Transport in Hyderabad

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Transport in Hyderabad is the network of roads, railways, rapid transit system in the capital and the largest city of Telangana[1]. The city of Hyderabad also serves as the central hub of transport and logistics within the state.

Road[edit]

Hyderabad is integrated into the National Highway Network of India through NH 44, NH 65, NH 163, NH 765, NH 765D[2], while four State Highways SH1, SH4, SH 6, SH 19 originate/terminate in Hyderabad.[citation needed] Hyderabad has a vehicle population of nearly 48 lakhs and is the highest after Delhi,Bengaluru,Chennai and Mumbai.

The first Expressway in Hyderabad connecting Mehdipatnam and Aramgarh opened for public in 2009 to ease connectivity to Rajiv Gandhi International Airport[3] located in Shamshabad, and named after the former Prime Minister P V Narsimha Rao. An extension of this Expressway further to Shamshabad was mulled in 2018[4][5].

The Road Network in Hyderabad is characterised by a concentric network of Inner Ring Road and Outer Ring Road. The latter is an expressway stretching 158 kms built to provide orbital linkage between arterial radial roads within the city, as well as to offer connectivity the National Highways[6].

Bus[edit]

Telangana State Road Transport Corporation[edit]

A local bus in Hyderabad

Hyderabad has an extensive intracity, intercity/regional and interstate bus service network operated by TSRTC, backed by the Government of Telangana. Within the municipal limits of the city, TSRTC plies intercity and interstate buses from Mahatma Gandhi Bus Station, Charminar Bus Station, Dilsukhnagar Bus Station, Koti Bus Station, Rathifile Bus Station, Afzalgunj Bus Station, Medchal Bus Station, Sanathnagar Bus Station, ECIL Bus Station and Secretariat[7].

City buses are deployed from their respective depots which shall have jurisdiction over the staffing and frequency of services. City and Suburban buses constitute the primary mode of transport in Hyderabad.

TSRTC has several kinds of services which differ in comfort, price and the number of stops[8]:

  • Metro Luxury (air-conditioned)
  • City Sheetal (air-conditioned)
  • Metro Deluxe[9]
  • Metro Express Low Floor (non air-conditioned)
  • Metro Express
  • City Ordinary
  • Pushpak (for Airport Connectivity, air-conditioned)[10]. Proposal to replace a segment of fleet to all-electric buses[11].

Setwin[edit]

The State Government of Telangana (erstwhile Andhra Pradesh) sanctioned[12] minibuses as a self-employment generation scheme which ply between different parts of the city in addition to the city buses run by TSRTC.

Taxis[edit]

Metered Auto Rickshaw usually referred to as an "auto", is another widely available taxi in Hyderabad. Shared 'auto' taxis are also a commonplace in Hyderabad. Mandatory Metering is contentious issue between passengers, service providers and the authorities[13][14].

Peer-to-peer ridesharing with Uber and Ola emerged as a competition against the traditional Taxi System in Hyderabad.

Rail[edit]

South Central Railway, a zone of Indian Railways, is headquartered in Secunderabad[15]. Apart from services provided with inter-city connectivity, this zone provides suburban transport services in Hyderabad & Secunderabad through MMTS.

MMTS[edit]

Hyderabad has a commuter transportation system known as the Multi Modal Transport System (MMTS), connecting various suburbs of Hyderabad.

However, MMTS Services, despite the load factors, have been criticised for lack of adequate frequency and inordinate delays[16]. Extension to the current project has been sought through the launch of Phase-II[17], albeit with limited success of approval[18][19].

Hyderabad Metro Rail[edit]

Hyderabad Metro Rail, the Elevated[20] Mass Rapid Transit System of Hyderabad, started operations in 2017[21][22][23][24]. The initial phase of operation was 30 km long[25][26], connecting Nagole and Miyapur, over two corridors through Ameerpet Interchange Station[27][28][29].

The placement of Metro Stations across the city have been geared to feed the existing transport systems[30]. It was however, criticised for inability to achieve its objectives[31][32], low frequency[33] and high fares[34]. The frequency of the services increased further since launch to address the shortage of frequency[35][36][37][38].

To further connectivity, HMRL tied up with Uber, to set up booking kiosks across stations[39][40][41][42]. Further, bicycle facility was launched on a limited scale[43][44][45].

Air[edit]

Tata Airlines, started as an air mail service from Karachi to Madras via Hyderabad Deccan

In 1935, Hyderabad's Hakimpet air base was linked with international flight services.[46] The new and modern airport at Shamshabad replaced the old Begumpet Airport, on 2 March 2008. As of 2010, The Rajiv Gandhi International Airport at Shamshabad has been judged among the world's top airports in the category of serving 5–15 million passengers, according to Airports Council International,[47] and the world's fifth best airport, according to Skytrax.[48] The airport has one of the longest runway (4260 metres) in India,[49] and caters to high passenger and cargo volumes. In January 2011, it became India's first airport to transport more than 30,000 tonnes (66,000,000 lb) of temperature-controlled pharmaceutical products.[50] It is the primary base for SpiceJet's fleet of Bombardier Dash 8s.[51] GMR Hyderabad International Airport Limited, which operates the airport, has been awarded the Center for Asia Pacific Aviation award in the category of Best Airport Environmental Performance of the Year 2009.[52]

The airport is connected to the city by three major roads.[53] The 11.6-kilometre (7.2 mi) Hyderabad Elevated Expressway provides dedicated high-speed travel to the airport. As of 2011, it is the longest expressway in India.[54] The Nehru Outer Ring Road serves as a controlled-access expressway between Gachibowli and Shamshabad.[53] Metered taxis and buses are available as transports to the airport.[55]

Hyderabad is connected with direct flights to all major destinations in India, as well as to various locations in Middle East, Southeast Asia, Europe and North America. Currently, Hyderabad has flights connecting either directly or intermediate stops to foreign cities like Frankfurt, Singapore, Dubai, Bangkok, Kuala Lumpur, Dammam, Chicago (O'Hare), London (Heathrow), Doha, Jeddah, Muscat, Riyadh, Kuwait.

References[edit]

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  2. ^ "State wise Length of National Highways in India - Ministry of Road Transport & Highways, Government of India". morth.nic.in. Retrieved 2018-05-18. 
  3. ^ "Hyderabad throws open India's longest flyover". News18. Retrieved 2018-05-18. 
  4. ^ "Hyderabad to get ₹10,000-cr transformation". @businessline. Retrieved 2018-05-18. 
  5. ^ "Fly Overs in Hyderabad - Hyderabad Traffic Police". www.htp.gov.in. Retrieved 2018-05-18. 
  6. ^ "HMDA ORR". 
  7. ^ "http://www.tsrtc.telangana.gov.in/BusStations.php". www.tsrtc.telangana.gov.in. Retrieved 2018-05-18.  External link in |title= (help)
  8. ^ "http://www.tsrtc.telangana.gov.in/TypesOfCoaches.php". www.tsrtc.telangana.gov.in. Retrieved 2018-05-18.  External link in |title= (help)
  9. ^ "http://www.tsrtc.telangana.gov.in/Coach-wiseFacilities.php#Metro%20Deluxe". www.tsrtc.telangana.gov.in. Retrieved 2018-05-18.  External link in |title= (help)
  10. ^ "Commute to & from Rajiv Gandhi International Airport". www.hyderabad.aero. Retrieved 2018-05-18. 
  11. ^ "40 electric buses to hit Hyderabad roads in six months". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 2018-05-20. 
  12. ^ "Setwin". setwin.in. Retrieved 2018-05-18. 
  13. ^ "Share autorickshaw drivers in Hyderabad's old city area allege harassment by cops". The News Minute. 2018-02-09. Retrieved 2018-05-18. 
  14. ^ "Auto-rickshaws back to unmetered regime - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 2018-05-18. 
  15. ^ "South Central Railway". www.scr.indianrailways.gov.in. Retrieved 2018-05-20. 
  16. ^ Geetanath, V. (2017-08-11). "MMTS dogged by frequency issues". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 2018-05-20. 
  17. ^ "Appeal to T for MMTS Phase 2 funds - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 2018-05-20. 
  18. ^ "KTR urged to release funds for MMTS phase-II". Telangana Today. 2018-04-24. Retrieved 2018-05-20. 
  19. ^ "Metro in place, MMTS extension planned to Hyderabad airport dropped". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 2018-05-20. 
  20. ^ "PROJECT FEATURES - Hyderabad Metro Rail". hmrl.telangana.gov.in. Retrieved 2018-05-20. 
  21. ^ "Live updates: Hyderabad Metro Rail launch". Telangana Today. 2017-11-28. Retrieved 2018-05-20. 
  22. ^ "Hyderabad Metro Set For November Launch". News18. Retrieved 2018-05-20. 
  23. ^ "Hyderabad Metro Rail launch - The Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 2018-05-20. 
  24. ^ "Hyderabad Metro Launch: PM Modi Flags Off 30-km Rail Link, Takes First Ride". News18. 2017-11-28. Retrieved 2018-05-20. 
  25. ^ "PROJECT DESCRIPTION - Hyderabad Metro Rail". hmrl.telangana.gov.in. Retrieved 2018-05-20. 
  26. ^ "Route map - Hyderabad Metro Rail". hmrl.telangana.gov.in. Retrieved 2018-05-20. 
  27. ^ "Facilities galore at Ameerpet interchange station". The Hindu. Special Correspondent. 2017-11-14. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 2018-05-20. 
  28. ^ "Ameerpet Interchange Metro Station, largest in country". The Hans India. Retrieved 2018-05-20. 
  29. ^ "Hyderabad: 2-min halts for metro at interchanges". https://www.deccanchronicle.com/. 2017-11-14. Retrieved 2018-05-20.  External link in |work= (help)
  30. ^ "MULTI-MODAL CONNECTIVITY - Hyderabad Metro Rail". hmrl.telangana.gov.in. Retrieved 2018-05-20. 
  31. ^ "Hyderabad Metro passengers still wait for last mile connectivity". Telangana Today. 2018-01-04. Retrieved 2018-05-20. 
  32. ^ "Last-mile connectivity haunts Hyderabad Metro Rail". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 2018-05-20. 
  33. ^ "A month after launch, Metro Rail shows promise, but still has a long way to go". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 2018-05-20. 
  34. ^ "Despite dip in users, Hyderabad Metro Rail fares to stay". https://www.deccanchronicle.com/. 2018-02-20. Retrieved 2018-05-20.  External link in |work= (help)
  35. ^ "Hyderabad Metro frequency likely to be increased". Telangana Today. 2018-04-18. Retrieved 2018-05-20. 
  36. ^ "Hyderabad Metro to increase frequency, speed of trains". @businessline. Retrieved 2018-05-20. 
  37. ^ "Hyderabad Metro frequency likely to be increased". Telangana Today. 2018-04-18. Retrieved 2018-05-20. 
  38. ^ "Metro trains' frequency in Hyderabad to go up - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 2018-05-20. 
  39. ^ "Uber enters into partnership with Hyderabad Metro Rail Limited for last mile connectivity - Firstpost". www.firstpost.com. Retrieved 2018-05-20. 
  40. ^ "Uber to set up kiosks at Hyderabad Metro Rail stations". @businessline. Retrieved 2018-05-20. 
  41. ^ "Uber ties up with Hyderabad Metro Rail to provide last mile connectivity". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 2018-05-20. 
  42. ^ "Getting around Hyderabad is now easier with Uber and Metro Rail | Uber Newsroom India". Uber Newsroom. 2018-04-19. Retrieved 2018-05-20. 
  43. ^ "Smartbike station ready, GPS to track commuters - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 2018-05-20. 
  44. ^ "Rent trendy cycles now at Hyderabad Metro stations". Telangana Today. 2017-11-28. Retrieved 2018-05-20. 
  45. ^ "Bikes on rent now for Hyderabad Metro passengers - Telangana Today | DailyHunt". DailyHunt. Retrieved 2018-05-20. 
  46. ^ "Modern Period". aponline.gov.in. 2002. Archived from the original on 26 September 2011. Retrieved 10 October 2011. 
  47. ^ "Delhi, Hyderabad airports among top in the world". Times of India. 16 February 2011. Retrieved 16 February 2011. 
  48. ^ "Hyderabad airport adjudged amongst top five in world". The Hindu. 17 February 2010. Retrieved 17 February 2010. 
  49. ^ "Hyderabad airport ranked 5th best in the world!". rediff.com. February 18, 2010. Retrieved 4 April 2012. 
  50. ^ "Lufthansa Cargo to use GMR Hyderabad airport as pharmaceuticals hub". The Hindu. 26 May 2011. Retrieved 16 July 2011. 
  51. ^ "Hyderabad's RGIA to be a key base for SpiceJet's Q-400 operations". spicejet.com. 8 April 2011. Archived from the original on 11 October 2011. Retrieved 6 October 2011. 
  52. ^ "Award for airport". The Hindu. 30 October 2009. Retrieved 30 October 2009. 
  53. ^ a b "Another ORR stretch to be ready soon". Times of India. 11 December 2010. Retrieved 11 December 2010. 
  54. ^ "Expressway behind schedule". The Hindu. 23 January 2008. Retrieved 19 October 2011. 
  55. ^ "HIAL Awards Airport Shuttles". gmrgroup.in. 13 December 2007. Retrieved 7 October 2011. 

External links[edit]