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Travis County, Texas

Coordinates: 30°20′N 97°47′W / 30.33°N 97.78°W / 30.33; -97.78
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Travis County
Heman Marion Sweatt Travis County Courthouse in Austin
Flag of Travis County
Official seal of Travis County
Map of Texas highlighting Travis County
Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 30°20′N 97°47′W / 30.33°N 97.78°W / 30.33; -97.78
Country United States
State Texas
Founded1840 (1840)
Named forWilliam B. Travis
Largest cityAustin
 • Total1,023 sq mi (2,650 km2)
 • Land990 sq mi (2,600 km2)
 • Water33 sq mi (90 km2)  3.2%
 • Total1,290,188 Increase
 • Density1,303.2/sq mi (503.2/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional districts10th, 17th, 21st, 35th, 37th

Travis County is located in Central Texas. As of the 2020 census, the population was 1,290,188. It is the fifth-most populous county in Texas. Its county seat and most populous city is Austin,[1] the capital of Texas. The county was established in 1840 and is named in honor of William Barret Travis, the commander of the Republic of Texas forces at the Battle of the Alamo. Travis County is part of the Austin–Round RockGeorgetown Metropolitan Statistical Area. It is located along the Balcones Fault, the boundary between the Edwards Plateau to the west and the Blackland Prairie to the east.


Pre-Columbian and colonial periods[edit]

Evidence of habitation of the Balcones Escarpment region of Texas can be traced to at least 11,000 years ago. Two of the oldest Paleolithic archeological sites in Texas, the Levi Rock Shelter and Smith Rock Shelter, are in southwest and southeast Travis County, respectively.[2] Several hundred years before European settlers arrived, a variety of nomadic Native American tribes inhabited the area. These indigenous peoples fished and hunted along the creeks, including present-day Barton Springs,[3] which proved to be a reliable campsite.[4] At the time of the first permanent settlement of the area, the Tonkawa tribe was the most common, with the Comanches and Lipan Apaches also frequenting the area.[5]

The region (along with all of modern Texas) was claimed by the Spanish Empire in the 1600s, but at the time no attempt was made to settle the area (or even to explore it fully).[6] In 1691 Domingo Terán de los Ríos made an inspection tour through East Texas that likely took him through Travis Country. The first European settlers in the area were a group of Spanish friars who arrived from East Texas in July 1730. They established three temporary missions, La Purísima Concepción, San Francisco de los Neches, and San José de los Nazonis, on a site by the Colorado River near Barton Springs. The friars found conditions undesirable and relocated to the San Antonio River within a year of their arrival.[7]

Mexican period[edit]

In 1821 Mexico won its independence from Spain, and the new government enacted laws encouraging colonists to settle the Texas frontier by granting them land and reduced taxation. Over the next decade, thousands of foreign immigrants (primarily from the United States) moved into Texas; in particular, American empresario Stephen F. Austin established one of his colonies near what is now Bastrop, Texas (in future Travis County) in 1827.[8] Josiah and Mathias Wilbarger, Reuben Hornsby, Jacob M. Harrell, and John F. Webber were early settlers who moved into the area in the early 1830s.

Republican period[edit]

In 1836 Texas declared and won its independence from Mexico, forming a new Republic of Texas. After Texas Vice President Mirabeau B. Lamar visited central Texas during a buffalo-hunting expedition between 1837 and 1838, he proposed that the republic's capital (then located in Houston) be relocated to a site on the north bank of the Colorado River. In 1839 the site was officially chosen as the republic's new capital and given the name Waterloo; shortly thereafter the city's name was changed to Austin in honor of Stephen F. Austin.[9] A new county was also established the following year, of which Austin would be the seat; the county was named Travis County, after William B. Travis. Though the Republic's capital moved briefly back to Houston during the events surrounding the Texas Archive War, by 1845 Austin was again the capital, and it became the capital of the new State of Texas when Texas was annexed by the United States later that year.

Civil War and beyond[edit]

In 1861 Travis County was one of the few Texas counties to vote against secession from the Union. Since the majority of the state did favor secession, Travis County then became a part of the Confederacy for the duration of the Civil War. After the Confederacy's defeat, Texas was fully readmitted to the Union in 1870.

From the end of the Civil War to the early twenty-first century, Travis County has experienced steady, rapid population growth (averaging more than a 36% increase every decade from 1870 to 2010), driven largely by the growth of Austin and its suburbs; it is now the fifth most populous county in Texas, after Harris (Houston), Dallas, Tarrant (Fort Worth) and Bexar (San Antonio) counties.


Travis County Justice Complex

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,023 square miles (2,650 km2), of which 990 square miles (2,600 km2) is land and 33 square miles (85 km2) (3.2% of the territory) is water.[10] Travis County is located in the southern part of central Texas, between San Antonio and Dallas–Fort Worth. The county's geographical center lies two miles northwest of downtown Austin at 30°18' north latitude and 97°45' west longitude.[11]

Travis County straddles the Balcones Fault, the boundary between the Edwards Plateau to the west and the Texas Coastal Plain to the east. The western part of the county is characterized by the karst topography of the Texas Hill Country, while the eastern part exhibits the fertile plains and farmlands of the Blackland Prairie. The Colorado River meanders through the county from west to east, forming a series of man-made lakes (Lake Travis, Lake Austin, and Lady Bird Lake).


The limestone karst geology of the western and southwestern parts of Travis County gives rise to numerous caverns and springs, some of which have provided shelter and water for humans in the region for thousands of years. Notable springs in the county include Barton Springs, Deep Eddy and Hamilton Pool.

Major highways[edit]

Travis County is crossed by Interstate Highway 35, US Highways 183 and 290, and Texas Highway 71. IH-35 leads northward to Waco and Dallas–Fort Worth and southward to San Antonio. US-183 leads northward through Cedar Park to Lampasas and southward to Lockhart. US-290 leads westward to Fredericksburg and eastward to Houston. TX-71 leads westward to Marble Falls and eastward to Bastrop.

Other major highways within the county include Texas Highway Loop 1 (the "Mopac Expressway"), which runs from north to south through the center of the county, and Texas Highway 45, which forms parts of an incomplete highway loop around Austin. Texas Highway 130 (constructed as an alternative to IH-35 for long-distance traffic wishing to avoid Austin and San Antonio) also runs from north to south through the sparsely populated eastern part of the county.


Amtrak's Austin station is located in downtown Austin and is served by the Texas Eagle which runs daily between Chicago and San Antonio, continuing on to Los Angeles several times a week.

Travis County is served by the Union Pacific Railroad and the Austin Western Railroad.

Adjacent counties[edit]

Protected areas[edit]


Historical population
2023 (est.)1,334,961[12]3.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[13]
1850–2010[14] 2010–2020[15][16]
Travis County, Texas – Racial and ethnic composition
Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos may be of any race.
Race / Ethnicity (NH = Non-Hispanic) Pop 2010[17] Pop 2020[18] % 2010 % 2020
White alone (NH) 517,644 612,824 50.54% 47.50%
Black or African American alone (NH) 82,805 96,270 8.08% 7.46%
Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH) 2,611 2,762 0.25% 0.21%
Asian alone (NH) 58,404 99,660 5.70% 7.72%
Pacific Islander alone (NH) 540 774 0.05% 0.06%
Some Other Race alone (NH) 1,813 6,513 0.18% 0.50%
Mixed Race or Multi-Racial (NH) 17,683 50,275 1.73% 3.90%
Hispanic or Latino (any race) 342,766 421,110 33.46% 32.64%
Total 1,024,266 1,290,188 100.00% 100.00%
Ethnic origins in Travis County

According to the census of 2010, there were 1,024,266 people, 320,766 households, and 183,798 families residing in the county. The population density was 1,034 persons per square mile (399 persons/km2). There were 335,881 housing units at an average density of 340 units per square mile (130 units/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 68.21% White, 9.26% Black or African American, 0.58% Native American, 4.47% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 14.56% other races, and 2.85% from two or more races. 28.20% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. English is the sole language spoken at home by 71.42% of the population age 5 or over, while 22.35% speak Spanish, and a Chinese language (including Mandarin, Taiwanese, and Cantonese) is spoken by 1.05%. As of the 2010 census, there were about 11.1 same-sex couples per 1,000 households in the county.[19]

According to the census of 2000, there were 812,280 people, of which 29.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.60% were married couples living together, 10.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.70% were non-families. 30.10% of all households were composed of individuals, and 4.40% had someone living alone who was 65 or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.15. 12.0% were of German, 7.7% English, 6.6% Irish and 5.5% American ancestry according to Census 2000[20]

The population's age distribution was 23.80% under the age of 18, 14.70% from 18 to 24, 36.50% from 25 to 44, 18.20% from 45 to 64, and 6.70% age 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females, there were 104.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 104.50 males.

Government and Politics[edit]

Ned Granger Administration Building in Austin

Like other Texas counties, Travis County is governed by a Commissioners' Court composed of the county judge and four county commissioners. The court levies county taxes and sets the budgets for county officials and agencies. The judge and commissioners are elected for four-year terms (the judge at-large, and the commissioners from geographic precincts). The other major county-wide official is the county clerk, who maintains the county's records, administers elections, and oversees legal documentation (such as property deeds, marriage licenses and assumed name certificates). The clerk is also elected at-large for a four-year term.

The Heman Marion Sweatt Travis County Courthouse is located in downtown Austin. The county courthouse holds civil and criminal trial courts and other functions of county government. As of 2017, the county's probate courts are in the process of being moved from the county courthouse into Austin's 1936 United States Courthouse, which was acquired by the county in 2016.[21]


The Travis County Jail and the Travis County Criminal Justice Center are located in Downtown Austin.[22][23] The Travis County Correctional Complex is located in an unincorporated area in Travis County, next to Austin-Bergstrom International Airport.[24]

The Texas Department of Criminal Justice operates the Travis County State Jail, a state jail for men, in eastern Austin.[25]


Travis County is one of the most consistently Democratic counties in Texas, having voted for the Democratic presidential nominee all but five times since 1932. The only exceptions have been the Republican landslide years of 1952, 1956, 1972 and 1984, when Dwight Eisenhower, Richard Nixon and Ronald Reagan each won over 400 electoral votes, and 2000, when the Republican nominee was incumbent Texas Governor George W. Bush. In 2005 Travis County was the only county in Texas to vote against the Proposition 2 state constitutional amendment banning gay marriage, with slightly under 60% of voters being against it.[26] In 2020, Travis County backed Democrat Joe Biden with nearly 72% of the vote, his strongest showing in the state and the best showing for any presidential candidate in the county since 1948.

The county's Democratic bent is not limited to the presidential level, as all of the county-level officials are Democrats.[27] In addition, the majority of the county is represented by Democrats in the US Congress, Texas Senate, and Texas House.

United States Congress[edit]

Representatives Name[28] Party First elected Area(s) of Travis County represented
  District 10 Michael McCaul Republican 2004 Avery Ranch, Elgin, Lago Vista, Lakeway, Pflugerville, West Lake Hills
  District 17 Pete Sessions Republican 2020 Pflugerville
  District 21 Chip Roy Republican 2018 Barton Creek, Oak Hill
  District 35 Greg Casar Democratic 2022 East Austin, Del Valle, Manor,
  District 37 Lloyd Doggett Democratic 1995 West Austin, Rollingwood, Sunset Valley, West Lake Hills

Texas Senate[edit]

State Senators serve four year terms with no term limits.

Representatives Name[28] Party First elected Area(s) of Travis County represented
  District 14 Sarah Eckhardt Democratic 2020 Austin, Elgin, Manor, Pflugerville, Rollingwood West Lake Hills
  District 21 Judith Zaffirini Democratic 1987 East Austin, Del Valle
  District 25 Donna Campbell Republican 2013 Bee Cave, Lago Vista, Lakeway

Texas House of Representatives[edit]

State Representatives serve two year terms with no term limits.

Representatives Name[28] Party First elected Area(s) of Travis County represented
  District 19 Ellen Troxclair Republican 2022 Lago Vista
  District 46 Sheryl Cole Democratic 2018 East Austin, Elgin, Huston-Tillotson University, Manor
  District 47 Vikki Goodwin Democratic 2018 West Austin, Bee Cave, Lakeway
  District 48 Donna Howard Democratic 2006 West Austin, South Austin, Rollingwood, West Lake Hills
  District 49 Gina Hinojosa Democratic 2016 Central Austin, The University of Texas
  District 50 James Talarico Democratic 2018 Northeast Austin, Pflugerville
  District 51 Lulu Flores Democratic 2022 Southeast Austin, Del Valle, St Edwards University

3rd Court of Appeals[edit]

In addition to Travis, the 3rd Court of Appeals hears cases from 23 other counties across Central Texas: Bastrop, Bell, Blanco, Burnet, Caldwell, Coke, Comal, Concho, Fayette, Hays, Irion, Lampasas, Lee, Llano, McColluch, Milam, Mills, Runnels, San Saba, Schleicher, Sterling, Tom Green, and Williamson.

All 24 counties in the district vote for justices. Justices serve six year terms in at-large seats with no term limits, besides a mandatory retirement age of 75 years old.[29]

Following the 2018 midterm elections, Democrats held a majority on the 3rd Court of Appeals. Since 2022, Democrats have held all six seats.[30]

Place Name[28] Party Last Election Elected Term Up
1 Darlene Byrne (Chief Justice) Democratic 52.2% D 2020 2026
2 Edward Smith Democratic 53% D 2018 2024
3 Chari L. Kelly Democratic 54.4% D 2018 2024
4 Rosa Lopez Theofanis Democratic 52.6% D 2022 2028
5 Thomas J. Baker* Democratic 53.9% D 2018 2024
6 Gisela D. Triana Democratic 54.4% D 2018 2024

*lost renomination in 2024

State District Courts[edit]

Judges serve a 4-year term, with no term limits.

District Name[28] Party Area of Focus Term Elected Term Up
53rd Maria Cantú Hexsel Democratic Civil & Family 1st 2020 2024
98th Rhonda Hurley Democratic Civil & Family 1st 2008 2024
126th Aurora Martinez Jones Democratic Civil & Family 1st 2020 2024
147th Cliff Brown Democratic Criminal 4th 2010 2026
167th Dayna Blazey Democratic Criminal 1st 2020 2024
200th Jessica Mangrum Democratic Civil & Family 1st 2020 2024
201st Amy Clark Meachum Democratic Civil & Family 4th 2010 2026
250th Karin Crump Democratic Civil & Family 3rd 2014 2026
261st Daniella DeSeta Lyttle Democratic Civil & Family 1st 2022 2026
299th Karen Sage Democratic Criminal 4th 2010 2026
331st Chantal Eldridge Democratic Criminal 2nd 2018 2026
345th Jan Soifer Democratic Civil & Family 2nd 2016 2024
353rd Madeleine Connor* Democratic Civil & Family 1st 2020 2024
390th Julie Kocurek Democratic Criminal 6th 1999 2024
403rd Brandy Mueller Democratic Criminal 1st 2022 2026
419th Catherine Mauzy Democratic Civil & Family 2nd 2018 2026
427th Tamara Needles Democratic Criminal 2nd 2016 2024
450th Brad Urrutia Democratic Criminal 2nd 2016 2024
455th Laurie Eiserloh Democratic Civil & Family 1st 2022 2026
459th Maya Guerra Gamble Democratic Civil & Family 2nd 2018 2026
460th Selena Alvarenga Democratic Criminal 1st 2020 2024

*censured by the Travis County Democratic Party

United States presidential election results for Travis County, Texas[31]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 161,337 26.43% 435,860 71.41% 13,152 2.15%
2016 127,209 27.14% 308,260 65.77% 33,251 7.09%
2012 140,152 36.21% 232,788 60.14% 14,117 3.65%
2008 136,981 34.25% 254,017 63.52% 8,890 2.22%
2004 147,885 42.00% 197,235 56.01% 6,993 1.99%
2000 141,235 46.88% 125,526 41.67% 34,502 11.45%
1996 98,454 39.97% 128,970 52.36% 18,877 7.66%
1992 88,105 31.89% 130,546 47.26% 57,584 20.85%
1988 105,915 44.86% 127,783 54.13% 2,386 1.01%
1984 124,944 56.84% 94,124 42.82% 745 0.34%
1980 73,151 45.69% 75,028 46.87% 11,914 7.44%
1976 71,031 46.67% 78,585 51.63% 2,597 1.71%
1972 70,561 56.30% 54,157 43.21% 611 0.49%
1968 34,309 41.58% 39,667 48.07% 8,544 10.35%
1964 19,838 31.02% 44,058 68.89% 62 0.10%
1960 22,107 44.87% 27,022 54.85% 135 0.27%
1956 23,551 53.98% 19,982 45.80% 98 0.22%
1952 20,850 52.06% 19,155 47.83% 46 0.11%
1948 5,994 22.03% 19,598 72.03% 1,615 5.94%
1944 2,324 12.09% 14,384 74.80% 2,522 13.11%
1940 3,128 15.26% 17,300 84.38% 75 0.37%
1936 1,154 8.60% 12,092 90.07% 179 1.33%
1932 1,532 11.45% 11,718 87.60% 126 0.94%
1928 4,847 51.83% 4,487 47.98% 17 0.18%
1924 1,909 19.43% 7,573 77.06% 345 3.51%
1920 1,204 20.39% 3,541 59.97% 1,160 19.64%
1916 690 15.47% 3,682 82.54% 89 2.00%
1912 468 12.04% 2,741 70.54% 677 17.42%

County government[edit]

As of March 2024, all county elected officials are members of the Democratic Party.

District Position[28] Name[28] Term Elected Term Up
At-Large County Judge Andy Brown 2nd 2020 2026
Precinct 1 Commissioner Jeff Travillion 2nd 2016 2024
Precinct 2 Commissioner Brigid Shea 3rd 2016 2026
Precinct 3 Commissioner Ann Howard 1st 2020 2024
Precinct 4 Commissioner Margaret Gómez 8th 1994 2026
At-Large District Attorney José Garza 1st 2020 2024
At-Large County Attorney Delia Garza 1st 2020 2024
At-Large District Clerk Velva Price 3rd 2014[32] 2026
At-Large County Clerk Dyana Limon-Mercado 1st 2022 2026
At-Large Treasurer Dolores Ortega Carter 10th 1986 2026
At-Large Sheriff Sally Hernandez 2nd 2016 2024
At-Large Tax Assessor-Collector Bruce Elfant 3rd 2012 2024
Precinct 1 Constable Tonya Nixon 1st 2020 2024
Precinct 2 Constable Adan Ballesteros 4th 2008 2024
Precinct 3 Constable Stacy Suits 2nd 2016 2024
Precinct 4 Constable George Morales III 2nd 2016 2024
Precinct 5 Constable Carlos B. Lopez 3rd 2012 2024
Precinct 1 Justice of the Peace Yvonne Michelle Williams[33] 4th 2010 2026
Precinct 2 Justice of the Peace Randall Slagle 3rd 2014 2026
Precinct 3 Justice of the Peace Sylvia Holmes 2nd 2018 2026
Precinct 4 Justice of the Peace Raúl Arturo Gonzalez 5th 2006 2026
Precinct 5 Justice of the Peace Rick "Rico" Olivo 1st 2023* 2024
At-Large County Court At Law #1 Todd Wong 3rd 2014 2026
At-Large County Court At Law #2 Eric Sheppard 3rd 2014 2026
At-Large County Court At Law #3 Bianca Garcia 1st 2022 2026
At-Large County Court At Law #4 Dimple Malhotra 2nd 2019* 2026
At-Large County Court At Law #5 Mary Ann Espiritu 1st 2022 2026
At-Large County Court At Law #6 Denise Hernandez 1st 2022 2026
At-Large County Court At Law #7 Elisabeth A. Earle 6th 2002 2026
At-Large County Court At Law #8 Carlos H. Barrera 4th 2008 2024
At-Large County Court At Law #9 Kim Williams 2nd 2016 2024
At-Large Probate Court** Guy Herman 1st 2023* 2026
At-Large Probate Court** Nicholas Chu 1st 2023* 2024

*appointed to fill a vacancy

**court created in 2023

Austin Community College, Board of Trustees[edit]

The board governing the Austin Community College district, which Travis County is a part of alongside Hays, Caldwell, and Blanco counties, as well as portions of Williamson, Bastrop, Guadalupe, Lee, and Fayette counties. Members are elected in nonpartisan elections and serve six year terms.

Place Name[28] Term Elected Term Up
1 Dana Walker 1st 2020* 2026
2 Gigi Edwards Bryant 2nd 2014 2026
3 Nan McRaven 3rd 2002 2026
4 Sean Hassan 2nd 2016 2028
5 Manny Gonzalez 2nd 2022 2028
6 Steve Jackobs 1st 2022 2028
7 Barbara Mink 4th 2000 2024
8 Stephanie Gharakhanian 1st 2018 2026
9 Julie Ann Nitsch 2nd 2016* 2024


A county complex at 1010 Lavaca Street

As of 2017, Travis County had a median household income of $68,350 per year, and a per capita income of $38,820 per year. 13.9% of the population lived below the poverty level.[15] The county's largest employers are governments (the State of Texas, the US Federal Government, Travis County and the City of Austin) and public education bodies. Other major employers are concentrated in industries relating to semiconductors, software engineering and healthcare.[34]


K-12 education[edit]

Travis County is served by a number of public school districts; the largest is Austin Independent School District, serving most of Austin. Other districts wholly or mainly located in Travis County include Eanes ISD, Lake Travis ISD, Lago Vista ISD, Leander ISD, Del Valle ISD, Manor ISD, and Pflugerville ISD. Parts of Elgin ISD, Coupland ISD, Hutto ISD, Round Rock ISD, Marble Falls ISD, Johnson City ISD, Dripping Springs ISD and Hays Consolidated ISD also cross into Travis County.[35]

State-operated schools include:

Texas Blind, Deaf, and Orphan School was formerly in operation for black students pre-desegregation.

Colleges and universities[edit]

The largest university in Travis County is the University of Texas at Austin. Other universities include St. Edward's University, Huston–Tillotson University, and Concordia University Texas.

Under Texas law Austin Community College District (ACC) is the designated community college for most of the county. However, areas in Marble Falls ISD are zoned to Central Texas College District.[36]


Central Health, a hospital district, was established in 2004.[37] Brackenridge Hospital was originally built as the City-County Hospital in 1884 but Travis County ended its share of the ownership in 1907.[38] In 2017 Brackenridge was replaced by the Dell Seton Medical Center.[39]


Cities (multiple counties)[edit]



Census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Ghost towns[edit]

Austin neighborhoods[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved March 26, 2020.
  2. ^ Hester, Thomas (1986). "The Balcones Escarpment: Early Human Populations". Geological Society of America. 6 (2). Abbott, Patrick L. and Woodruff, C. M.: 55–62. Archived from the original on October 12, 2011. Retrieved September 6, 2011.
  3. ^ "Austin Public Library". Austin Public Library. Archived from the original on August 8, 2007. Retrieved March 20, 2018.
  4. ^ "Austin Public Library". Austin Public Library. Retrieved March 20, 2018.
  5. ^ "Austin Public Library". Austin Public Library. Archived from the original on October 5, 2001. Retrieved March 20, 2018.
  6. ^ Chipman, Donald E. (1992), Spanish Texas, 1519–1821, Austin, Texas: University of Texas Press, p. 26, ISBN 0-292-77659-4
  7. ^ "The Spanish Missions in Texas". Texas Almanac. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved September 10, 2011.
  8. ^ de la Teja, Jesus F. (1997). "The Colonization and Independence of Texas: A Tejano Perspective". In Rodriguez O., Jaime E.; Vincent, Kathryn (eds.). Myths, Misdeeds, and Misunderstandings: The Roots of Conflict in U.S.–Mexican Relations. Wilmington, DE: Scholarly Resources Inc. p. 88. ISBN 0-8420-2662-2.
  9. ^ "Austin Public Library". Austin Public Library. Retrieved March 20, 2018.
  10. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved May 11, 2015.
  11. ^ Smyrl, Vivian Elizabeth (June 15, 2010). "TRAVIS COUNTY". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved April 18, 2015.
  12. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Counties: April 1, 2020 to July 1, 2023". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 14, 2024.
  13. ^ "Decennial Census of Population and Housing by Decade". US Census Bureau.
  14. ^ "Texas Almanac: Population History of Counties from 1850–2010" (PDF). Texas Almanac. Archived (PDF) from the original on October 9, 2022. Retrieved May 11, 2015.
  15. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. July 1, 2018. Retrieved June 8, 2019.
  16. ^ "Travis County, Texas". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 30, 2022.
  17. ^ "P2 Hispanic or Latino, and Not Hispanic or Latino by Race – 2010: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Travis County, Texas". United States Census Bureau.
  18. ^ "P2 Hispanic or Latino, and Not Hispanic or Latino by Race – 2020: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Travis County, Texas". United States Census Bureau.
  19. ^ "Language Map Data Center". Mla.org. April 3, 2013. Retrieved July 10, 2013.
  20. ^ Leonhardt, David; Quealy, Kevin (June 26, 2015), "Where Same-Sex Couples Live", The New York Times, retrieved July 6, 2015
  21. ^ Goldenstein, Taylor (December 29, 2016). "Travis County gets old federal courthouse for probate court expansion". Austin American-Statesman. Retrieved December 4, 2017.
  22. ^ "Travis County Jail (TCJ)." Travis County Sheriff's Office. Accessed September 14, 2008.
  23. ^ "Criminal Justice Center (CJC)." Travis County Sheriff's Office. Accessed September 14, 2008.
  24. ^ "Travis County Correctional Complex (TCCC)." Travis County Sheriff's Office. Accessed September 14, 2008.
  25. ^ "Travis County (TI) Archived 2008-08-21 at the Wayback Machine." Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Accessed September 14, 2008.
  26. ^ Burka, Paul (January 2006). "The M Word". Texas Monthly. Retrieved April 7, 2020. Of course, I live in Travis County, the only county to vote down Prop 2. [...] Travis voted just a tick short of 60 percent against it.
  27. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on July 29, 2021. Retrieved February 11, 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  28. ^ a b c d e f g h "Elected Democrats". Travis County Democratic Party. Retrieved March 16, 2024.
  29. ^ "Texas Proposition 13, Increase Mandatory Retirement Age for State Judges Amendment (2023)". Ballotpedia. Retrieved March 16, 2024.
  30. ^ "Texas Third District Court of Appeals". Ballotpedia. Retrieved March 16, 2024.
  31. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved March 20, 2018.
  32. ^ "Velva Price". Ballotpedia. Retrieved March 16, 2024.
  33. ^ "Yvonne Williams (Texas)". Ballotpedia. Retrieved March 16, 2024.
  34. ^ "Major Employers". Austin Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved April 20, 2015.
  35. ^ "2020 CENSUS - SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP: Travis County, TX" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on October 9, 2022. Retrieved June 29, 2022. - List
  37. ^ "TRAVIS COUNTY HEALTHCARE DISTRICT dba CENTRAL HEALTH Financial Statements as of and for the Year Ended September 30, 2017 and Independent Auditors' Report" (PDF). Maxwell Locke and Richter. p. 4 (PDF p. 6/36). Archived (PDF) from the original on October 9, 2022.
  38. ^ "Brackenridge Hospital". Handbook of Texas. Retrieved October 18, 2021.
  39. ^ "Austin bids farewell to Brackenridge Hospital after 133 years". Austin American-Statesman. May 19, 2017. Retrieved October 18, 2021.

External links[edit]

30°20′N 97°47′W / 30.33°N 97.78°W / 30.33; -97.78