Transport in Nepal

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Nepal is a landlocked mountainous country where transportation is difficult due to the terrain.


Road is the country's primary transport mode.


  • Total: 13,223 km
  • Paved: 4,073 km
  • Unpaved: 9,150 km (1999 est.)


There are two railway lines in the country: the RaxaulSirsiya and the JainagarJanakpur. The former is a 6 km (3.7 mi) line from Raxaul, India to Sirsiya Inland Container Depot (or dry port) near Birganj, Nepal, and is primarily used for freight transport.[1] It allows container traffic to be imported to Nepal through the Sirsiya dry port container depot.[2] The latter is a 28 km (17 mi) line from Jaynagar, India to Janakpur, Nepal, and is used primarily for passenger transport.[3]

Nepal and India had agreed to construct railway line linking Raxaul with Kathmandu during Prime Minister KP Oli's visit to India.[4] A team of technical officers visited Kathmandu to study the proposed railway from Raxaul to Kathmandu and they have stated that a feasibility study of the project would begin. They have already identified Chobhar as the terminus of the 113 km-long line. [5]

A line through Kathmandu, linking India with Lhasa in Tibet, has been proposed by the K.P. Oli government. In November 2017, Chinese media reported the arrival of a delegation of Chinese railway experts in Nepal. They discussed the possibility of a rail connection between China and Nepal.[6] In August 2018, the two sides reached an agreement on construction details of the railway.[7][8]


45 airports operated in Nepal as of 2002. Tribhuvan International Airport in Kathmandu is the only international airport and serves as the main aviation hub.

Airports with paved runways[edit]

  • Total: 9
  • Over 3,047 m: 1
  • 1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
  • 914 to 1,523 m: 7 (2002)

Airports with unpaved runways[edit]

  • Total: 36
  • 1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
  • 914 to 1,523 m: 7
  • Under 914 m: 28 (2002)


Nepal is a landlocked country with no ocean borders.[9]

Nepal's three dry "ports" are Birgunj, Biratnagar and Bhairahawa.


  1. ^ "Nepal Railway Assessment". Retrieved 4 August 2018.
  2. ^ "Introduction". Department of Customs dryport office, Government of Nepal. Retrieved 3 December 2017.
  3. ^
  4. ^ "India And Nepal To Speed Up Raxaul-Kathmandu Rail Project". 11 July 2018. Retrieved 4 August 2018.
  5. ^ "DoR says land acquisition a major hurdle". Kantipur Publications. 24 July 2018. Retrieved 16 August 2018.
  6. ^ 中方铁路代表团赴尼泊尔开展铁路调研 (A team of Chinese railway representatives visit Nepal to initiate a railway study), 2017-11-14
  7. ^ Giri, A; Giri, S (24 August 2018). "Nepal, China agree on rail study". The Kathmandu Post. Retrieved 22 September 2018.
  8. ^ "Nepal in talks with China to build $8 bn cross-border rail link". Times of India. May 14, 2017. Archived from the original on 2017-09-01. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  9. ^ "Transportation in Nepal : Roadways, Airways, Railways, Waterways, Ropeways". 2016-09-15. Retrieved 2017-11-08.

 This article incorporates public domain material from the CIA World Factbook document "2003 edition".