Trapezus or Trapezous (Ancient Greek: Τραπεζοῦς), also known as Trapezuntus or Trapezountos (Τραπεζοῦντος), was a town of ancient Arcadia, in the district Parrhasia, a little to the left of the river Alpheius. It is said to have derived its name from its founder Trapezeus, the son of Lycaon, or from trapeza (τράπεζα, 'a table') because Zeus here overturned the table on which Lycaon offered him human food. It was the royal residence of Hippothous, who transferred the seat of government from Tegea to Trapezus. On the foundation of Megalopolis, in 371 BCE, the inhabitants of Trapezus refused to remove to the new city; and having thus incurred the anger of the other Arcadians, they quitted Peloponnesus, and took refuge in Trapezus on the Pontus Euxeinus (modern Trabzon), where they were received as a kindred people. The statues of some of their gods were removed to Megalopolis, where they were seen by Pausanias.
- Pausanias. Description of Greece. 8.3.2. -3.
- Apollod. 3.8.1.
- Pausanias. Description of Greece. 8.5.4. , 8.27.4-6, 8.29.1, 8.31.5.
- Herodotus. Histories. 6.127.
- Stephanus of Byzantium. Ethnica. s.v.
- Richard Talbert, ed. (2000). Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World. Princeton University Press. p. 58, and directory notes accompanying.
- Lund University. Digital Atlas of the Roman Empire.
- Ancient Trapezounta
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