Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century
The United States federal Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century (TEA-21) was a federal transportation bill enacted June 9, 1998, as Public Law 105-178. TEA-21 authorized federal surface transportation programs for highways, highway safety, and transit for the 6-year period 1998-2003. Because Congress could not agree on funding levels, the Act, which had continued past 2003 by means of temporary extensions, was allowed to lapse.
The transportation equity act requires that seven planning factors be included in regional transportation plans. The plans must:
- support the economic vitality of the metropolitan planning area, especially by enabling global competitiveness, productivity and efficiency;
- increase the safety and security of the transportation system for motorized and non-motorized users ;
- increase the accessibility and mobility options available to people and for freight;
- protect and enhance the environment, especially by promoting energy conservation and improving quality of life;
- enhance the integration and connectivity of the transportation system across and between Mode of transportmodes, for people and freight;
- promote efficient system management and operation; and
- emphasize the efficient preservation of existing transportation systems.
Factor 4 was expanded by the Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act (SAFETEA-LU) in 2005 and now reads: "protect and enhance the environment, promote energy conservation, improve the quality of life, and promote consistency between transportation improvements and State and local planned growth and economic development patterns". See 23 USC 135(d)
Section 1211(d) prevents the United States Department of Transportation from requiring state departments of transportation from using the metric system. This has had the effect of delaying metrication in the United States with respect to road construction, though some states had already completely converted.
- JARC (Job Access Reverse Commute)
- Surface Transportation and Uniform Relocation Assistance Act
- Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act (ISTEA, 1991)
- Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users (SAFETEA-LU, 2005)
- Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century Act (MAP-21, 2012)
- "FHWA Memorandum to all State Chief Executive Officers Regarding Metrication Conversion at State Option". 22 October 1998.
- TEA-21 official web site
- National Society of Professional Engineers
- Wired, Washington Fiddles as Infrastructure Crumbles - Retrieved 16 Oct 2009
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