Transport in Pune
Pune is a city in the western part of India, in the state of Maharashtra and is roughly 160 km east of Mumbai. It has winding roads, many of which follow the natural slopes of the mountainous terrain and end at the rivers feeding the city. As the city expanded in an unorganized fashion, a large number of roads were built around the central portion of the city, including the major highways which link the city to other parts of the country. The city is well connected to the other parts of state and India by road, rail and air.
Pune is well-connected to other cities by Indian highways and state highways. National Highway 4 (NH 4) connects it to Mumbai, Bangalore and Kolhapur. NH 9 to Hyderabad, and NH 50 to Nashik. State highways connect it to Ahmednagar, Aurangabad, and Alandi.
Pune is served by few highways: Old Mumbai–Pune Highway and Pune-Satara Highway, both which are part of National Highway 4, and Dehu Road–Katraj bypass. The Nashik City-Pune Highway NH 50 will be part of the golden triangle (Nashik-Pune-Mumbai). The Pune-Solapur highway is part of Pune-Hyderabad Highway
The Mumbai-Pune Expressway, India's first six-lane high-speed expressway, was built in 2002, and has reduced travel time between Pune and Mumbai to almost two hours. A ring road is being planned for the convenience of heavy traffic.
Public buses within the city and its suburbs are operated by the Pune Mahanagar Parivahan Mahamandal Limited (PMPML). The PMPML operates the Rainbow Bus Rapid Transit System system, the first of its kind in India, in which dedicated bus lanes were supposed to allow buses to travel quickly through the city. In reality the project has turned out to be a failure receiving little to no patronage from the local citizenry.
Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporation runs buses, popularly known as ST (State Transport), from its main stations in Shivajinagar, Pune Station and Swargate to all major cities and towns in Maharashtra and neighbouring states. Private companies too run buses to major cities throughout India.
An MSRTC bus
The city's main railway station is Pune Railway Station. The station is administrated by the Pune Railway Division of the Central Railways. Apart from this, there are many stations within the urban area.
Daily express trains connect Pune to Mumbai, Hyderabad, Delhi, Nagpur, Kanpur, Howrah, Jammu Tawi, Chennai, Bangalore, Goa, Varanasi, Patna, and Jamshedpur. At Pune, there is diesel locomotive shed and electric trip shed.
Pune Suburban Railway
Pune Suburban Railway is a suburban rail system connecting Pune to its suburbs and neighboring villages in Pune District, Maharashtra. It is operated by Central Railway. Pune's suburban railway operates on two routes, i.e. from Pune Junction to Lonavla and from Pune Junction to Talegaon. There are 5 trains which operate on Pune Junction - Talegaon route while 18 trains operate on Pune Junction - Lonavla route.
Pune Metro is a currently under construction rapid transit system to serve the cities of Pune and Pimpri-Chinchwad. As of March 2018, Line 1 (Pimpri-Chinchwad - Swargate) and Line 2 (Vanaz - Ramwadi) with a combined length of 31.25 km are being constructed by Maharashtra Metro Rail Corporation Limited (MahaMetro), a 50:50 joint venture of the State and Central Governments. MahaMetro expects these two lines to be operational by 2021. Line 3, which will cover a distance of 23.3 km between Hinjewadi and Shivajinagar, has been approved by the State and Central Governments. The Pune Metropolitan Region Development Authority (PMRDA) will implement the project on a public–private partnership (PPP) basis, for which it has shortlisted three companies: Tata Realty and Siemens, IRB in consoritum with Chinese and Malaysian companies, and IL&FS. The bidding for Line 3 is expected by June 2018. All three lines will align at the Civil Court interchange station.
Pune Airport is an international airport at Lohegaon, operated by the Airports Authority of India. It shares its runways with the neighbouring Indian Air Force base. In addition to domestic flights to all major Indian cities, this airport serves international direct flights to Dubai (operated by Air India Express) and to Frankfurt (operated by Lufthansa).
Chhatrapati Sambhaji Raje International Airport is a proposed greenfield international airport to serve the city of Pune, India. The airport will be located near the villages of Ambodi, Sonori, Kumbharvalan, Ekhatpur-Munjawadi, Khanwadi, Pargaon Memane, Rajewadi, Aamble, Tekwadi, Vanpuri, Udachiwadi, Singapur near Saswad and Jejuri in Purandar taluka of Pune District in the Indian state of Maharashtra.
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