Transport in Madurai

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Madurai has well-developed transport facilities. Modes of transport in Madurai include road, rail and air. Madurai faces increasing daily traffic problems, so master plans have been prepared to reduce the city traffic and traffic problems in suburbs.[example needed]

Mattuthavani High Road

Road[edit]

Madurai is located south of Tamil Nadu. It is the third largest city in Tamil Nadu and connects the southern districts to northern districts in Tamil Nadu, and is also the major transport city in Tamil Nadu. The floating population is much heavier in the city during the day time. Most of the people from southern districts visit for medical, educational, marketing, cargo, shopping, tourism or official purposes. Day by day Madurai city faces more traffic problems. It is the one of the important traffic circles in Tamil Nadu.

M.G.R. Bus Stand

There are 12,754 registered three-wheeled vehicles called auto rickshaws, which are commercially available for renting within the city.[1] In addition to the government operated city buses that are used for public transport, there are 236 registered private mini-buses that support local transportation.[1] Madurai connects with the following major national highways;

Road No Route
National Highway 7 Kanyakumari - Tirunelveli - Madurai City - Salem - Bengaluru - Varanasi
National Highway 45 B Thoothukudi - Madurai - Trichy - Viluppuram - Chennai (Grand southern Trunk Road)
National Highway 49 Rameswaram - Thiruppuvanam - Madurai - Kochi
National Highway 85 Thondi - Sivagangai - Madurai - Theni - Kochi (Point Highway)
National Highway 208 Madurai - Rajapalayam - Tenkasi - Sengottai - Kollam
M.G.R. Bus Stand High Road

The state highways passing through the city are SH-32, SH-33 and SH-72, which connect various parts of Madurai district.[2] Madurai is one of the seven circles of the Tamil Nadu State Highway network,[2] is the headquarters of the Tamil Nadu State Transport Corporation (Madurai) and provides local and inter-city bus transport across four districts, namely Madurai, Dindigul, Theni, Virudhunagar, .[3]

City bus service[edit]

Madurai city has major city bus stands and originating terminals such as;

Madurai city has the best city bus service second only to Chennai. The major city areas are connected by Madurai city bus service. Most of the buses, like Ashok leyland and TATA Marcopolo, are equipped with LED Displays and some of the Pseudo SLF buses are equipped with GPS which announce the bus stopings for passengers. The city buses are available during day time, but some important areas have city bus services all day long.

Mofussil Bus service[edit]

Madurai has two important mofussil bus terminus;

Mattuthavani Bus Terminus (officially M.G.R. Bus Stand)[edit]

Mattuthavani Bus Terminus is an ISO 9001:2000 certified integrated mofussil bus stand in the city of Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India and it is the second largest bus terminus in Tamil Nadu. It is the second busiest mofussil bus terminus in Tamil Nadu after CMBT. The bus station was built at the cost of R100 million.[1] After the successful launch of this new bus stand, more mofussil buses are being operated to the southern districts of Tirunelveli, Thoothukudi, Virudhunagar, Kanyakumari, Ramanathapuram, Sivaganga and Northern districts like Chennai, Vellore, Trichy, Viluppuram, Perambalur, Pudukkottai, Kumbakonam Thanjavur, Tiruvarur, Nagapattinam, Cuddalore, Tiruvannamalai from the station.

M.G.R. Bus Stand Entrance
M.G.R. Bus Stand
M.G.R. Bus Stand 2nd & 3rd Platform
Platform Bus Route
1 Chennai, Bengaluru, Mysuru, Tirupati, Kochi, Pondicherry, Thiruvananthapuram and other interstate buses (SETC)
2 Tiruchirappalli, Cuddalore, Tiruvannamalai, Viluppuram, Ariyalur, Perambalur, Vellore, Neyveli TS, Natham
3 Sivagangai, Thanjavur, Kumbakonam, Mayiladuthurai, Nagapattinam, Vedaranyam, Tiruvarur, Chidambaram, Pudukottai, Karnataka state buses
4 Karaikudi, Devakottai, Aranthangi, Pattukottai, Ponnamaravathi, Melur
5 Ramanathapuram, Rameshwaram, Paramakudi, Kamuthi, Kilakarai, Kerala state buses
6 Rajapalayam, Tenkasi, Srivilliputhur, Sankarankoil, Sengottai, Papanasam, Kadayanallur
7 Thoothukudi, Tiruchendur, Aruppukkottai, Sivakasi, Sattur, Virudhunagar, Vilathikulam
8 Tirunelveli, Kanyakumari, Nagercoil, Kovilpatti, Nanguneri, Valliyur

Aarapalayam bus Terminus[edit]

This is another important bus stand in Madurai. Some of the city buses operating here are Coimbatore region and Salem region. The cities like Dindigul, Theni, Coimbatore, Tirupur, Erode, Ooty, Palani, Salem, Oddanchatram, Karur, Dharmapuri, Hosur, Kodaikanal and Pollachi.

In Arapalayam Bus Terminus there are 10 tracks are used to handle the mofussil buses

Upcoming: Because the size of a bus Terminus and located inside the city & increase in number of bus ply, this Bus Terminus always seems congested. So City corporation is planned to set up BUS PORT near upcoming AIIMS .In future Arapalayam Bus Terminus is moved out of city to decongest the city traffic.

Track Bus Route
1 Periyakulam, Batlagundu, Kodaikanal
2 Theni, Bodinayakkanur
3 Cumbum, Kumily, Thevaram, Uthamapalayam, Thekkadi, Theni
4 Bit line ( Free Pass )
5 Erode, Sathyamangalam
6 Dindigul
7 Salem,Dharmapuri, Karur, Namakkal
8 Oddanchatram, Palani, Pollachi, Coimbatore (Ukkadam)
9 Oddanchatram, Coimbatore
10 Oddanchatram,Tirupur

Rail[edit]

Madurai Junction railway station is one of the major railway junctions in south India and the headquarters of Madurai railway division. It is well connected with all major cities in India. Madurai division is the second largest by revenue in Southern Railway. It is one of the A1 graded stations in the Southern Railway (railway stations which earn of Rs. 50Cr p.a will get an A1 Grade). Madurai has two terminals;

  • Madurai Junction railway station (Passenger handling)
  • Koodal Nagar railway station (Goods handling)
Building having a portico and pillared halls
Madurai Junction, the main railway station of Madurai

Madurai Junction is an important railway junction in southern Tamil Nadu and constitutes a separate division of the Southern Railway.[4] It is the second largest revenue division in Southern railway next to the Chennai division. There are direct trains from Madurai connecting important cities in India like Chennai, Mumbai, New Delhi, Bangalore, Hyderabad, Trivandrum, Coimbatore, Kollam, Kanyakumari, Trichy, Tirunelveli, Rameswaram, Thanjavur, Kumbakonam, Vijaywada, Calcutta, Nagpur, and Bhopal.[5] The state government announced a monorail project for Madurai in 2011, which is in its planning stages.[6]

Railway lines in Madurai Junction[edit]

Line No. Towards Passing through Station Type / Track
1 Chennai Egmore Dindigul Junction, Trichirappalli Junction Broad, Electrified - Double Track
2 Kanyakumari Virdhunagar Junction, Tirunelveli Junction Broad, Electrified - Single Track
3 Rameshwaram Manamadurai Junction, Ramanathapuram Broad, Single Track
4 Bodinayakannur Usilampatti, Theni Broad - Under Conversion
5 Thoothukudi Arupukottai Broad - Under Survey ( Proposed )
6 Karaikudi Melur, Thirupathur Broad - Under survey ( Proposed )

Suburban railway stations in Madurai[edit]

Madurai Junction Name Board
Sl No. Station Name Station Code
1 Kudalnagar KON
2 Samayanallur SER
3 Thirupparagundram TDN
4 Thirumangalam TMQ
5 Madurai East MES
6 Silaimaan ILA
7 Vadapalanji VAJ
8 Keelakyuilkudi KKY
9 Sholavandhan SDN

Air[edit]

A view of the Madurai International Airport

Madurai International Airport (IATA: IXM, ICAO: VOMD) is a customs airport serving Madurai in the state of Tamil Nadu. The airport is located about 12 km (7.5 mi) from the Madurai railway station. The airport was established in 1956 and is one of the most important airports in Tamil Nadu. It offers domestic flight services to major cities in India and international flights to Colombo, Sri Lanka began on 20 September 2012.[7] Now, it also offers services to Dubai and Singapore. Air India Express, IndiGo, Air India and SpiceJet operate from the airport.[8] The airport handled 520,000 passengers between April 2011 and March 2012.[9][10][11]

Terminals[edit]

The airport has two adjacent terminals. Currently the integrated terminal is being used for both international and domestic purposes. The Airports Authority of India is planning to convert the old terminal into a cargo complex.[12]

Passenger terminal[edit]

As the part of modernising 35 non-metropolitan airports, AAI constructed a state-of-art new integrated passenger terminal adjacent to the old terminal. The 1.29 billion (US$19 million) new integrated passenger terminal building was inaugurated on 12 September 2010. A total of 610 acres (250 ha) of land is under acquisition for the expansion of the runway to 12,500 ft (3,800 m) to accommodate large jet aircraft.[13] This terminal with an area of 17,560 m2 (189,000 sq ft) can handle a passenger capacity of 250 each on arrival and departure.[14][15] The airport parking area has the capacity to park 375 cars and 10 buses.[16] Some of the features of the new terminal include:[17]

  • 16 Check-in counters
  • 12 Immigration counters
  • 1 Security counter
  • 5 customs counters
  • 3 Conveyor belts (47 m (154 ft) each)
  • 2 X-ray scanners for baggage
  • 105 CISF strength
  • Total aircraft stands = 7
    • 1 B767-400
    • 1 A310-300
    • 3 B737-800W/A320-200
    • 2 ATR 72–500.[17]

The new terminal has two lounges, a VIP lounge managed by AAI and the Commercial Important persons (CIP) lounge managed by TNCC-Madurai.[18]

Cargo terminal[edit]

Considering the growing cargo potential in Madurai International Airport, AAI has decided to modify the old terminal into a full-fledged cargo complex.[12] To start with, the union finance ministry has issued customs notifications dated 28 May 2013 regarding the handling of cargo at the Madurai International Airport.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
Air IndiaChennai, Mumbai
IndiGoChennai, Delhi, Goa, Pune
SpiceJetChennai, Colombo, Delhi, Dubai–International, Goa, Hyderabad, Mumbai
SriLankanColombo

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Regional Transport Office – Registered commercial vehicles in Tamil Nadu.
  2. ^ a b Highways Circle of Highways Department, Tamil Nadu.
  3. ^ Tamil Nadu State Transport Corporation (Madurai) Limited 2011.
  4. ^ Southern Railway Madurai division.
  5. ^ Train Running Information.
  6. ^ ibnlive & 6 June 2011.
  7. ^ The Hindu & 29 August 2012.
  8. ^ Airports Authority of India – Madurai Airport.
  9. ^ Air traffic statistics.
  10. ^ International Air traffic movement.
  11. ^ International Air freight movement.
  12. ^ a b Land acquisition for Madurai airport soon - Times Of India
  13. ^ "New airport terminal to boost industrial growth". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 21 September 2010.
  14. ^ AAI Magazine[permanent dead link] pg 13
  15. ^ "Airports Authority of India". Aai.aero. 6 January 2011. Archived from the original on 20 February 2013. Retrieved 29 January 2012.
  16. ^ "Legislators, tour operators demand international flights from Madurai". NDTV.com. 29 April 2012. Retrieved 25 July 2012.
  17. ^ a b Airports Authority of India Archived 20 February 2013 at the Wayback Machine
  18. ^ "Cities / Madurai : CIP lounge taken on lease". The Hindu. 23 January 2012. Retrieved 29 January 2012.