Trebisht

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Trebisht
Administrative Unit
Trebisht is located in Albania
Trebisht
Trebisht
Coordinates: 41°25′N 20°32′E / 41.417°N 20.533°E / 41.417; 20.533Coordinates: 41°25′N 20°32′E / 41.417°N 20.533°E / 41.417; 20.533
Country Albania Albania
County Dibër
Municipality Bulqizë
Population (2011)
 • Administrative Unit 993
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Vehicle registration BZ

Trebisht (Macedonian: Требиште, Bulgarian: Требище or Требища[1]) is a former municipality in the Dibër County, eastern Albania. At the 2015 local government reform it became a subdivision of the municipality Bulqizë.[2] The population at the 2011 census was 993.[3] Within the municipality, the village of Trebisht consists of the three neighborhoods of Trebisht-Mucin, Trebisht-Balajë, and Trebisht-Celebi.[4]

History[edit]

A demographic study published in 1878, reflecting statistics of the male population from 1873, stated that the population of Trébichta consisted of 150 households with 144 Bulgarian Christians and 265 Slavic Muslims.[5]

In the early 20th century, Trebisht was a village with a mixed population of Bulgarian Muslims and Bulgarian Christians, according to Bulgarian geographer Vasil Kanchov's statistics. The Muslim population was prevalent.[6]

Demographics[edit]

According to the Macedonian Academy of Sciences and Arts, Macedonian is spoken in the villages that make up Trebisht.[7] According to Bulgarian linguists, the dialect of Trebisht is part of the Bulgarian language.[8] According to some sources the village is inhabited by Orthodox Macedonians and Macedonian Muslims, who do not have official recognition from the Albanian government.[9]

Education[edit]

In 2009, a Macedonian language school opened in Trebisht, however these courses were met with fierce opposition from local authorities who called for the school to be shut down. Intervention from the Albanian Ministry of Education and from the Albanian Prime minister, Sali Berisha, ensured that the Macedonian language courses were able to continue education over 200 young Macedonians in their native Macedonian language.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Тончева, Веселка Българите от Голо Бърдо, Република Албания. Традиции, музика, идентичност, София 2009, ч. І, с. 105-106, 209. (Toncheva, Veseka. The Bulgarians from Golo Bardo, Albania. Traditions, Music, Identity, Sofia 209, p. 105-106, 209)
  2. ^ Law nr. 115/2014
  3. ^ 2011 census results
  4. ^ "Strategic Development Plan of Trebisht Commune" (PDF). p. 4. Retrieved 23 July 2014. 
  5. ^ „Македония и Одринско. Статистика на населението от 1873 г.“ Македонски научен институт, Sofia, 1995, стр.174-175.
  6. ^ Кънчов, Васил. „Македония. Етнография и статистика“. София, 1900, стр.261. (Kanchov, Vasil. Macedonia — ethnography and statistics Sofia, 1900, p. 261).
  7. ^ Vidoeski, Božidar. Dijalektite na makedonskiot jazik I. Skopje: MANU. 1998.
  8. ^ Асенова, Петя. Местни имена от Голо бърдо, Североизточна Албания, в: Езиковедски проучвания в памет на проф. Йордан Заимов, София 2005, с. 42-53. Тончева, Веселка Българите от Голо Бърдо, Република Албания. Традиции, музика, идентичност, София 2009, ч. І, с. 103. (Toncheva, Veseka. The Bulgarians from Golo Bardo, Albania. Traditions, Music, Identity, Sofia 209, p. 103.))
  9. ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/macedonian/specials/1356_alb_macethnic/page7.shtml
  10. ^ http://www.a1.com.mk/vesti/default.aspx?VestID=119731