Travel Air 5000
|Travel Air 5000|
|Role||Airliner and Racer|
|National origin||United States of America|
|Manufacturer||Travel Air Manufacturing Company|
|Designer||Lloyd Stearman and Clyde Cessna and Walter beech|
|First flight||March 1926|
|Primary user||National Air Transport|
$23,000 for Dole Race models in 1927
|Variants||Travel Air 6000|
The Travel Air 5000 was an early high-wing monoplane airliner and racing monoplane designed by Clyde Cessna and is chiefly remembered for being the winner of the disastrous Dole Air Race from California to Hawaii.
Design and development
Cessna broke away from traditional biplane development with a monoplane in 1926. The first prototype was a 5-passenger aircraft with an 110 hp (82 kW) Anzani engine. The aircraft was modified by Cessna, Lloyd Stearman, and Walter Beech that fall. A second aircraft was built that December, and featured a Wright J-4 Whirlwind as the Travel Air 5000. National Air Transport awarded Travel Air a contract to produce the aircraft with the larger Wright J-5C engine and seating for four passengers. Eight aircraft were built for air mail contract and passenger service.
The Travel Air 5000 was a high-wing monoplane with conventional landing gear. The fuselage was constructed of welded steel tubing. The cockpit was fully enclosed in a canopy above the forward fuselage, but at least one model had the canopy omitted. The Dole racers were modified with 425 gallon fuselage fuel tanks and earth inductor compasses.
The prototype Travel Air 5000, s/n 160 "The Spirit of Oakland" was originally sold to Pacific Air Transport in April 1927 and then resold to Ernest Smith for a 14 July flight from Oakland, California, to Molokai, Hawaii, where it crashed on landing becoming the second aircraft to complete a trans-pacific flight, and the first civilian aircraft to do so.
Orders placed in June 1927 for two custom-built Travel Air model 5000 aircraft to compete in the Oakland, California, to Honolulu, Hawaii, Dole Air Race. Two teams placed $5000 deposits, and were later sponsored by Frank Phillips of Phillips Petroleum to promote their "Nu-Aviation" fuel. The "Oklahoma" was forced to return to land, while the "Woolaroc" completed the flight and won.
Woolaroc was later modified late in 1928 for an unsuccessful transcontinental speed record attempt.
National Air Transport and Royal Airways used the model 5000 in revenue service. Production of the first four airliners was in the West Douglas plant. On 30 June 1927 production of two Modified model 5000's started in the newly constructed East Central factory.
The Travel Air 5000 flying as National Air Transport's #17 aircraft on display at the former Fort Worth Star Telegram headquarters building in downtown Fort Worth, Texas. In 1927, this aircraft was the first to bring passengers and mail in to Dallas & Fort Worth. National Air Transport presented the aircraft to Amon Carter as a gift in 1931. The aircraft was later restored by Harry Hansen of Hamilton, Texas and Cowtown Aerocrafters of Justin, Texas.
Specifications (Travel Air 5000)
Data from Travel Air Restorers Association
- Capacity: 4 passengers
- Length: 30 ft 5 in (9.27 m)
- Wingspan: 51 ft 7 in (15.72 m)
- Height: 8 ft 5 in (2.57 m)
- Wing area: 312 sq ft (29.0 m2)
- Airfoil: M6
- Empty weight: 2,160 lb (980 kg)
- Gross weight: 3,600 lb (1,633 kg)
- Fuel capacity: 75 US gallons or 425 US gallons for Dole Racers
- Powerplant: 1 × Wright J-5 Whirlwind 9-cylinder radial, 220 hp (160 kW)
- Maximum speed: 107 kn; 198 km/h (123 mph)
- Cruise speed: 94 kn; 174 km/h (108 mph)
- Stall speed: 48 kn; 89 km/h (55 mph)
- Service ceiling: 13,600 ft (4,100 m)
- Rate of climb: 750 ft/min (3.8 m/s)
- "The Single Engine Cessna Fleet". Flying Magazine: 34. April 1962.
- "Travel Air". Retrieved 23 August 2011.
- "Travel Air 5000 "City of Oakland"". Retrieved 22 August 2011.
- Phillips 1985
- Woolaroc Museum (2011). "Museum and Art". Retrieved 14 August 2011.
- Francis, Robert. "Plane, cars planned for museum in former Star-Telegram building". Fortworthbusiness.com. Retrieved 2018-04-06.
- "Throwback Thursday: Amon Carter's 1931 Travel Air 5000". star-telegram. Retrieved 2018-04-06.
- "Travel Air 5000 Restored". Travel Air 5000 Restored. Retrieved 2018-04-06.
- Goebel, Arthur C (1929). Art Goebel's own story (PDF). United States: CafePress.com (2007 reprint). ASIN B0008BKSWQ.
- Osborn, Earl D., ed. (10 October 1927). "The Travel Air Transport Monoplane". Aviation. New York: Aviation Publishing Corp. pp. 878–880.
- Pelletier, A. J. (1995). Beech Aircraft and their Predecessors. London: Putnam. ISBN 978-0851778631.
- Phillips, Ed (Spring 1985). "Woolaroc!". AAHS Journal.
- Scheppler, R.H. "Travel Air 5000 "Woolaroc"". Aero Modeller. Aircraft described number 213. pp. 221–223 & 227.
- Travel Air Manufacturing Company, ed. (September 1927). ""Travel Air" Commercial Airplane - Type 5000". Aircraft Circulars, National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics No.55. Washington D.C.
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