Transport in Armenia

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This article considers transport in Armenia. For Soviet transportation, see Transport in the Soviet Union.

Railways[edit]

Total[edit]

825 km (513 mi) in common carrier service; does not include industrial lines

Broad gauge[edit]

825 km of 1,520 mm (4 ft 11 2732 in) gauge (825 km electrified) (1995) There is no service south of Yerevan.

City with metro system: Yerevan

International Links[edit]

Most of the cross-border lines are currently closed due to political problems.[1] However, there are daily inbound and outbound trains connecting Tbilisi and Yerevan. Departing from Yerevan railway station trains connect to both Tbilisi and Batumi. From neighboring Georgia, trains depart to Yerevan from Tbilisi railway station.[2] Within Armenia, new electric trains connect passengers from Yerevan to Armenia's second largest city of Gyumri. The new trains run four times a day and the journey takes approximately two hours.[3]

There is also discussion to establish a rail link between Yerevan and Tehran. Armenia is pursuing funding from the Asian Development Bank to launch construction of this infrastructure project.[4] The completion of the project could establish a major commodities transit corridor and would serve as the shortest transportation route between Europe and the Persian Gulf.[5] In June 2019, Iranian president Hassan Rouhani backed this project and stated that “we want the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman to be connected to the Black Sea, and one of the ways to make this happen is through Iran, Armenia and Georgia.”[6]

Yerevan Metro train

Metros[edit]

The capital city of Armenia, Yerevan, is serviced by the Yerevan Metro. The system was launched in 1981 and like most former Soviet Metros, its stations are very deep (20–70 meters underground) and intricately decorated with national motifs. The metro runs on a 13.4 kilometres (8.3 mi) line and currently serves 10 active stations. Trains run every five minutes from 6:30 a.m. until 11 p.m local AMT time. As of 2017, the annual ridership of the metro is 16.2 million passengers.[7] Free wi-fi is available at all stations and some trains.[8]

Roadways[edit]

Land borders are open with both Georgia and Iran. Yerevan Central Bus Station, also known as Kilikia Bus Station is the main bus terminal in Yerevan with buses connecting to both internal and international destinations. There are daily bus connections between Yerevan and Tbilisi and Yerevan and Tehran.[9] Approximately three times daily, buses depart from Yerevan Central Bus Station to Stepanakert, the capital of the partially recognized state of Artsakh.[10] There are also scheduled bus routes which connect Yerevan with Kiev, Moscow, Saint Petersburg as well as several other cities across Russia.[11] In addition, there is a once a week bus service to Istanbul via Georgia.[12] In June 2019, a new bus route from Baghdad to Yerevan via Iran began.[13] Yerevan itself has a large integrated bus network, with a newly acquired bus fleet, passengers are able to connect from one end of the city to the other. Wi-fi is available on most city buses.[14]

Since independence, Armenia has been developing it's internal highway network. The "North-South Road Corridor Investment Program" is a major infrastructure project which aims at connecting the southern border of Armenia with its northern by means of a 556 km-long Meghri-Yerevan-Bavra highway. It is a major US$1.5 billion infrastructure project funded by the Asian Development Bank, European Investment Bank and the Eurasian Development Bank. When completed, the highway will provide access to European countries via the Black Sea. It could also eventually interconnect the Black Sea ports of Georgia with the major ports of Iran, thus positioning Armenia in a strategic transport corridor between Europe and Asia.[15][16] Armenia is pursuing further loans from China as part of the Belt and Road Initiative to complete the North-South highway.[17]

Armenia connects to European road networks via the International E-road network through various routes such as; European route E117, European route E691, European route E001 and European route E60. Armenia also connects to the Asian Highway Network through routes AH81, AH82 and AH83.

The number of insured registered cars in Armenia has grown from 390,457 in 2011 to 457,878 in 2015.[18]

Total[edit]

7,700 km
World Ranking: 112

Paved[edit]

7,700 km (including 1,561 km of expressways)

Unpaved[edit]

0 km (2006 est.)

Pipelines[edit]

Natural gas 3,838 km (2017)

Ports and harbors[edit]

Cargo shipments to landlocked Armenia are routed through ports in Georgia and Turkey.

Airports[edit]

Zvartnots International Airport

Air transportation in Armenia is the most convenient and comfortable means of getting into the country. There are large international airports that accept both external and domestic flights throughout the Republic. As of 2019, 11 airports operate in Armenia, however, only Yerevan's Zvartnots International Airport and Gyumri's Shirak Airport are in use for commercial aviation. There are 3 additional civil airports currently under reconstruction in Armenia, including Syunik Airport, Stepanavan Airport and Goris Airport. The main Armenian airlines in operation are Armenia Aircompany, Atlantis European Airways, Armenia Airways and Taron Avia.

There are plenty of air connections between Yerevan and other regional cities, including Athens, Barcelona, Beirut, Bucharest, Brussels, Damascus, Doha, Dubai, Istanbul, Kiev, Kuwait City, London, Minsk, Moscow, Paris, Prague, Riga, Tehran, Tel-Aviv, Tbilisi, Vienna, Venice and Warsaw, as well as daily connections to most major cities within the CIS region.[19] Statistics show that the number of tourists arriving in the country by air transportation increases yearly.[20] In 2018, passenger flow at the two main airports of Armenia reached a record high of 2,856,673 million people.[21]

Country comparison to the world: 153

Airports - with paved runways[edit]

Total: 10

Over 3,047 m (9,900 feet): 2
1,524 to 2,437 m (7,920 feet): 2
914 to 1,523 m (4,950 feet): 4
Under 914 m: 2 (as of 2008)

Airports - with unpaved runways[edit]

Total: 1

1,524 to 2,437 m: 0
914 to 1,523 m: 1
under 914 m: 0 (as of 2008)

Heliports[edit]

Armenia maintains a number of both military and civilian heliports. The main military heliport is located on the premises of Erebuni Airport in Yerevan. Meanwhile, the company Armenian Helicopters, based at Zvartnots Airport in Yerevan, offers charter flights within Armenia and to certain neighboring countries, including Georgia, Russia and Turkey.[22][23] Helicopter services are delivered with the US-made Robinson R66 and the European AIRBUS EC130T2 choppers. Flights can be carried out as scheduled or individual routes.[24]

Wings of Tatev aerial tramway

Aerial tramways[edit]

The Wings of Tatev is currently the world's longest reversible aerial tramway which holds the record for longest non-stop double track cable car and is located in the town of Halidzor.

International transport agreements[edit]

Armenia cooperates in various international transport related organizations and agreements including the following:[25]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Armenia looks to the private sector". Railway Gazette International. January 2008.
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ [2]
  4. ^ [3]
  5. ^ [4]
  6. ^ "Tehran determined in deepening relations with Yerevan". armenpress.com.
  7. ^ [5]
  8. ^ [6]
  9. ^ [7]
  10. ^ [8]
  11. ^ [9]
  12. ^ [10]
  13. ^ [11]
  14. ^ [12]
  15. ^ [13]
  16. ^ [14]
  17. ^ [15]
  18. ^ [16]
  19. ^ [17]
  20. ^ [18]
  21. ^ "Passenger flow in Armenia's airports increases". Armenpress. Retrieved 5 October 2018.
  22. ^ [19]
  23. ^ [20]
  24. ^ [21]
  25. ^ "International organisations". Ministry of Foreign Affairs. October 2018. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (help)
  26. ^ [22]

 This article incorporates public domain material from the CIA World Factbook document "2009 edition".