Transport in Uruguay
Uruguayan railways have a total length of 2,835.5 kilometres (1,761.9 mi) (all standard gauge as of 2005). Of those railways, 1,507.8 kilometres (936.9 mi) are in service and 1,327.7 kilometres (825.0 mi) are out of service.
Regular passenger services are operated between Montevideo and 25 de Agosto (63 km) since August 26, 1993 (previously all regular passenger services were withdrawn on January 2, 1988). One daily train was extended to San José (96 km from Montevideo) on January 15, 2007, and other was extended from 25 de Agosto to Florida (109 km from Montevideo) on January 2, 2008. Another line, which operates between Montevideo and Ingeniero Victor Sudriers, was reopened on December 15, 2005 (44 km).
- There is a 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) freight rail connection with Argentina (Argentina) over the Salto Grande Dam
- There is a connection with Brazil (Brazil) which includes freight transshipment because of gauge difference (1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) to 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 3⁄8 in)) at Santana do Livramento.
The state railway administration AFE has announced that starting January, 2010, 419 km of track will be renewed on the Pintado-Rivera section of the central main line and part of the international branch from Rivera to Santana do Livramento, using north of Chamberlain Russian rail given in lieu of a debt. The programme will cost $30m.
- Total roadways: 77,732 kilometres (48,300 mi)
- Paved roadways: 7,743 kilometres (4,811 mi)
- Unpaved: 69,989 kilometres (43,489 mi) (2010)
- R1 Montevideo - Colonia del Sacramento
- R2 Rosario - Mercedes - Fray Bentos, border with Argentina.
- R3 Villa María - Trinidad - Paysandú - Salto - Bella Unión, border with Brazil.
- R5 Montevideo - Canelones - Durazno - Tacuarembó - Rivera, border with Brazil.
- R7 Montevideo - Fray Marcos - Melo
- R8 Montevideo - Minas - Treinta y Tres - Melo - Aceguá, border with Brazil.
- R9 Horno Mulato - Rocha - Chuy, border with Brazil.
- R11 Atlántida - Canelones - Eclida Paullier
- R26 Paysandú, border with Argentina - Tacuarembó - Melo - Río Branco, border with Brazil.
Uruguay has a small network of motorways, owing to the low demand due to sparse population outside the capital. The few highways with 4 lanes are:
- Ruta 1: Montevideo - Colonia del Sacramento. Length: 148 kilometres (92 mi).
- Ruta Interbalnearia: Montevideo - Punta del Este. Length: 120 kilometres (75 mi).
- Ruta Gral. Fructuoso Rivera: Montevideo - Canelones. Length: 36 kilometres (22 mi).
The traditional fuel stations were Ancap, Esso, Shell and Texaco. In 2005-2006, Petrobras bought the 90 Shell stations. In 2006-2007, Ancap bought the 90 Texaco stations. In 2011, Bridas bought the Esso stations but kept the brand.
Ports and harbors
Uruguay has a number of ports and harbors including: Montevideo, Fray Bentos, Nueva Palmira, Paysandú, La Paloma, Juan Lacaze, Carmelo, Conchillas, Salto, Punta del Este, Colonia del Sacramento, Piriápolis, Mercedes.
Uruguay had a total of 94 airfields as of 2012, 11 of which have paved runways. The country is primarily served by the Carrasco International Airport in Montevideo. Handing just over 1.5 million passengers a year, its operating traffic is significantly lighter than others in the region such as Buenos Aires-Ezeiza and São Paulo-Guarulhos.
Airports - with paved runways:
over 3,047 m: 1
1,524 to 2,437 m: 4
914 to 1,523 m: 4
under 914 m: 2 (2012)
Airports - with unpaved runways:
1,524 to 2,437 m: 3
914 to 1,523 m: 27
under 914 m: 53 (2012)
- None; PLUNA ceased operations on July 5, 2012.
As of 2010, Uruguay has 226 km of natural gas pipeline, and 155 km of oil line.