Clubhouse of the Travellers Club since 1832
|Headquarters||Clubhouse occupied since 1832|
|Diplomats and travellers|
The Travellers Club is a private gentlemen's club situated at 106 Pall Mall in London, United Kingdom. It is the oldest of the surviving Pall Mall clubs and one of the most exclusive, having been established in 1819. It was described as "the quintessential English gentleman's club" by the Los Angeles Times in 2004.
The original concept of the club, by Lord Castlereagh and others, dates from the conclusion of the Napoleonic Wars. They envisaged a club where gentlemen who travelled abroad might meet and offer hospitality to distinguished foreign visitors. The original rules of 1819 excluded from membership anyone “who has not travelled out of the British islands to a distance of at least five hundred miles from London in a direct line”.
The members of the club's first Committee included the Earl of Aberdeen (later Prime Minister), Lord Auckland (after whom Auckland, New Zealand is named), the Marquess of Lansdowne (who had already served as Chancellor of the Exchequer and later refused office as Prime Minister) and Viscount Palmerston (later Foreign Secretary and Prime Minister).
Subsequent members included statesmen and travellers such as Prime Minister George Canning, the Duke of Wellington, Lord John Russell, Prime Minister Arthur Balfour, Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin, Prime Minister Alec Douglas-Home, Francis Beaufort (creator of the Beaufort scale), Robert FitzRoy of HMS Beagle, Sir William Edward Parry (explorer of the Northwest Passage), Sir Roderick Murchison (after whom the Murchison crater on the Moon is named) and Sir Wilfred Thesiger. Novelist Anthony Powell was a member, and the club is featured in various guises in the work of Graham Greene, Jules Verne, William Makepeace Thackeray and John le Carré.
The club's members include members of the British and foreign royal families, the British Foreign Secretary whilst in office, and various ambassadors to London; a tradition still continued today. Past ambassador members included Prince Talleyrand, for whom the club fitted an extra handrail to the stairs (still there) because of his club foot, and Joachim von Ribbentrop, the only member of the club to be hanged.
There is also a special category of membership for particularly distinguished travellers, explorers and travel writers. Such well-known current members include Field Marshal Lord Bramall, and Terry Waite. Its membership remains exclusive, although there are a number of reciprocal arrangements with other clubs throughout the world whose members may use its premises occasionally.
The club's original premises were at 12 Waterloo Place. It moved to 49 Pall Mall in 1821 (a building which had once been occupied by Brooks's). However, it quickly outgrew this building and in 1826 the members decided to spend £25,000 on the construction of a purpose built club house on the present site at 106 Pall Mall, backing onto Carlton gardens.
The architect was Sir Charles Barry who was later to be the architect for the Houses of Parliament, and the Travellers Club building proved to be one of his masterpieces. It takes the form of a Renaissance palace which is said to have been inspired by Raphael's Palazzo Pandolfini in Florence. It was completed in 1832, with the tower (which had been in Barry's original design) added in 1842.
The club building includes a smoking room (a large common room which looks over Carlton Gardens), the cocktail bar and adjacent Bramall room (which gives access to Carlton Gardens), the Outer Morning Room (a large drawing room overlooking Pall Mall, and connecting to an Inner Morning Room), and the dining room (known as the Coffee Room). The Times on 10 January 2004 noted "the wonderful dining, heavy on fish and game (partridges to potted shrimps) with echoes of public school food (bread pudding) and a superb wine cellar".
The magnificent library is decorated with a cast of the Bassae Frieze from the 5th century BCE Greek temple of Apollo Epicurius at Bassae. The originals of this frieze were discovered by the architect Charles Robert Cockerell, who was on the first Committee of the Club in 1819, and they are now in the British Museum. The library has a large and important collection of books, from the antiquarian to the modern, mainly on travel.
There are a number of bedrooms at the club for out-of-town members. The dress code is formal at all times.
Notes and references
- Touring the manly realm of London's Travellers Club Los Angeles Times, November 7, 2004
- "Victorian London - Entertainment and Recreation - Clubs - Travellers Club; (Peter Cunningham, Hand-Book of London, 1850)". www.victorianlondon.org. Retrieved 25 May 2018.
- "Club History and Building". The Travellers Club. Archived from the original on 2008-07-26. Retrieved 2008-09-23.
- Yorke, James (29 September 2018). "Home at last – a celebration of 200 years of the Travellers Club". Spectator. Retrieved 5 December 2018.
- "So what should an English gentleman do?". The Daily Telegraph. London. 1999-07-31.
- Club Guide Accessed May 2017
- Akkoc, Raziye (17 July 2014). "Archbishop of Canterbury will quit gentlemen's club that voted against female members". Retrieved 25 May 2018 – via www.telegraph.co.uk.
The Travellers Club: A Bicentennial History (2018)
- Robinson, John Martin (2018). The Travellers Club: A Bicentennial History. London: Libanus Press. ISBN 978-0948021930.
- Black, Barbara (2012). A Room of His Own: A Literary-Cultural Study of Victorian Clubland. Athens, Ohio: Ohio University Press. ISBN 978-0-8214-2016-4.
- Fitzroy, Sir Almeric (1927). The History of the Travellers Club. London: George Allen & Unwin.
- Lejeune, Anthony; Lewis, Malcolm (1979). The Gentlemen's Clubs of London. London: Wh Smith Pub. ISBN 0-8317-3800-6.
- Lejeune, Anthony (2012). The Gentlemen's Clubs of London. London: Stacey International. ISBN 978-1-906768-20-1.
- Milne-Smith, Amy (2011). London Clubland: A Cultural History of Gender and Class in Late Victorian Britain. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 9-780230-120761.
- Thévoz, Seth Alexander (2018). Club Government: How the Early Victorian World was Ruled from London Clubs. London: I.B. Tauris. ISBN 978-1-78453-818-7.
- Official website
- Photos of club interiors
- Survey of London - detailed, illustrated architectural history
- Photographs of the Pall Mall elevation of the Travellers Club
- Nineteenth century texts on the Travellers Club
- T.H.S. Escott, "Chapter VIII", Club Makers and Club Members, Sturgis & Walton Company, New York, 1914
- 2003 article on secret diplomatic negotiations with Libya at the Travellers Club