Transport in Nepal
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Nepal is a landlocked mountainous country where transportation is difficult due to the terrain.
Road is the country's primary transport mode.
- Total: 13,223 km
- Paved: 4,073 km
- Unpaved: 9,150 km (1999 est.)
There are two railway lines in the country: the Raxaul–Sirsiya and the Jainagar–Janakpur. The former is a 6 km (3.7 mi) line from Raxaul, India to Sirsiya Inland Container Depot (or dry port) near Birganj, Nepal, and is primarily used for freight transport. It allows container traffic to be imported to Nepal through the Sirsiya dry port container depot. The latter is a 28 km (17 mi) line from Jaynagar, India to Janakpur, Nepal, and is used primarily for passenger transport.
Nepal and India had agreed to construct railway line linking Raxaul with Kathmandu during Prime Minister KP Oli's visit to India. A team of technical officers visited Kathmandu to study the proposed railway from Raxaul to Kathmandu and they have stated that a feasibility study of the project would begin. They have already identified Chobhar as the terminus of the 113 km-long line. 
A line through Kathmandu, linking India with Lhasa in Tibet, has been proposed by the K.P. Oli government. In November 2017, Chinese media reported the arrival of a delegation of Chinese railway experts in Nepal. They discussed the possibility of a rail connection between China and Nepal. In August 2018, the two sides reached an agreement on construction details of the railway.
Airports with paved runways
- Total: 9
- Over 3,047 m: 1
- 1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
- 914 to 1,523 m: 7 (2002)
Airports with unpaved runways
- Total: 36
- 1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
- 914 to 1,523 m: 7
- Under 914 m: 28 (2002)
Nepal is a landlocked country with no ocean borders.
Nepal's three dry "ports" are Birgunj, Biratnagar and Bhairahawa.
- "Nepal Railway Assessment". Retrieved 4 August 2018.
- "Introduction". customs.gov.np. Department of Customs dryport office, Government of Nepal. Retrieved 3 December 2017.
- "India And Nepal To Speed Up Raxaul-Kathmandu Rail Project". 11 July 2018. Retrieved 4 August 2018.
- "DoR says land acquisition a major hurdle". www.kathmandupost.ekantipur.com. Kantipur Publications. 24 July 2018. Retrieved 16 August 2018.
- 中方铁路代表团赴尼泊尔开展铁路调研 (A team of Chinese railway representatives visit Nepal to initiate a railway study), 2017-11-14
- Giri, A; Giri, S (24 August 2018). "Nepal, China agree on rail study". The Kathmandu Post. Retrieved 22 September 2018.
- "Nepal in talks with China to build $8 bn cross-border rail link". Times of India. May 14, 2017. Archived from the original on 2017-09-01. Cite uses deprecated parameter
- "Transportation in Nepal : Roadways, Airways, Railways, Waterways, Ropeways". ImNepal.com. 2016-09-15. Retrieved 2017-11-08.