Treaty of Vienna (1606)

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The Treaty of Vienna (also known as the Peace of Vienna) was signed on 23 June 1606 between Stephen Bocskay, a Hungarian noble, and Archduke Rudolph. Based on the terms of the treaty, all constitutional and religious rights and privileges were granted to the Hungarians in both Transylvania and Royal Hungary. In Sopron, for instance, the agreement recognized the autocracy of Hungarian Lutherans; in Transylvania, the Calvinists gained religious tolerance. The accord also recognized Bocskay as the Prince of Transylvania and guaranteed the right of Transylvanians to elect their own independent princes in the future.

Due to its importance for the Calvinists in Hungary and Transylvania, the first sentences of the treaty and its signing are depicted on the Reformation Wall in Geneva, a monument that honours important figures of the Protestant Reformation, next to the statue of Stephen Bocskay.

Since Stephen Bocskay had sought the support of the Ottoman Empire, the Treaty of Vienna was followed by the Peace of Zsitvatorok between Sultan Ahmed I and Archduke Matthias of Austria (11 November 1606).

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References[edit]

  • Nemes Elek: Az 1606-ki bécsi békekötés létrejöttének története. Erdélyi Múzeum, VI. évf. 1. sz. (1879. jan. 1.)[History of making the Treaty of Vienna in 1606].
  • Az 1606. évi bécsi és zsitvatoroki béke. Bocskay halála[Treaty of Vienna and Zitvatorok in 1606, Death of [Istvan] Bocskay]. In Bánlaky József: A magyar nemzet hadtörténelme.[Military history of Hungarian nation] . Budapest: Arcanum. 2001. ISBN 963 86118 7 1
  • A bécsi és zsitvatoroki béke[History of Treaty of Vienna and Treaty of Zitvatorok] . In A magyar nemzet története[History of the Hungarian nation] . Szerk. Szilágyi Sándor. Budapest: Arcanum. 2002. ISBN 963 9374 26 1

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