Transport in Georgia (country)

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For Soviet transportation, see Transport in the Soviet Union.


Georgian Railway Network

total: 1,683 km in common carrier service; does not include industrial lines
broad gauge: 1,583 km of 1,520 mm (4 ft 11 2732 in) gauge (1993)
narrow gauge: 100 km of 914 mm (3 ft) gauge.

City with metro system: Tbilisi (see Tbilisi Metro).

  • In April 2005, an agreement was signed to build a railway from Turkey through Georgia to Azerbaijan (see Kars Baku Tbilisi railway line). The line under construction is using Standard gauge until Akhalkalaki. There will be axle change station for wagons to proceed with broad gauge to Baku.[1]
  • In August 2007, Georgia handed over the management rights of the state-owned Georgian Railway company to the U.K.-based company Parkfield Investment for 89 years.[2]

Railway links with adjacent countries[edit]


Towns served by rail[edit]


The road network in Georgia consists of 1,603 kilometers of main or international highways that are considered to be in good condition and some 18,821 kilometers of secondary and local roads that are, generally, in poor condition.[3] Only 7,854 km out of over 20,000 km of Georgian roads are paved.[4]

National roads of Georgia
Main roads
Number E Route name Length (km) Notes
S1-GE.svg Tabliczka E60.svg Tabliczka E97.svg Tabliczka E117.svg Tbilisi - Senaki - Leselidze 552
S2-GE.svg Tabliczka E60.svg Tabliczka E70.svg Senaki - Poti - Sarpi 119
S3-GE.svg Tabliczka E117.svg Mtskheta - Stepantsminda - Larsi 139
S4-GE.svg Tabliczka E60.svg Tabliczka E117.svg Tbilisi - Red Bridge 57
S5-GE.svg TbilisiBakurtsikheLagodekhi 160
S6-GE.svg Tabliczka E117.svg PonichalaMarneuliGuguti 98
S7-GE.svg Tabliczka E001.svg MarneuliSadakhlo 34
S8-GE.svg Tabliczka E691.svg KhashuriAkhaltsikheVale 97
S9-GE.svg Tabliczka E60.svg Tabliczka E117.svg Tbilisi Bypass 49
S10-GE.svg GoriTskhinvaliGuptaJavaRoki 92,5
S11-GE.svg Tabliczka E691.svg AkhaltsikheNinotsminda 112
S12-GE.svg Tabliczka E692.svg Samtredia - Lanchkhuti - Grigoleti 57
S13-GE.svg Akhalkalaki - Kartsakhi 36,5


Georgia has a small motorway system, that is currently under development, essentially when the motorway will be finished will link Tbilisi, the capital, and Batumi, Georgia's second largest city. The multilane road is part of the S1 highway, which runs from Mukhatgverdi (Tbilisi West) until Agarebi, a village near Khashuri, and has a length of 110 km, bypassing Mtskheta and Gori.


Crude oil 370 km; refined products 300 km; natural gas 440 km (1992)

Black Sea Ports and harbors[edit]

Batumi, Poti, Sokhumi, Kulevi Oil Terminal

Merchant marine[edit]

total: 17 ships (with a volume of 1,000 gross tonnage (GT) or over) totaling 103,080 GT/158,803 tonnes deadweight (DWT)
ships by type: cargo ship 10, chemical tanker 1, petroleum tanker 6 (1999 est.)


Shota Rustaveli Airport
Alexander Kartveli Airport

28 (1994 est.) In February 2007 a brand new, modern and fully equipped international Airport was inaugurated in Tbilisi.

Airports - with paved runways[edit]

total: 14
over 3,047 m: 1
2,438 to 3,047 m: 7
1,524 to 2,437 m: 4
914 to 1,523 m: 1
under 914 m: 1 (1994 est.)

Airports - with unpaved runways[edit]

total: 14
over 3,047 m: 1
2,438 to 3,047 m: 1
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
914 to 1,523 m: 5
under 914 m: 6 (1994 est.)

See also[edit]

External links[edit]