. Retrieved 23 April 2017. 
  4. ^ ":: APRDC ::". aprdc.ap.gov.in. Retrieved 17 April 2017. 
  5. ^ "Roads and Buildings Department". Roads and Buildins Department, Government of Andhra Pradesh. Retrieved 17 April 2017. 
  6. ^ "List of National Highways passing through A.P. State". Roads and Buildings Department. Government of Andhra Pradesh. Archived from the original on 28 March 2016. Retrieved 22 February 2016. 
  7. ^ "National Highways". Roads and Buildings Department - Government of Andhra Pradesh. Archived from the original on 28 March 2016. Retrieved 17 April 2017. 
  8. ^ "Golden Quadrilateral project". Roadtraffic Technology. Retrieved 14 Jun 2014. 
  9. ^ "Goel wants to put Vizag Railway zone on track". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 2018-01-04. 
  10. ^ "Brief of Roads". Retrieved 25 April 2017. 
  11. ^ "Details of Roads in each ULB of Andhra Pradesh". Municipal Administration and Urban Development. Archived from the original on 1 August 2016. Retrieved 17 April 2017. 
  12. ^ "Andhra Pradesh Transport department". apsrtc. Archived from the original on 15 March 2015. Retrieved 13 June 2014. 
  13. ^ "Naidu to open RTC block today". The Hans India. Retrieved 18 April 2017. 
  14. ^ "Vijayawada bus station to be RTC headquarters". The Hans India. Retrieved 18 April 2017. 
  15. ^ "RTA officials book 29 cases against private buses". The Hans India. Retrieved 18 April 2017. 
  16. ^ Correspondent, Special. "She autos roll out in style in city". The Hindu. Retrieved 18 April 2017. 
  17. ^ "Not much impact on first day of lorry strike in Andhra Pradesh". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 18 April 2017. 
  18. ^ "ANL Parcel service". 
  19. ^ "Statewise Length of Railway Lines and Survey For New Railway Lines". pib.nic.in. Retrieved 2018-01-04. 
  20. ^ "Rail-Key Highlights". 
  21. ^ "Bullet Train Corridors". 
  22. ^ "Diamond Quadrilateral". Archived from the original on 2017-06-12. 
  23. ^ "State-wise Route Kilometerage". South Central Railway. Retrieved 23 April 2017. 
  24. ^ "ECoR - WALTAIR DIVISION". eastcoastrailwaywaltairdivision.blogspot.in. Retrieved 23 April 2017. 
  25. ^ "Statement showing category-wise No.of stations" (PDF). South Central Railway. Retrieved 23 April 2017. 
  26. ^ "Vizag billed the cleanest rail station". The Hindu. Special Correspondent. 2017-05-18. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 2018-01-04. 
  27. ^ BHATTACHARJEE, SUMIT. "Hidden 100 - 58 tunnels. 84 bridges. Welcome to Araku Valley". The Hindu. Retrieved 23 April 2017. 
  28. ^ "Vizag Airport Info". Hindubuisnessline. Retrieved 9 June 2014. 
  29. ^ "Airports" (PDF). AP State Portal. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 September 2015. Retrieved 23 June 2014. 
  30. ^ "Airports Highlights". 
  31. ^ T, Appala Naidu. "AP gears up to implement fishing ban". The Hindu. Retrieved 23 April 2017. 
  32. ^ "State-wise traffid handled at non-major ports" (PDF). Indian Ports Association. Retrieved 23 April 2017. 
  33. ^ "Inland Waterways". 
  34. ^ "Inland waterway cargo traffic in Andhra to start in December".