Treaty of Tarawa
On September 20, 1979, representatives of the newly independent Republic of Kiribati and of the United States met in Tarawa to sign a treaty of friendship between the two nations, known as the Treaty of Tarawa. More formally, the treaty is entitled, "Kiribati, Treaty of Friendship and Territorial Sovereignty, September 20, 1979"; and subtitled "Treaty of Friendship Between the United States of America and the Republic of Kiribati". In this treaty, the U.S. acknowledged Kiribati sovereignty over fourteen islands. The treaty was approved by the U.S. Senate on June 21, 1983. The treaty came into force on September 23, 1983, by the exchange of the instruments of ratification, which took place at Suva, Fiji. This, together with British cessation of claims, ended the Canton and Enderbury Islands Condominium, which had begun under the terms of the Guano Islands Act. In Art. 3 the US have reserved the right to maintain military bases on the Islands of Canton, Enderbury or Hull.
Islands mentioned in the treaty
- Line Islands — divided by the treaty.
- Howland and Baker islands — U.S. possessions not included in the treaty.
"Treaty of friendship between the United States of America and the Republic of Kiribati". Retrieved 2018-01-18.
Advise and consent to ratification by the Senate June 21, 1983;
- US Department of State Background Note
- Text of the Treaty United Nations, Treaty Series, #28230