Transport in Pune

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Pune is a city in the western part of India, in the state of Maharashtra and is roughly 160 km east of Mumbai. It has winding roads, many of which follow the natural slopes of the mountainous terrain and end at the rivers feeding the city. As the city expanded in an unorganized fashion, a large number of roads were built around the central portion of the city, including the major highways which link the city to other parts of the country. The city is well connected to the other parts of state and India by road, rail and air.

Road[edit]

The Mumbai Pune Expressway, India's first Expressway, as seen from Khandala

Pune is well-connected to other cities by Indian highways and state highways. National Highway 4 (NH 4) connects it to Mumbai, Bangalore and Kolhapur. NH 9 to Hyderabad, and NH 50 to Nashik. State highways connect it to Ahmednagar, Aurangabad, and Alandi.

Pune is served by few highways: Old Mumbai–Pune Highway and Pune-Satara Highway, both which are part of National Highway 4, and Dehu Road–Katraj bypass. The Nashik City-Pune Highway NH 50 will be part of the golden triangle (Nashik-Pune-Mumbai). The Pune-Solapur highway is part of Pune-Hyderabad Highway

The Mumbai-Pune Expressway, India's first six-lane high-speed expressway, was built in 2002, and has reduced travel time between Pune and Mumbai to almost two hours. A ring road is being planned for the convenience of heavy traffic.[1]

Bus[edit]

Public buses within the city and its suburbs are operated by the Pune Mahanagar Parivahan Mahamandal Limited (PMPML). The PMPML operates the Rainbow Bus Rapid Transit System system, the first of its kind in India, in which dedicated bus lanes were supposed to allow buses to travel quickly through the city. In reality the project has turned out to be a failure receiving little to no patronage from the local citizenry.[2]

Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporation runs buses, popularly known as ST (State Transport), from its main stations in Shivajinagar, Pune Station and Swargate to all major cities and towns in Maharashtra and neighbouring states. Private companies too run buses to major cities throughout India.[3]

Rail[edit]

The city's main railway station is Pune Railway Station. The station is administrated by the Pune Railway Division of the Central Railways.[4] Apart from this, there are many stations within the urban area.

Daily express trains connect Pune to Mumbai, Hyderabad, Delhi, Nagpur, Kanpur, Howrah, Jammu Tawi, Chennai, Bangalore, Goa, Varanasi, Patna, and Jamshedpur. At Pune, there is diesel locomotive shed and electric trip shed.[5]

Pune Suburban Railway[edit]

A suburban train on the Pune - Lonavla route

Pune Suburban Railway is a suburban rail system connecting Pune to its suburbs and neighboring villages in Pune District, Maharashtra. It is operated by Central Railway. Pune's suburban railway operates on two routes, i.e. from Pune Junction to Lonavla and from Pune Junction to Talegaon. There are 5 trains which operate on Pune Junction - Talegaon route while 18 trains operate on Pune Junction - Lonavla route.[6]

Pune Metro[edit]

Pune Metro is a currently under construction rapid transit system to serve the cities of Pune and Pimpri-Chinchwad. As of March 2018, Line 1 (Pimpri-Chinchwad - Swargate) and Line 2 (Vanaz - Ramwadi) with a combined length of 31.25 km are being constructed by Maharashtra Metro Rail Corporation Limited (MahaMetro), a 50:50 joint venture of the State and Central Governments.[7] MahaMetro expects these two lines to be operational by 2021.[8] Line 3, which will cover a distance of 23.3 km between Hinjewadi and Shivajinagar, has been approved by the State and Central Governments. The Pune Metropolitan Region Development Authority (PMRDA) will implement the project on a public–private partnership (PPP) basis, for which it has shortlisted three companies: Tata Realty and Siemens, IRB in consoritum with Chinese and Malaysian companies, and IL&FS.[9] The bidding for Line 3 is expected by June 2018.[9] All three lines will align at the Civil Court interchange station.[10][11]

Air[edit]

Pune Airport is an international airport at Lohegaon, operated by the Airports Authority of India. It shares its runways with the neighbouring Indian Air Force base.[12] In addition to domestic flights to all major Indian cities, this airport serves international direct flights to Dubai (operated by Air India Express)[13] and to Frankfurt (operated by Lufthansa).[14]

Chhatrapati Sambhaji Raje International Airport is a proposed greenfield international airport to serve the city of Pune, India. The airport will be located near the villages of Ambodi, Sonori, Kumbharvalan, Ekhatpur-Munjawadi, Khanwadi, Pargaon Memane, Rajewadi, Aamble, Tekwadi, Vanpuri, Udachiwadi, Singapur near Saswad and Jejuri in Purandar taluka of Pune District in the Indian state of Maharashtra.[15]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "PCMC grants Rs 6 crore for ring road project". The Times of India. 19 June 2003.
  2. ^ Manish Umbrajkar (5 March 2009). "2 years on, country's first BRTS remains incomplete". Times of India.
  3. ^ "Maharashtra State Road Transport". IndiaTransit.com. Archived from the original on 4 September 2012. Retrieved 5 March 2010.
  4. ^ "Welcome to Central Railways" (in Hindi). Central Railways. Archived from the original on 5 July 2011.
  5. ^ "Accolades for Pune division of Central Railway". The Indian Express. 21 April 2009.
  6. ^ New trains from Pune and change in suburban service for administration by central railways
  7. ^ "Pune metro rail project gets go-ahead from Centre - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 12 March 2018.
  8. ^ "Pune Metro to operate at full steam in 2021, says Maha-Metro chief". hindustantimes.com/. 14 February 2018. Retrieved 12 March 2018.
  9. ^ a b "Hinjewadi-Shivajinagar Metro gets Centre funds - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 11 March 2018.
  10. ^ "Central government approves Shivajinagar-Hinjewadi Metro corridor on PPP basis". hindustantimes.com/. 7 March 2018. Retrieved 8 March 2018.
  11. ^ "Tech companies keen to stamp their names on Metro stations - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 10 March 2018.
  12. ^ "Pune City". St. Thomas Evangelical Church of India. Archived from the original on 25 August 2011.
  13. ^ "Pune goes global". The Times of India. 13 December 2005. Retrieved 2 March 2010.
  14. ^ Express News Service (1 July 2008). "City gears up for its first all-biz class Frankfurt-Pune flight". The Indian Express. Retrieved 2 March 2010.
  15. ^ "It's official: Pune to get new international airport at Purandar - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 12 March 2018.