Treasure County, Montana

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Treasure County
Yucca Theatre, in Hysham, Montana.
Map of Montana highlighting Treasure County
Location within the U.S. state of Montana
Map of the United States highlighting Montana
Montana's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 46°12′N 107°16′W / 46.2°N 107.27°W / 46.2; -107.27
Country United States
State Montana
Founded1919
SeatHysham
Largest townHysham
Area
 • Total984 sq mi (2,550 km2)
 • Land977 sq mi (2,530 km2)
 • Water6.6 sq mi (17 km2)  0.7%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total762
 • Estimate 
(2021)
768 Increase
 • Density0.77/sq mi (0.30/km2)
Time zoneUTC−7 (Mountain)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−6 (MDT)
Congressional districtAt-large
  • Montana county number 33

Treasure County is a county in the U.S. state of Montana. As of the 2020 census, the population was 762,[1] making it the second-least populous county in Montana. Its county seat is Hysham.[2] The county was founded in 1919.[3]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 984 square miles (2,550 km2), of which 977 square miles (2,530 km2) is land and 6.6 square miles (17 km2) (0.7%) is water.[4] It is the fourth-smallest county in Montana by land area.

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
19201,990
19301,661−16.5%
19401,499−9.8%
19501,402−6.5%
19601,345−4.1%
19701,069−20.5%
1980981−8.2%
1990874−10.9%
2000861−1.5%
2010718−16.6%
20207626.1%
2021 (est.)768[5]0.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2020[1]

2000 census[edit]

As of the 2000 census,[10] there were 861 people, 357 households, and 242 families in the county. The population density was <1/km2 (1/sq mi). There were 422 housing units at an average density of 0.4/square mile (0.2/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 96.40% White, 0.12% Black or African American, 1.63% Native American, 0.35% Asian, 0.93% from other races, and 0.58% from two or more races. 1.51% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 29.2% were of German, 14.4% Norwegian, 11.2% Irish, 9.2% American and 5.5% English ancestry.

There were 357 households, out of which 30.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.10% were married couples living together, 4.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.20% were non-families. 30.00% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.98.

The county population contained 27.80% under the age of 18, 5.00% from 18 to 24, 23.20% from 25 to 44, 27.30% from 45 to 64, and 16.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females, there were 104.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $29,830, and the median income for a family was $34,219. Males had a median income of $22,750 versus $17,188 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,392. About 8.50% of families and 14.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.80% of those under age 18 and 11.10% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 census, there were 718 people, 335 households, and 219 families residing in the county.[11] The population density was 0.7 inhabitants per square mile (0.27/km2). There were 422 housing units at an average density of 0.4/square mile (0.2/km2).[12] The racial makeup of the county was 93.9% white, 0.8% American Indian, 0.4% Asian, 1.9% from other races, and 2.9% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 3.5% of the population.[11] In terms of ancestry, 40.2% were American, 22.4% were German, 9.9% were English, 9.9% were Irish, and 7.4% were Norwegian.[13]

Of the 335 households, 22.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.5% were married couples living together, 2.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.6% were non-families, and 32.5% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.14 and the average family size was 2.67. The median age was 51.5 years.[11]

The median income for a household in the county was $37,969 and the median income for a family was $51,458. Males had a median income of $38,194 versus $26,563 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,882. About 4.6% of families and 8.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.2% of those under age 18 and 5.6% of those age 65 or over.[14]

Politics[edit]

Treasure County voters are reliably Republican. They have only selected the Democratic Party candidate in five national elections (as of 2021) during the century of the county's existence as an independent unit.

United States presidential election results for Treasure County, Montana[15]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 373 81.09% 78 16.96% 9 1.96%
2016 351 79.23% 59 13.32% 33 7.45%
2012 319 70.11% 114 25.05% 22 4.84%
2008 314 64.61% 156 32.10% 16 3.29%
2004 348 72.20% 121 25.10% 13 2.70%
2000 344 71.82% 106 22.13% 29 6.05%
1996 237 47.59% 171 34.34% 90 18.07%
1992 206 37.66% 157 28.70% 184 33.64%
1988 291 54.29% 231 43.10% 14 2.61%
1984 353 61.28% 209 36.28% 14 2.43%
1980 321 57.94% 181 32.67% 52 9.39%
1976 315 55.85% 239 42.38% 10 1.77%
1972 377 65.68% 176 30.66% 21 3.66%
1968 298 56.55% 188 35.67% 41 7.78%
1964 251 46.83% 285 53.17% 0 0.00%
1960 300 52.63% 270 47.37% 0 0.00%
1956 337 57.22% 252 42.78% 0 0.00%
1952 392 65.66% 205 34.34% 0 0.00%
1948 253 45.18% 291 51.96% 16 2.86%
1944 287 50.09% 282 49.21% 4 0.70%
1940 287 47.05% 321 52.62% 2 0.33%
1936 244 36.47% 398 59.49% 27 4.04%
1932 276 46.31% 310 52.01% 10 1.68%
1928 354 65.43% 186 34.38% 1 0.18%
1924 289 55.36% 84 16.09% 149 28.54%
1920 517 71.41% 174 24.03% 33 4.56%

Communities[edit]

Town[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Ghost town[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 23, 2022.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Montana Place Names from Alzada to Zortman. Helena, MT: Montana Historical Society Press. 2009. p. 267.
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on December 5, 2014. Retrieved November 30, 2014.
  5. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Counties: April 1, 2020 to July 1, 2021". Retrieved June 26, 2022.
  6. ^ "United States Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 30, 2014.
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved November 30, 2014.
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 30, 2014.
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 27, 2010. Retrieved November 30, 2014.
  10. ^ "United States Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  11. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved January 10, 2016.
  12. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved January 10, 2016.
  13. ^ "Selected Social Characteristics in the US – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved January 10, 2016.
  14. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved January 10, 2016.
  15. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 3, 2018.

Coordinates: 46°12′N 107°16′W / 46.20°N 107.27°W / 46.20; -107.27