Treaty of Lochaber

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Following the Treaty of Fort Stanwix in November of 1768, which established the boundary lines to the north of Virginia, Lord Shelburne in London was anxious to settle disputes along the western frontier in order to avoid more conflict with the Native Americans. This led to the Treaty of Lochaber which was signed in South Carolina on October 18, 1770 by British representative John Stuart and the Cherokees. Based on the terms of the accord, the Cherokee relinquished all claims to property from the North Carolina and Virginia border to a point six miles east of Long Island of the Holston River in present-day Kingsport, TN to the mouth of the Kanawha River at present-day Point Pleasant, West Virginia in Mason County. The North Carolina-Virginia border at this time was along the 36° 30' parallel in present-day Tennessee. The south fork of the Holston River was agreed to become the southern bounds due to settler's confusion of where the parallel ran. Therefore, "North of the Holston" settlers were considered outside of the Cherokee lands.[1] In this treaty, the Cherokee surrendered their rights to the remaining land in present-day southern West Virginia not included in the Treaty of Hard Labour in October of 1768.