Transport in Madagascar

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Railways on Madagascar.svg

The northern railway (TCE) is concessioned to Madarail. The southern line, Fianarantsoa-Côte-Est railway (FCE), is a parastatal line.

total: 875 km (544 mi)
narrow gauge: 875 km (544 mi) 1.000-m gauge (2006969)

There are two unconnected systems. (see picture at right)——>


  • Continuous Brakes: The pad rubs against the wheel, creating friction which stops the train.
  • Couplers: Centre buffer and two side hooks and chains.[1]

Cities served by rail[edit]


total: 49,837 km (30,967 mi)
paved: 5,781 km (3,648 mi)
unpaved: 44,056 km (27,375 mi) (1996 est.)

Routes Nationales (National roads)[edit]

Number Length (km) Runs through Condition
N1 149 AntananarivoAnalavoryTsiroanomandidyBelobaka parts are paved
N1b 94 AnalavoryBabetvilleTsiroanomandidy
N2 367 AntananarivoToamasina paved, good condition
N3 91 AntananarivoAnjozorobeLake Alaotra paved
N3a 180 Lake AlaotraAndilamena paved, good condition
N3b 106 SambavaAndapa paved, good condition
N4 AntananarivoMahajanga paved
N5 402 ToamasinaMaroantsetra first 160 paved, remaining: unpaved in bad condition
N5a 406 AmbilobeAntalaha unpaved between AmbilobeVohemar

remaining paved, in good condition

N6 727 AntsirananaAmbondromamy paved
N7 AntananarivoTulear paved, good condition
N8 198 MorondavaBelo-sur-TsiribihinaBekopaka unpaved
N8a 119 MaintiranoAntsalova
N9 382 TuléarBevoayManjaMandabe unpaved
N10 512 AndranovoryBelohaAmbovombe unpaved
N11 103 MananjaryNosy Varika unpaved, bad condition
N11a 125 junction RN2Vatomandry

Ilaka AtsinanaMahanoro

partly paved
N12 300 IrondroManakaraFarafanganaVangaindrano paved, partly in bad condition
N12a 238 Tôlanaro (Fort Dauphin)MananteninaVangaindrano unpaved, bad condition
N13 506 IhosyAmbovombeTôlanaro (Fort Dauphin) unpaved between IhosyAmbovombe, paved but bad condition from AmbovombeTôlanaro (Fort Dauphin)
N22 38 Fenoarivo Atsinanana (Fénérive)Vavatenina mostly paved
N24 45 MananjaryVohilava, Mananjary unpaved
N25 161 AmbohimahasoaIrondroMananjary partly paved, partly unpaved in bad condition
N27 275 IhosyIvohibeFarafangana largely unpaved
N31 129 AntsohihyBealanana mostly paved
N32 200 AntsohihyMandritsara unpaved
N33 340 AmbatondrazakaAmbondromamy unpaved
N34 368 AntsirabeMiandrivazoMalaimbandy AntsirabeMiandrivazo: paved; MiandrivazoMalaimbandy: unpaved
N35 460 AmbositraMalaimbandyMorondava paved, bad condition
N41 AmbositraFandriana
N43 AnalavoryAmpefySoavinandrianaAmbohibarySambaina paved
N44 MoramangaAmbatondrazakaImerimandroso partly paved
N55 78 BevoayMorombe unpaved

The majority of "paved" roads outside the capital can no longer be considered so due to heavy use, erosion and lack of maintenance. Due to excessive rainfall in the regions, land slides have depleted roads.[citation needed]


Of local importance only; isolated streams and small portions of Lakandranon' Ampangalana (Canal des Pangalanes) navigated by pirogue. Coastal inter-city transport routes, especially on the west coast.

Ports and harbors[edit]

Antsiranana, Mahajanga, Toamasina, Toliara, Port d'Ehola (Tôlanaro). The country's principal cargo port is Toamasina Autonomous Port.[2]

Merchant marine[edit]

total: 13 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 24,819 GRT/34,173 tonnes deadweight (DWT)
ships by type: cargo 7, chemical tanker 1, liquified gas 1, petroleum tanker 2, roll-on/roll-off 2 (1999 est.)

Airports - with paved runways[edit]

Main international airport in Madagascar is Ivato International Airport (Antananarivo).

For other airports see: List of airports in Madagascar.

total: 29
over 3,047 m: 1
2,438 to 3,047 m: 2
1,524 to 2,437 m: 4
914 to 1,523 m: 20
under 914 m: 2 (1999 est.)

Airports - with unpaved runways[edit]

total: 104
1,524 to 2,437 m: 3
914 to 1,523 m: 59
under 914 m: 42 (1999 est.)

See also[edit]

External links[edit]