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Trebević view from Sarajevo
|Elevation||1,627 m (5,338 ft)|
|Location||Bosnia and Herzegovina|
|Parent range||Dinaric Alps|
Trebević (Serbian Cyrillic: Требевић) is a mountain in central Bosnia and Herzegovina, located to the southeast of Sarajevo, in the territory of East Sarajevo city, bordering Jahorina mountain. Trebević is 1,627 meters (5,338 ft) tall, making it the second shortest of the Sarajevo mountains.
During the Middle Ages, Trebević was known as Zlatni Do. During the 1984 Winter Olympics Trebević, like the other Sarajevo mountains, was used for a number of Olympic events, such as bobsledding.
Trebević today is important as a tourist destination for citizens of Sarajevo as Igman or Bjelašnica. Most of the land mines are now cleared from heavy fighting that took place in the early 1990s. There are few hotels, mountaineering homes, and other such structures on Trebević and the immediate area. Mountain is very popular for family picnic, hiking, climbing, mountain biking and it has downhill track for local and international competitions.
Trebević has been the main excursion site of Sarajevo citizens due to the favorable geographical position, climate and the beauty of the nature. The biological diversity is among the highest and it is extraordinary to find such a phenomenon near the hearth of the big city. On 9 April 2014, Sarajevo Canton Assembly declared Trebević a protected area, in order to conserve and improve each element of the geographical and biological diversity.
1984 Winter Olympics
Mineral and Crystal deposits
Orthodox cross controversy
In March 2008, a Bosnian Serb organization Savez logoraša Republike Srpske (Association of Bosnian Serb War Prisoners), led by Branislav Dukić, announced its intention to erect a giant 26-meter (85 ft) high Orthodox Christian cross at the part of the mountain on Republika Srpska territory in order to commemorate the Serb victims in Sarajevo during the Bosnian War. The idea followed a move by Bosnian Croats who erected a Catholic Christian cross on Hum Hill above Mostar, remembering Croats killed there during the Bosnian War. High Representative for Bosnia and Herzegovina Miroslav Lajčák asked Republika Srpska authorities not to allow the construction of the cross.
The Sarajevo Association of War Victims criticized the plan to build the cross, calling it shameful to build the memorial in a location from which the Serb artillery pounded the city, killing thousands of people. The association issued a statement calling the planned monument a "provocation for the citizens of Sarajevo."
Residents of Sarajevo, witnesses in the U.N. International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY) prosecutions, confirmed that during the war, city was shelled frequently from firing positions at Mount Trebević, harming many civilians. The ICTY has convicted two Bosnian Serb generals of war crimes for ordering the relentless shelling, sniping and indiscriminate terror in Sarajevo during the 44-month siege. The artillery position on Trebević was one of the deadliest. In the ICTY prosecution of Dragomir Milošević and Stanislav Galić, former commanders of the Sarajevo-Romanija Corps of the Republika Srpska Army, he was sentenced to 29 years in prison for the terror, murder and inhumane acts conducted during a campaign of sniping and shelling which resulted in the injury and death of a great number of civilians in the besieged Bosnian capital. A huge part of the shelling and sniping came from the slopes of Mount Trebević. ICTY trial chamber also found that "the mortar shell causing second Markale massacres at around 11:00 AM on 28 August 1995. was fired from the (Bosnian-Serb) VRS held territory on the slopes of Mt. Trebević.
Citizens, NGO and city representatives of Sarajevo on 3 January every year commemorate the tragic death of six members of Tatarević - Dragnić family (among them two children, Asja, aged 10, and Nadan, 16 years old) who were killed in their apartment during lunch by a shell that came from the Republica Srpska Army position at the Trebević.
The structure was built in early 2014, only for it to be demolished within a month by unknown actors. There has recently[when?] been talk about its reconstruction; however, this has yet to materialise due to the fear of it being demolished once again.
- "Zaštićeni pejzaž "Trebević"". Javna ustanova Zaštićena prirodna područja Kantona Sarajevo. Archived from the original on 31 March 2015. Retrieved 13 April 2015.
- "Mineral and crystal deposits in Sarajevo Canton". mindat.org. 31 August 2015.
- "Sarajevans angered by Serbian cross project". NBCnews. 12 March 2008. Retrieved 12 July 2016.
- Bosnia Serbs To Erect Sarajevo Cross Archived 2013-10-07 at the Wayback Machine, Balkaninsight.com, 12 March 2008
- Int'l administrator: Bosnian Serb authorities should not allow giant cross over Sarajevo, Associated Press/International Herald Tribune, 14 March 2008
- "ICTY: Stanislav Galić judgement" (PDF).
- "ICTY: Dragomir Milošević judgement" (PDF).
- Dragomir Milošević Judgment, Para 719
- Perisic Judgment, Para 467
- "Od agresorske granate za ručkom ubijena cijela porodica". Klix. 3 January 2012. Retrieved 8 April 2015.
- "Savez logoraša plaši se da bi krst na Zlatištu mogao biti srušen, čekaju dozvolu". radiosarajevo.ba. 18 July 2018. Retrieved 14 July 2020.
- Media related to Trebević at Wikimedia Commons