Transport in Thiruvananthapuram
The Indian city of Thiruvananthapuram has a well-developed transport infrastructure. The city and its suburbs may be traversed using its road and rail networks. Within the city, city buses, taxis and auto rickshaws provide means of transportation. Scooters, motorcycles and regular bicycles are the favoured means of personal transportation.
The NH-47, which runs from Kanyakumari to Salem, passes through the city. It connects important southern cities such as Kollam, Kochi, Thrissur, Palakkad, Coimbatore and Salem in the north and Nagercoil and Kanyakumari in the south.
The city is also connected with several state highways like SH 1, SH 2, SH 45 etc. The Main Central Road (MC Road) which is the arterial State Highway in Kerala starts from National Highway NH 47 at Kesavadasapuram in the city. It connects Angamaly through Kottayam with the capital city.
The Mahatma Gandhi road is a multi lane road in the City. It is the main arterial road in the city. The main wholesale business district of the city, Chalai Bazaar is situated here. Kerala Government Secretariat, Kerala University etc. is also situated near the road. Another important road is the Kowdiar road which is also known as the royal road, as it leads to the Kowdiar Palace.
The exponential growth of the services and IT-based sectors coupled with its prominence as the state capital and tourist center has caused considerable strain on the transport infrastructure of the city. To ease the strain, several construction projects are underway and completed including the construction of flyovers and under passes. In the first phase, 42 km of six-lane and four-lane dual carriage ways are being built.
The intra-city public transport is dominated by the state-owned KSRTC (Kerala State Road Transport Corporation). There are also private bus services. The city services of KSRTC operate from six depots namely, the City depot, Vikas Bhavan, Peroorkada, Pappanamcode, Kaniyapuram and Vellanad. These services were revamped in 2005 with the introduction of modern buses and electronic ticketing mechanisms.
The central city bus terminal is located at East Fort (Kizhakke kotta), near the Padmanabha Swamy temple. The Central Inter State bus station is located 1 km (1 mi) away at Thampanoor, opposite Trivandrum Central Railway Station. It connects Thiruvananthapuram with other parts of Kerala as well as other states.
But there is no bus service available to the Trivandrum airport from the central city bus terminal.
There are six railway stations within the city limits including the Thiruvananthapuram central station and three stations serves the metropolitan area. Thiruvananthapuram Pettah, Kochuveli railway station, Veli and Kazhakoottam railway stations are located towards north direction and Nemom railway station is located south direction from the central station. The Central railway station is located at Thampanoor in the heart of the city, 8 km from the airport. Kaniyapuram, Balaramapuram and Neyyattinkara railway stations serves the surrounding metropolitan area.
The city is well connected by rail to almost all major cities in India such as New Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Bangalore etc. Kochuveli railway station is developed to ease congestion on central station and it act as satellite station to Thiruvananthapuram Central. Thiruvananthapuram is the first major South Indian city on the longest train route in the India, Kanyakumari to Jammu.
The Thiruvananthapuram Monorail is a proposed monorail system for the city. The monorail is from Pallippuram to Neyyattinkara and will have a length of 41.8 kilometres (26.0 mi). 35 stops have been proposed with multi-storeyed parking lots in the stations.
One of the major advantage of the airport is the flights can be operated on all weather conditions. The airport is approximately 3.7 kilometres (2.3 mi) due west from the city center. Apart from regular scheduled flights, many chartered flights from Europe like First Choice Airways from London Gatwick and Monarch, land here during the peak tourist season (around December) with Kerala fast becoming a prime tourist destination in India. Thiruvananthapuram airport's importance is also due to the fact that it is the southernmost airport in India and also the closest to neighboring countries like Sri Lanka and Maldives.
A new terminal, T3 is inaugurated on 12 February for the operation of international services. It offer three jetways and parking space for 8 aircraft.
A Deep Water Container Trans-shipment Port is under implementation at Vizhinjam. The natural depth of the sea here facilitates the maintenance of deep draft with limited dredging, making it one of the deepest ports in the country. The close proximity to the international shipping lanes between Europe and the Far East increases the potential of the port as a container transshipment terminal.
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