Treasure Island (1950 film)
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Byron Haskin|
|Produced by||Walt Disney
|Screenplay by||Lawrence Edward Watkin|
|Based on||Treasure Island
by Robert Louis Stevenson
|Music by||Clifton Parker|
|Edited by||Alan Jaggs|
|Distributed by||RKO Radio Pictures|
Treasure Island is a 1950 live action adventure film produced by Walt Disney Productions, adapted from the Robert Louis Stevenson's 1883 novel Treasure Island. It stars Bobby Driscoll as Jim Hawkins, and Robert Newton as Long John Silver. Treasure Island is notable for being Disney's first completely live-action film and the first screen version of Treasure Island made in color. It was filmed in England on location and at Denham Film Studios, Buckinghamshire.
In the West Coast of England in 1765, a young boy called Jim Hawkins lives with his mother in a tiny country inn which they run. Captain William Bones, a sickly lodger, gives Hawkins a treasure map after being visited by two pirates, the second of whom gives the captain a note marked with the black spot. That same night Bones is found dead at the inn, and Hawkins shows Squire Trelawney the map. Trelawney recognises the map as belonging to the buccaneer Captain Flint and bankrolls a voyage to discover the pirate's lost treasure. Trelawney hires Captain Smollett and his ship, the Hispaniola, bringing along his friend Dr. Livesey as the ship's doctor and Hawkins as the cabin boy.
Before departure Trelawney is taken in by Long John Silver, a one-legged inn-keeper, who agrees to gather a crew. Silver strikes up a friendship with Hawkins, and joins the expedition as the ship's cook. Smollett is concerned about the crew, especially when he reveals to Trelawney that the nature of their journey is common knowledge.
At sea Hawkins overhears Silver and the crew's plan to mutiny, discovering that the seamen hired by Silver are Captain Flint's old crew. Jim reveals the treachery to Smollett who asks Hawkins to stay friends with Silver to learn more. Upon reaching Treasure Island, Silver offers to tow the ship to a safer anchorage, using two of the ship's row boats. While the ship is being towed, one of Silver's men, Merry, leads a mutiny on the ship. Smollett, having been forewarned of the plot by Hawkins, is able to hold them off with the few men loyal to him and imprisons the mutineers below decks. Silver cuts the row boats from the Hispaniola and heads for shore with the rest of his men, taking Hawkins as a hostage. Smollett, Trelawney and Livesey go ashore after them, leaving two guards on the ship.
On the island, Hawkins escapes and meets Ben Gunn, marooned by Flint five years ago. Gunn shows Hawkins the boat he's built, then leads him to Flint's stockade, where he meets up with Smollett and the others. Meanwhile, Merry escapes, takes the ship and raises the Jolly Roger. Silver returns to the Hispaniola, arms his men with muskets and makes plans to take the stockade. Short of men, Silver attempts to parlay with Smollett, but when he is rebuffed, Silver calls his men to attack. The assault on the stockade fails, but Silver wounds Smollett. Although seemingly protected by the stockade, Smollett surmises that, with the morning tide, Silver could move the Hispaniola into cannon range and level the fort.
Hawkins takes Gunn's boat and cuts the Hispaniola's anchor rope. The pirate Israel Hands discovers Hawkins, and chases him up into the ship's rigging. Hands injures Hawkins arm with a throwing knife, but is killed by the boy's pistol. Hawkins strikes the Jolly Roger and hoists the Union Jack. Slowed by his wound, it takes him all night to get back to the stockade, which is unguarded. Inside, Hawkins searches for the doctor to tend his wound, but the man asleep under Livesey's coat is Long John Silver. Hawkins faints on the spot. Silver finds the map on him as his men wake up. Merry wants Hawkins dead, but Silver states he wants to trade him for the map, which his men believe is with Smollett. The men go outside to vote, pirate-style. From the stockade's lookout, Silver sees that the ship's aground, flying the Union Jack. The men give Silver the black spot, but he objects. Rattled, they let him bargain with Livesey for the map. Silver returns with Jim, flaunting the map. The pirates are overjoyed until they find out that the treasure - 700,000 pounds sterling - isn't there. The pirates turn on Silver, who manages to kill three of them before Smollett's men appear to defeat the rest. Greeting Silver, Gunn reveals that he's the one who dug up Flint's treasure and has stashed it in a cave.
Captain Smollett still wants Silver taken back for trial in England. Hawkins, Trelawney and two others take Silver to the Hispaniola aboard a row boat loaded with a chest of treasure. Silver snatches Jim's pistol and forces Trelawney and the others out of the boat. He wants Hawkins to steer while he rows, but Hawkins beaches them instead. Silver orders Hawkins to push him off, but Jim refuses and Silver threatens to shoot him. Silver is unable to carry out his threat and drops the pistol, attempting to push the boat off himself. Seeing Silver struggle, Hawkins helps him, waving a hesitant farewell as Silver rows away.
- Bobby Driscoll as Jim Hawkins
- Robert Newton as Long John Silver
- Basil Sydney as Captain Smollett
- Walter Fitzgerald as Squire Trelawney
- Denis O'Dea as Dr. Livesey
- Finlay Currie as Capt. Billy Bones
- Ralph Truman as George Merry
- Geoffrey Keen as Israel Hands
- Geoffrey Wilkinson as Ben Gunn
- John Laurie as Blind Pew
- Francis de Wolff as Black Dog
- David Davies as Mr. Arrow
- John Gregson as Redruth
- Andrew Blackett as Gray
- William Devlin as Morgan
- Howard Douglas as Williams
- Harry Locke as Haggott
- Sam Kydd as Cady
- Stephen Jack as Job
- Harold Jamieson as Scully
- Diarmuid Kelly as Bolen
- Patrick Troughton as Roach
Exterior scenes were shot in Cornwall (River Fal, Falmouth, Carrick Roads, Gull Rock and Helford River), Devon (cliff scenes), Bristol (wharf) and Iver Heath in Buckinghamshire. Interiors were filmed at Denham Film Studios, Denham, Buckinghamshire.
The film was the sixth most popular movie at the British box office in 1950.
In 1954, Newton reprised his role of Long John Silver in a non-Disney sequel also directed by Haskin, Long John Silver (this, incidentally, was the first CinemaScope film to be shot in Australia) and went on to play Silver again in a television series, The Adventures of Long John Silver (made 1954–55), also shot at Pagewood Studios Sydney, made before Australia had television.
The film is recognized by American Film Institute in these lists:
Re-releases, re-editing, and home video
Walt Disney Productions re-released the film to US theaters in 1975. It had to be submitted to the MPAA to receive a rating; they gave the film a PG. At the time, Disney had a G-only policy that would not be relaxed for another four years to allow PG-rated films, so they cut the film to receive a G rating.  Those cuts totaled 9 minutes, bringing the film's running time down to 87 minutes.
The film came out on videotape in the US in 1981, 1986, 1991, and 1997, and on laserdisc in 1983  and 1992. While the original videotape and laserdisc contained the 87-minute G-rated version, by the early 1990s the studio had restored the original cut with a PG rating, as several Disney-branded releases had already been rated PG by this point, and every release since 1991, including the 2003 DVD release, has been the uncut 96-minute version.
Comic book adaptation
- Return to Treasure Island, a 10-part 1986 Disney Channel sequel co-produced by Disney with HTV and starring Brian Blessed as Long John Silver.
- "Treasure Island: Detail View". American Film Institute. Retrieved May 18, 2014.
- "IMDb: Treasure Island (1950)". Retrieved 17 October 2014.
- "BOB HOPE BEST DRAW IN BRITISH THEATRES.". The Mercury (Hobart, Tas. : 1860 - 1954). Hobart, Tas.: National Library of Australia. 29 December 1950. p. 4. Retrieved 24 April 2012.
- "AFI's 100 Years...100 Heroes & Villains Nominees" (PDF). Retrieved 2016-08-06.
- "Treasure Island (1950)". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved September 29, 2016.
- "Treasure Island [41AS]". LaserDisc Database. Retrieved September 29, 2016.
- "Treasure Island [041 AS]". LaserDisc Database. Retrieved September 29, 2016.
- "Dell Four Color #624". Grand Comics Database.
- Dell Four Color #624 at the Comic Book DB