Transport in Nottingham
Nottingham is the seventh largest conurbation in the United Kingdom. Despite this, the city had a poor transportation system in the 1980s. Due to this, the government has in the early twenty-first century invested a lot of money in the transportation network of Nottingham, which has led to the re-opening of the Robin Hood Line and the construction of a light rail network, Nottingham Express Transit.
The first railway station in Nottingham opened in 1839. It was opened by the Midland Counties Railway and was built on Carrington Street. It was served by trains to Derby. By 1848, the station was too small and a new through station was built in Nottingham by the Midland Railway (which was formed when the Midland Counties Railway merged with two other companies). New destinations such as Lincoln received direct service to Nottingham.
In 1900, the Manchester, Sheffield and Lincolnshire Railway opened Nottingham Victoria station, as part of their new line to London which they were building. The station was served by Great Central services to Marylebone station in London. The Great Northern Railway also used the station.
In 1904, the Midland Railway closed their station in Nottingham and opened a new one, Nottingham Midland station, which is still open today.
In the 1967, Nottingham Victoria station, which like the rest of the Great Central main line, had been becoming run down and was suffering from lack of services, was closed. Nottingham Arkwright Street railway station, also on the Great Central main line, closed in 1969.
There are currently services from Nottingham operated by East Midlands Trains to London, Leeds, Sheffield, Liverpool, York, Doncaster and Scarborough. Most trains run on the Midland Main Line. East Midlands Trains also operate local services. CrossCountry operate services to Cardiff via Birmingham and Bristol.
Robin Hood Line
The Robin Hood Line is a railway line running from Nottingham to Worksop, Nottinghamshire. It was closed to passengers following the Beeching cuts in the 1960s. However, it was reopened to passengers in stages between 1993 and 1998.
There are plans to redevelop the station which include more shops and Nottingham Express Transit trams running over the top of the station. There are also plans to bring High Speed 2 rail services to Nottingham and the East Midlands by constructing a parkway station (called the East Midlands Hub) at Toton.
The Nottingham and District Tramways Company Limited began operating horse-drawn trams in Nottingham in 1878. A steam tram service began in 1880. In 1898, the Nottingham Corporation Tramways took over the existing tramways. Electric trams were introduced from 1901, and the last horse tram ran in 1902. The tram network in Nottingham was replaced between 1926 and 1936 by a combination of the Nottingham trolleybus system and a fleet of motor buses.
Nottingham Express Transit
Nottingham Express Transit (NET) is a light-rail system. The first line opened on 9 March 2004, having cost £200 million to construct. The scheme took 16 years from conception to implementation. There is currently only one line, which has two branches. The line is fourteen kilometres long, of which four kilometres is on street. Some of the line runs parallel to the Robin Hood Line. Tickets can be bought at major stations or from a conductor on the tram.
There are two more lines of Nottingham Express Transit planned. Line 2, the Clifton route will serve the south of the city. Line 3 will serve the south west of the city.
Nottingham benefits from a network of traffic free cycle routes, these include:
The Derby-Sheffield section of Route 6 of the National Cycle Network passes by University of Nottingham, Queen's Medical Centre continuing on through Wollaton and Bulwell. Route 15 of the National Cycle Network from Nottingham to Sleaford starts from Trent Bridge and passes by Holme Pierrepont National Watersports Centre, continuing on through Radcliffe on Trent and Bingham. The Big Track is a circular cycle route which follows the tow paths of the River Trent, Beeston Canal and Nottingham Canal. National Cycle Routes passing through Nottingham are maintained by volunteers from Sustrans. Cyclists in the Nottingham area are represented by Pedals (The Nottingham Cycling Campaign).
East Midlands Airport in Leicestershire, served by low-cost international airlines, makes the city easily accessible from other parts of the world providing daily services to many principal European destinations such as Paris, Frankfurt, Berlin, Oslo and Amsterdam, internal flights to Edinburgh and Belfast and limited services to transcontinental destinations such as Barbados, Mexico and Sanford, Florida. Nearby Robin Hood Airport Doncaster Sheffield also provides domestic European and transatlantic services. Birmingham International Airport is about one hour's drive away and 2 hours 15 minutes on the train, providing flights to most principal European cities, New York, Boston, Toronto, Montreal, Dubai and the Indian sub-continent.
Bus usage in Nottingham is increasing. Nottingham City Transport (NCT) operate the majority of bus services in the city. NCT was the first transport operator in the UK to use RFID technology for its EasyRider bus passes, introduced in 2000.
The two operators are also frequent winners of the National Bus Operator of the Year award. Also a growing company: yourbus. NCT and Trent Barton have a good relationship and routes are designed so they are not competing against each other. Using a Kangaroo day ticket makes it possible to use buses from both operators in a single day.
All operators issue single journey tickets and day tickets which can be used on all the services that operator runs. The Kangaroo day ticket which allows travel on any bus, tram or local train service within the Nottingham area.
Jim Mortell of Taxi Licensing at Nottingham City Council said "The City Council has a team of uniformed late-night enforcement officers and non-uniformed enforcement officers working to detect any instances of drivers plying for hire illegally. This includes private hire drivers picking up passengers who have not pre-booked, and any drivers not licensed to work within Nottingham City."