Transport in Bolivia

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Transport in Bolivia is mostly by road. The railways were historically important in Bolivia, but now play a relatively small part in the country's transport system. Because of the country's geography, aviation is also important.


Total: 3,504 km (single track)
Narrow gauge (metre gauge):

  • 3,504 km 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in) gauge; (2006)
  • The eastern and western networks are joined only via Argentina, due to slow progress on a direct link.
    • The map on page 522 of the 1969/1970 edition of JANE'S shows a link between Cuevos and Zudañez as being "under construction".

Rail links with adjacent countries[edit]


Towns served by rail[edit]


total: 62,479 km
paved: 3,749 km (including 27 km of expressways)
unpaved: 58,730 km (2004)

Road construction in Bolivia is difficult due to its geography and lack of resources to completely develop an advanced road network. However, it maintains a small network of 4-lane freeways which are the following:

The main national roads are:


10,000 km of commercially navigable waterways (2007)


Ports and harbors[edit]


  • In October 2010, Peru granted Bolivia port facilities and a free-trade zone as part of larger series of agreements strengthening bilateral relations between the two countries. Bolivia was granted about 1.4 square miles (3.6 km2) of port facilities on a 99-year lease at the Port of Ilo on Peru's southern Pacific coast. A similar agreement, signed by then Bolivian president Jaime Paz Zamora in 1992, never materialized for a lack of investment in infrastructure. Bolivia has free port privileges in the maritime ports of Argentina, Brazil, and Chile.

Lake Titicaca[edit]

Amazon basin[edit]

Paraguay River (international waterway)[edit]

Merchant marine[edit]

total: 23 ships (1,000 gross register tons (GRT) or over) totaling 116,373 GRT/182,283 tonnes deadweight (DWT)
ships by type: (2008)


1,009 (2008)

Airports - with paved runways:
total: 16
over 3,047 m: 4
2,438 to 3,047 m: 4
1,524 to 2,437 m: 5
914 to 1,523 m: 3 (2008)

Airports - with unpaved runways:
total: 993
over 3,047 m: 1
2,438 to 3,047 m: 4
1,524 to 2,437 m: 58
914 to 1,523 m: 186
under 914 m: 744 (2008)

See also[edit]


This article was adapted from the CIA World Factbook 2009.