Travis, Staten Island

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Linoleumville, part of Ward 3, 1911

Travis is a residential and industrial neighborhood in west-central Staten Island, one of the five boroughs of New York City.

It is bounded on the north by Meredith Avenue and Victory Boulevard, on the east by the William T. Davis Wildlife Refuge, on the south by the Fresh Kills, and on the west by the Arthur Kill.[1] Some local geographers classify Travis as being part of the island's West Shore, while others reckon it as a Mid-Island neighborhood.

History[edit]

Travis is one of the oldest, as well as one of the more isolated and sparsely populated locales on Staten Island. The site of an Indian village, it was known as Jersey Wharf and, during the Revolutionary period, as New Blazing Star Ferry.[2] It was a skirmish site during the Battle of Staten Island. It was the site of ferries from 1757 and was for decades part of the route between Philadelphia and New York via the Port Richmond Ferry. In the early 19th century the village was named Travisville after Captain Jacob Travis. In mid-century it was named Long Neck and then Deckertown after a local family.[1]

In 1873, the American Linoleum Company acquired 300 acres in the area to build the nation's first linoleum factory, leading to the area being named Linoleumville. Many skilled English immigrants arrived to work in the factory in its early days. By the early 20th century, 700 workers were employed, comprising half the local population. Many of these were Polish immigrants, and Linoleumville had become a Polish enclave.[3][4] The plant closed in 1931 and residents overwhelmingly chose to rename the community Travis.[1]

In later years, Travis's isolation has been somewhat disrupted by the construction of the West Shore Expressway and the Teleport. The area has sometimes suffered from poor air quality due to the nearby Fresh Kills Landfill and New Jersey's Chemical Coast.[1]

Culture[edit]

Sylvan Grove Cemetery

Travis is noted throughout Staten Island for the colorful annual Independence Day parade,[5] held since 1911. Many members of the community's founding families are buried in Sylvan Grove Cemetery, a small triangular burial ground near the junction of Victory Boulevard and the West Shore Expressway, which had fallen into severe disarray, mostly due to vandalism. An island-wide charitable organization, the Friends of Abandoned Cemeteries of Staten Island, was founded in 1982 in an effort to restore this and other assorted small cemeteries on the island that have been unused for decades, and in some cases, even centuries.[6] Construction is scheduled for the area next to the cemetery to be turned into "Independence Park". Work began in November 2010.[7]

Travis is also home to the Mid Island Little League, who won the 1964 Little League World Series. Mid Island Little League is located at the intersection of Travis Avenue and Victory Boulevard.

Facilities[edit]

The 1980s saw an expansion of commercial development along the West Shore Expressway, including a giant UA Movie and Bowling Complex; that complex no longer houses a movie theater. The West Shore Plaza was also built in this area, with the island's only Burlington Coat Factory as the anchor store (before this, it was a flea market, Bradlee's Store and Caldor). Also part of this expansion was a large industrial park called the Teleport, located at the eastern edge of Travis. It houses mostly companies engaged in the Internet and telecommunications industries. The service roads of the West Shore Expressway are also the site of retail and other businesses.

Travis is home to FDNY Engine Company 154, which also houses a spare fire engine and Brush Fire Unit 4. Also protecting Travis is one of the last volunteer fire houses in the city, and second on Staten Island, Oceanic H&L Company No. 1. Oceanic was formed in 1881, making it one of the oldest volunteer fire houses in the country. The fire house itself was located on the other side of town and moved down Victory Boulevard by horse to where it is today.

The building of the UA movie theater complex has changed Travis dramatically over the last decade. Traffic patterns have changed along with new development of homes. Many of the older homes that sat on large plots of land are being torn down and replaced with new row homes. Even with this building boom, Travis has retained many of the characteristics that made it the last frontier on Staten Island. Still standing is the old Tennyson's Confectionery. It now is a balloon and party store, but this once held a penny candy store that was operational for almost one hundred years. It is located across from the Oceanic Hook and Ladder firehouse and was a popular hangout for the locals and firemen. Owned by "Snappy" Ed Tennyson, called that because he moved so slowly, it was handed down to his son-in-law, Robert Minto, Jr., who ran the store just about up to his death in 1986.

Transportation[edit]

The western terminus of Victory Boulevard, a major thoroughfare on Staten Island, is at Travis. Established in 1816 by Daniel D. Tompkins as the Richmond Turnpike, this road was "promoted as the fastest route from New York to Philadelphia".[8] On this road, bus service along the island's North Shore to the College of Staten Island and St. George Ferry Terminal is provided by the S62/92 route.[9] A ferry across the Arthur Kill linked Travis with Carteret, New Jersey. It stopped running in 1929. However, a passenger ferry did remain in operation until the mid-1960s.

Travis is served by the Travis freight branch of the North Shore Branch of the Staten Island Railway, which leads into the Howland Hook Container Terminal. One proposal for a West Shore Light Rail has it using these tracks.

Travis is also served by direct express bus service to Manhattan during rush hours. The X11 runs along Victory Blvd. The X19, X22, X22A, X23, and X24 run along West Service Road/East Service Road.

Notable residents[edit]

  • Paul Zindel grew up in Travis. During his teenage years, he stayed at 123 Glen Street. Zindel based many of his young-adult stories on Staten Island, particularly The Pigman, which is set on Howard Avenue in Grymes Hill, on the other side of Staten Island from Travis.
  • Billy Urbanski, a player for the Boston Braves, was born in "Linoleumville", which is in Travis.[10]
  • Ichabod Crane (colonel) was a real person and a distinguished military officer who lived at 3525 Victory Blvd, located within the modern boundaries of Travis. He detested Washington Irving for creating a fictional cowardly teacher of the same name and appearance in The Legend of Sleepy Hollow.[11][12] Irving and the real Crane met in 1814 early in Crane's military career.
  • Pfc. Fred J. Walczak was present at the famous flag raising at Iwo Jima. He appears in Joe Rosenthal's "Gung Ho" photo of the entire Marine patrol sent up Mount Suribachi to raise the flag. He was also wounded at Iwo Jima. He was from 150 Burke Ave in Travis.[13][14][15][16][17]
  • Isabel González, while not officially a resident, dragged then-called Linoleumville into the middle of the fight for Puerto Ricans' rights as US citizens. Her fiancé had left her behind in Puerto Rico in 1902, so he could seek employment in the factory town of Linoleumville where her brother was already employed. When she attempted to join him, she was stopped by US Immigration officials and denied legal status due to her being unmarried and pregnant (and thus a possible burden on society). At the time, Puerto Ricans were not considered US citizens. This led to a series of legal battles including one before the Supreme Court. Her activism eventually led to Puerto Ricans being recognized as US citizens after Congress passed a law in 1917.

Demographics[edit]

As of the 2010 census, the population of Travis was 2953.[18] The demographics of Travis were roughly as follows: 71.% White, 3% Black, 16.9% Hispanic, 6% Asian, 2.2% Other. This is defining Travis as everything within the boundaries of Census Tract 291.02. Although it covers Bloomfield and Chelsea as well, almost all of the residents live in Travis.

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Jackson, Kenneth T., ed. (2010), The Encyclopedia of New York City (2nd ed.), New Haven: Yale University Press, ISBN 978-0-300-11465-2 
  2. ^ New York Public Library Staten Island's Old Names, accessed August 18, 2006
  3. ^ "Chapter VII: PERIOD OF EXPANSION: 1865–1898". Center for Migration Studies special issues. 18 (1): 97–155. 2003-01-01. doi:10.1111/j.2050-411X.2003.tb00306.x. ISSN 2050-411X. 
  4. ^ Fioravante, Janice (1997-07-06). "Tightly Knit, With Old-Fashioned Values". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2017-02-10. 
  5. ^ http://www.travisparade.org Travis Parade
  6. ^ "Friends of Abandoned Cemeteries, Inc. S.I.". americantowns.com. Retrieved 10 February 2015. 
  7. ^ NYC Parks Daily Plant, 2010 November 15 Groundbreaking for Independence Park
  8. ^ New York Public Library Staten Island Timeline, accessed August 18, 2006
  9. ^ "Staten Island Bus Map January 2013" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. January 2013. Retrieved February 16, 2013. 
  10. ^ "LOOKING BACK: NJ Governor Harold G. Hoffman and Billy Urbanski". The Amboy Guardian. Retrieved 10 February 2015. 
  11. ^ "Staten Island Memories: Literary license used in telling Crane's TV story". SILive.com. Retrieved 2017-02-10. 
  12. ^ "In Search of Ichabod Crane | Scouting NY". www.scoutingny.com. Retrieved 2017-02-10. 
  13. ^ Tomaselli, Author Troy (2004-01-29). "Iwo Jima veteran dies". GMNews Archive. Retrieved 2017-02-14. 
  14. ^ "Flag Raisers". 5th Marine Division. Retrieved 2017-02-14. 
  15. ^ CNN, Thom Patterson. "The inside story of the famous Iwo Jima photo". CNN. Retrieved 2017-02-14. 
  16. ^ "Marines now say they misidentified 2 men at Iwo Jima flag raising". Stars and Stripes. Retrieved 2017-02-14. 
  17. ^ "Page 174 WWII Navy, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard Casualty List - Fold3". Fold3. Retrieved 2017-02-14. 
  18. ^ Bureau, U.S. Census. "American FactFinder - Results". factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2017-02-14. 

Coordinates: 40°35′37″N 74°11′14″W / 40.59361°N 74.18722°W / 40.59361; -74.18722