Raquel's Roadhouse on the Western Highway, now closed
|Population||224 (2006 census)|
Trawalla is a town in central Western Victoria, Australia, located on the Western Highway, 41 kilometres (25 mi) west of Ballarat and 154 kilometres (96 mi) west of Melbourne, in the Shire of Pyrenees. At the 2006 census, Trawalla and the surrounding agricultural area had a population of 224.
Trawalla sits at the headwaters of the Mount Emu Creek where it crosses the Western Highway. The Ararat railway line passes through the area. A railway station was in service at Trawalla but closed in the 1960s. A local primary school, a roadhouse and the minimum security prison farm HM Prison Langi Kal Kal, are the focal points of the area. The Moner balug clan of the Wathaurong Aboriginal people called the area, Trawalla which means 'wild water' or possibly 'much rain'.
In 1836 the district was traversed and noted by explorer Sir Thomas Mitchell after ascending Mount Cole. The first European settlers to arrive in the area were squatters, Kenneth William Kirkland, his wife Katherine (née Hamilton) and daughter Agnes Anna, and Katherine's brothers Robert and James McGregor Hamilton, who established sheep and cattle grazing runs. Trawalla Station, was established by Hamilton in 1838 and acquired by Adolphus Goldsmith three years later. After passing through several owners the property was taken over by Rear Admiral Bridges in 1887. It was under his ownership that Trawalla House was constructed. Trawalla Post Office opened on 3 December 1864 at the time of closer settlement and closed 13 July 1974.
After Bridges' death in 1917 a large part of the Trawalla estate was acquired and subdivided by the Commonwealth Government for the Soldier settlement scheme. Land was subdivided into 93 allotments with sizes from 250 acres to 680 acres. The land was deemed appropriate for grazing and farming.
Trawalla is the birthplace of Australia's ninth Prime Minister James Scullin. James Henry Scullin was born on 18 September 1876. He died in Melbourne on 28 January 1953. He married Sarah McNamara in 1907, but had no children. He was commonly known as Jim. He was the fifth of the nine children of John Scullin and Ann Logan, both immigrants from Derry, Ireland. His father, John Scullin had been a miner and later a platelayer on the railways. He attended small state schools, first at Trawalla and later at Mount Rowan near Ballarat. A memorial cairn is located close to where Scullin lived.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Trawalla (State Suburb)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 4 October 2010.
- Smyth, R. B. (1878). The aborigines of Victoria With notes relating to the habits of the natives of other parts of Australia and Tasmania compiled from various sources for the Government of Victoria. Vol. I. Melbourne: J. Ferres. p 192 http://www1.aiatsis.gov.au/exhibitions/languages/smyth_pdf/m0053739_a.pdf. Retrieved 30 January 2010.
- Smyth, R. B. (1878). The aborigines of Victoria With notes relating to the habits of the natives of other parts of Australia and Tasmania compiled from various sources for the Government of Victoria. Vol. I. Melbourne: J. Ferres. p178 http://www1.aiatsis.gov.au/exhibitions/languages/smyth_pdf/m0050587_a.pdf. Retrieved 30 January 2010.
- Pascoe, B. (2007). Convincing ground: Learning to fall in love with your country. Canberra: Aboriginal Studies Press. P264.
- "Historical Towns Directory". Australian Heritage. Retrieved 11 April 2008.
- "Post Office List". Premier Postal History. Retrieved 9 June 2014.
- " Trawalla Estate Soldier Settlers", PROV Wiki, Retrieved on 20 September 2012.
- Nunan, Jim; The Back-To-Trawalla Committee. Squatters and Soldiers: Trawalla 1839–1971. Ballarat, Australia: Waller and Chester. pp. 18–23. ISBN 0-9599408-0-4.
- "Prime Ministers of Australia: James Scullin". National Museum of Australia, Canberra. Archived from the original on 21 October 2007. Retrieved 2008-04-11.
Media related to Trawalla, Victoria at Wikimedia Commons