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|Region or state||Záhorie|
|Main ingredients||Dough, sugar, walnuts|
Trdelník or trdlo is a kind of spit cake. It is made from rolled dough that is wrapped around a stick, then grilled and topped with sugar and walnut mix.
Trdelník originates from the cuisine of the Hungarian speaking part of Transylvania (in today's Romania), where it is called kürtőskalács. After 2010 it has penetrated to many places popular for tourists in the Czech Republic or Slovakia. The word trdelník is of Czech-Slovak origin; the root of this word, trdlo, is the name of the wooden tool the cake ingredients are wrapped around during cooking (which gives it its traditional hollow shape), and can also mean "simpleton" in English (see trdlo).
Nowadays, trdelník is very popular among tourists as a sweet pastry in many countries, mostly in the Czech Republic. Alternative versions, with fillings such as ice cream, has been spreading in popularity from its origin in Prague after 2010.
The version from the Slovak town of Skalica (Skalický trdelník) was registered in December 2007 as a PGI (protected geographical indication) in the European Union. The registration application with the detailed description of the product was published in April 2007 in the Official Journal of the European Union.
Tourism in Prague
Although trdelník is usually presented as "a traditional Czech cake" or "the old Bohemian pastry", the mass spread of this dessert in Prague is recognized to have started at some point around 2010. The local populations in the Czech Republic usually have never heard of trdelník, so the mass spread of trdelník can be considered a symptom of mass tourism — a marketing trick, scam or a tourist trap. Sellers often make tourists think that they are eating something traditional. Czech cinematographer and reporter Janek Rubeš (cs) says that trdelník is only made for tourists, arguing that even the hamburger is more traditional in the Czech Republic. He also says in the video for tourists on his YouTube channel Honest Guide: "Ask any Czech grandmother, how often she was making this... NEVER [...] Just keep in mind, that has nothing to do with us. Ok? It came with you."
The production of trdelník has a long tradition in the Slovak town of Skalica near the border with the Czech Republic. The original recipe was owned by the cook of József Gvadányi a retired Hungarian general what is resident of Skalica at the end of the 18th century. The original recipe was improved by the inhabitants of Skalica to its final form now known as Skalický trdelník.
The civil association Skalický trdelník was founded at the end of 2004 with the goal of keeping the tradition of the original open fire Trdelník production.
- Hungary - Known in Hungary as Kürtőskalács
- Austria - Known in Austria as Prügelkrapfen
- Germany - Known in Germany as Baumstriezel
- Luxembourg - known in Luxembourg as Baamkuch, has become a traditional dish served mostly on special occasions, such as weddings.
- Poland - Sękacz is a similar cake also cooked on a spit, normally over an open fire.
- Lithuania - Šakotis or Raguolis (Bankuchinas as known in western part of Lithuania) is made similarly but looks, tastes and is eaten completely different.
- Romania - Colac secuiesc is a similar cake also cooked on a spit.
- Turkey - Known in Turkey as makara
- Israel - Known in Israel as kyortush
- South Africa - Known in South Africa as stokbrood
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