Trasmoz

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Trasmoz, Spain
Municipality
Trasmoz overall view
Trasmoz overall view
Trasmoz, Spain is located in Spain
Trasmoz, Spain
Trasmoz, Spain
Trasmoz, Spain is located in Aragon
Trasmoz, Spain
Trasmoz, Spain
Location of Tarazona within Spain / Aragon
Coordinates: 41°49′35″N 1°43′25″W / 41.82639°N 1.72361°W / 41.82639; -1.72361Coordinates: 41°49′35″N 1°43′25″W / 41.82639°N 1.72361°W / 41.82639; -1.72361
Country  Spain
Autonomous Community  Aragon
Province Zaragoza
Comarca Tarazona y el Moncayo
Government
 • Mayor Jesús Daniel Andía Berna (PP)
Area
 • Total 18.26 km2 (7.05 sq mi)
Elevation 765 m (2,510 ft)
Population (2016)
 • Total 96
 • Density 5.3/km2 (14/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)

Trasmoz is a village in the province of Zaragoza, Aragon, Spain, with an estimated population of 96.[1]

The town has given rise to numerous legends about witches and sabbaths, some of which were recreated by the romantic writer Gustavo Adolfo Bécquer. It is the only Spanish town officially cursed and excommunicated by the Catholic Church. The excommunication has never been revoked.[2][3]

Trasmoz is a town steeped in witchcraft. Each year, a citizen is a awarded with the distinction "Bruja del Año" (Witch of the year) in recognition of the services for the community,[4] for remembrance, white plaques are installed in the front door of the the awarded persons' house.

History[edit]

Middle Ages[edit]

Trasmoz origin can be tracked back to XII century, when the lordship of Trasmoz was founded, it alternatively belonged to the Kingdom of Navarre and the Kingdom of Aragon until Jaime I, king of Aragón, definitively conquered it in 1232. In 1437 Alfonso V put it under the authority of Don Lope Ximenez de Urrea (I count of Aranda).

Modern Ages[edit]

After the death of Lope, his two sons fight for the Señorío de Trasmoz, finally the youngest, Pedro Manuel Ximenez de Urrea won. Pedro Manuel had a conflict, very close to a civil war, with Veruela Abbey for the irrigation water. The response from the Abbey was a curse and the excommunication of the whole town.

About 1530 the Castle of Trasmoz was abandoned. Afterwards, there was a fire in the tower of homage, and a significant fraction of building materials were reused.

Places of Interest[edit]

Castle of Trasmoz[edit]

It was abandoned on 1530. In 1998 Manuel Jalón Corominas created the "Foundation Castillo de Trasmoz" after purchasing the building. Then the castle was rebuilt.

The floor of the castle is hexagonal, with towers in the vertexes, built between the XIII and XV centuries. The tower of homage is the oldest remain, it is of squared floor, it is located in the center of the castle, formerly it was finished with battlements.

Today, the castle houses the "Museum of Witchery".

Church of Santa María de La Huerta[edit]

The building is of Gothic style (XVI).The oldest part is the arch of the main door where it can be found a Chi-Rho Christogram from the late XIII century.[5]

Nayim's Goal Street[edit]

Named to remember the epic football goal scored by Nayim in the final seconds of extra-time in the 1995 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup Final from 45 yards, it broke the tie, and won the 1995 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup for the Real Zaragoza.[6]

Monument to the mop[edit]

Monument to the mop

Manuel Jalón Coróminas, the Spanish inventor of the mop and its bucket, was a temporary resident in the village. After his death in 2011 a monument to his most celebrated creation was erected by the sculptor Luigi Maráez.

Cycling and Trekking[edit]

Trasmoz Monasterio de Veruela[edit]

Agramonte[edit]

La Oruña[edit]

Miscelanea[edit]

  1. Don Pedro Ramírez and his son were sentenced to death for forging fake coins in the castle.[7] The faked coins are known as "Maravedies falsos de Trasmoz".
  2. Mr Julio Iglesias Puga —father of the singer Julio Iglesias— was kidnapped by the terrorist band ETA. He was in a house in Trasmoz for the 21 days the the kidnapping lasted. He was freed on 17 January 1982 in an imposing operation by Spanish GEO (Grupo Especial de Operaciones) involving about 100 policemen.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ INE (2016). "Nomenclátor: Población del Padrón Continuo por Unidad Poblacional". 
  2. ^ Peiró, Patricia (22 March 2017). "La brujería, un bien turístico en el pueblo excomulgado por la Iglesia". El País. 
  3. ^ Piegsa-Quischotte, Inka (27 April 2016). "Spain's cursed village of witches". BBC Travel. 
  4. ^ "Noticias de Trasmoz: VII Encuentro de Brujería". Villa de Trasmoz. 16 September 2007. 
  5. ^ Olañeta, Juan Antonio (15 April 2017). "Descripción Iglesia Parroquial de Santa María de La Huerta, Trasmoz.". 
  6. ^ Steinberg, Jacob (8 May 2015). "Golden goal: Nayim for Zaragoza v Arsenal (1995)". The Guardian. 
  7. ^ Zurita, Jerónimo (1580). "Del castigo que el rey mandó hacer contra algunas personas principales que hacían moneda falsa" (PDF). Anales de Aragón. Libro III. Capítuo LXXII. 
  8. ^ M.B and Agencies (19 January 1982). "La espectacular liberación del doctor Iglesias". ABC Hemeroteca.