Treaty 2 is an agreement signed on August 21, 1871, between the Crown in Right of Canada and various First Nation band governments in southwestern Manitoba and a small part of southeastern Saskatchewan; treaty signatories from this region included the Ojibwe Nations.
This was the second treaty signed since the 1867 formation of the modern Canadian government, and one year after the province Manitoba joined the Canadian Confederation.
It was also known as the "Manitoba Post Treaty," named after the fur trading post of the Hudson's Bay Company where the treaty was signed. Manitoba Post was located on the northwest shore of Lake Manitoba. The terms of this treaty were similar to that of Treaty 1.
Treaty 1 and Treaty 2 were amended by an Order in Council on April 30, 1875, to add provisions which were originally promised verbally by the government. Similar "outside promises" were included in the text of 1873's Treaty 3, adding further pressure on the government to include such provisions in the earlier treaties.
List of Treaty 2 First Nations
- Dauphin River First Nation
- Ebb and Flow First Nation
- Keeseekoowenin Ojibway First Nation
- Lake Manitoba First Nation
- Lake St. Martin First Nation
- Little Saskatchewan First Nation
- O-Chi-Chak-Ko-Sipi First Nation (Crane River)
- Pinaymootang First Nation (Fairford)
- Skownan First Nation (formerly Waterhen First Nation)
- "Numbered Treaty Overview". Canadiana.org (Formerly Canadian Institute for Historical Microreproductions). Canada in the Making. Retrieved 2009-11-16.
On a memorandum dated 27th April, 1875, from the Honourable the Minister of the Interior, bringing under consideration the very unsatisfactory state of affairs arising out of the so-called "outside promises" in connection with the Indian Treaties Nos. 1 and 2, Manitoba and North-west Territories, concluded, the former on the 3rd August, 1871, and the latter on 21st of the same month, and recommending for the reasons
- Treaty 2 including text
- Map of the Numbered Treaties
- Treaty 2 , including the negotiations on which they were based Canadiana (Formerly Canadian Institute for Historical Microreproductions)
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