Treaty of Casco (1678)

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Treaty of Casco (1678) brought to a close the war between the eastern Indians and the English settlers of Massachusetts Bay Colony. The treaty sought to re-establish the friendly relations between the Indians and settlers that had characterized the northern settlements previous to the outbreak of King Philip's War in 1675. Based on the terms of the accord, all captives were to be surrendered without ransom. The treaty also stipulated that the English should give the Indians one peck of corn annually for each family settled on Indian lands, with the exception of Maj. Phillips of Saco, a great proprietor, who was required to give a bushel each Native American family.

The Pokanoket tribe was prevented from signing the Treaty by an English bounty placed on the lives of every Pokanoket over the age 14. [1] Some argue that the Treaty of Casco included the Pokanoket Tribe in absentia, drawing on other landmark court rulings which rely on statutes concerning the "operation of law".

The Treaty included establishing Fort Charles at Pemaquid.[2]



  1. ^ As a result of the bounty, the Pokanokets fled, many executed, endentured and the survivors went into hiding, identifying themselves by using the general term Wampanoag, which included dozens of tribes. Some original Pokanokets fled North to continue their fight against the colonists. Despite the bounty, many attended Church services to gather and continue to foster their culture and Royal Line, which continues until the present day.
  2. ^ Story of Pemaquid



  • Pokanoket Tribe - official site of the modern day tribe and headship of the Royal House of the Seven Crescents of the Pokanoket/Wampanoag Nation and tribe.

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