Treble (association football)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

FC Barcelona are the only European team in football history to win a continental treble twice, in 2008–09 and in 2014–15.

A treble in association football is achieved when a club team wins three trophies in a single season. A 'continental treble'[1] involves winning the club's national league competition, main national cup competition and a continental trophy. A 'domestic treble' involves winning three national competitions—normally the league title, the primary cup competition and one secondary competition.[2][3]

Competitions which consist of a single match or a two-leg match (e.g. the FA Community Shield, Irish FA Charity Shield, Supercopa de España, Trophée des Champions, the Recopa Sudamericana, the UEFA Super Cup or the Intercontinental Cup) are not normally counted as part of a treble.

Continental trebles[edit]

This list includes clubs who have won their country's top tier league and the primary cup competition (the double), in addition to the major continental tournament, all within a single season. This was first achieved in 1967 by Celtic, winning the Scottish Football League, Scottish Cup and European Cup.

In total, 19 clubs across five confederations have achieved the feat on 23 occasions since 1967, including seven African clubs, seven European clubs[4], two Oceanian clubs, two North American clubs and one Asian club. This list does not include secondary continental and domestic competitions.

In Europe, Spanish club Barcelona is the only club to have won this treble twice.[5][6]

Club Country Confederation Season/Year(s) Titles won
Celtic Scotland Scotland UEFA 1966–67[b] Scottish Football League, Scottish Cup, European Cup
Ajax Netherlands Netherlands 1971–72 Eredivisie, KNVB Cup, European Cup
PSV Eindhoven 1987–88 Eredivisie, KNVB Cup, European Cup
Manchester United England England 1998–99 Premier League, FA Cup, UEFA Champions League
Barcelona Spain Spain 2008–09 La Liga, Copa del Rey, UEFA Champions League
Internazionale Italy Italy 2009–10 Serie A, Coppa Italia, UEFA Champions League
Bayern Munich Germany Germany 2012–13[i] Bundesliga, DFB Pokal, UEFA Champions League
Barcelona (2) Spain Spain 2014–15 La Liga, Copa del Rey, UEFA Champions League
Englebert Democratic Republic of the Congo DR Congo CAF 1967 Linafoot, Coupe du Congo, African Cup of Champions
Vita Club Zaire Zaire 1973 Linafoot, Coupe du Congo, African Cup of Champions
MC Algiers Algeria Algeria 1976 Algerian Championnat National, Algerian Cup, African Cup of Champions
Club Africain Tunisia Tunisia 1991–92 Tunisian Ligue Professionnelle 1, Tunisian Cup, CAF Champions League
Hearts of Oak Ghana Ghana 2000 Ghana Premier League, Ghanaian FA Cup, CAF Champions League
Al-Ahly Egypt Egypt 2005–06[g] Egyptian League, Egyptian Soccer Cup, CAF Champions League
Espérance Tunisia Tunisia 2011 Tunisian Ligue Professionnelle 1, Tunisian Cup, CAF Champions League
Cruz Azul Mexico Mexico CONCACAF 1968–69[e] Primera División de México, Copa México, CONCACAF Champions Cup
Defence Force Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago 1985 TT Pro League, Trinidad and Tobago Cup, CONCACAF Champions Cup
Yomiuri Japan Japan AFC 1987 Japanese First Division, Emperor's Cup, Asian Club Championship
Auckland City New Zealand New Zealand OFC 2006 NZFC Championship, NZFC Premiership, OFC Champions League
Waitakere United New Zealand New Zealand 2008 NZFC Championship, NZFC Premiership, OFC Champions League
Auckland City (2) New Zealand New Zealand 2013–14[d] NZFC Championship, NZFC Premiership, OFC Champions League
Auckland City (3) New Zealand New Zealand 2014–15[c] NZFC Championship, NZFC Premiership, OFC Champions League

Domestic trebles[edit]

A domestic treble consists of a club winning three of their country's competitions (top-tier league, cup, league cup, etc), all during one season. Many countries do not have a third domestic competition (such as a League Cup), besides competitions consisting of a single match or a two-leg match (e.g. Supercups), so achieving a domestic treble is impossible (modern examples include Germany and Italy).

Some leagues, including the A-League, the New Zealand Football Championship, the Premier Soccer League in South Africa, the Q-League in Qatar and Major League Soccer, each award only one championship trophy at the end of postseason knockout playoffs. However, teams in those leagues are able to achieve a domestic treble as those leagues award separate trophies for the team that finishes the regular season atop the league table.

Most Latin American leagues host two league competitions per season with each one lasting half of a year. Also, some cases like Mexico also host two of the same cup competition. Brazil has an unofficial "Triple Crown", a name given to a team that wins the national league, the national cup, and their state league.

Note that trophy competitions which consist of a single match or a two-leg match (e.g. Supercups in general) are generally not counted as part of a treble.

Club Country Number
won
Year(s) won Titles won
Rangers Scotland Scotland
7
1949, 1964, 1976[n], 1978, 1993, 1999, 2003[7] Scottish League, Scottish Cup, Scottish League Cup
South China Hong Kong Hong Kong
6
1972, 1987, 1988[a], 1991[a], 2002, 2007 Hong Kong First Division League, Hong Kong Senior Shield, Viceroy Cup (1972)
Hong Kong First Division League, Hong Kong FA Cup, Viceroy Cup (1987)
Hong Kong First Division League, Hong Kong Senior Shield, Hong Kong FA Cup (1988, 1991)
Hong Kong Senior Shield, Hong Kong FA Cup, Hong Kong League Cup (2002)
Hong Kong First Division League, Hong Kong Senior Shield, Hong Kong FA Cup (2007)
Kaizer Chiefs South Africa South Africa
6
1976, 1977, 1981, 1984[k], 1989, 1992 NPSL, Nedbank Cup, MTN 8 (1976, 1977, 1981, 1992)
NPSL, Nedbank Cup, Telkom Knockout (1984)
NSL, Telkom Knockout, MTN 8 (1989)
Al Ahly Egypt Egypt
5
1925, 1927, 1931, 1950, 1958 Cairo League, Egypt Cup, Sultan Hussein Cup (1925, 1927, 1931)
Egyptian Premier League, Cairo League, Egypt Cup (1950, 1958)
Linfield Northern Ireland Northern Ireland
5
1922[c], 1962[c], 1994, 2006,[c] 2008 Irish League, Irish Cup, County Antrim Shield (1922, 1962)
Irish League, Irish Cup, Irish League Cup (1994)
Irish Premier League, Irish Cup, Irish League Cup (2006, 2008)
Seiko Hong Kong Hong Kong
5
1973, 1979, 1980, 1981, 1985 Hong Kong First Division League, Hong Kong Senior Shield, Viceroy Cup (1973, 1979, 1985)
Hong Kong First Division League, Hong Kong Senior Shield, Hong Kong FA Cup (1980, 1981)
Celtic Scotland Scotland
5
1967, 1969, 2001, 2017[8], 2018 Scottish League, Scottish Cup, Scottish League Cup
Arsenal Ladies England England
4
1993, 2001 and 2007, 2009 FA Women's Cup, Women's League Cup, FA Women's Premier League National Division
Shamrock Rovers Republic of Ireland Republic of Ireland
3
1925, 1932, 1964[9] League of Ireland, FAI Cup, League of Ireland Shield[b]
Buriram PEA / Buriram United Thailand Thailand
3
2011, 2013[g], 2015[o] Thai Premier League, Thai FA Cup, Thai League Cup
Kitchee Hong Kong Hong Kong
3
2012, 2015, 2017 Hong Kong First Division League, Hong Kong FA Cup, Hong Kong League Cup (2012)
Hong Kong Premier League, Hong Kong FA Cup, Hong Kong League Cup (2015)
Hong Kong Premier League, Hong Kong FA Cup, Hong Kong Senior Shield (2017)
Paris Saint-Germain France France
3
2015[m], 2016[m], 2018[m] Ligue 1, Coupe de France, Coupe de la Ligue
Melbourne Victory Australia Australia
2
2009, 2015 A-League Pre-Season Challenge Cup, A-League Premiership, A-League Championship (2009)
A-League Premiership, A-League Championship, FFA Cup (2015)
Valletta  Malta
2
1997[h], 2001[i] Maltese Premier League, Maltese Cup, Löwenbräu Cup
Barry Town Wales Wales
2
1997, 1999 Welsh Premier League, Welsh Cup, Welsh League Cup (1997)
Welsh Premier League, FAW Premier Cup, Welsh League Cup (1999)
Eastern Hong Kong Hong Kong
2
1993, 1994 Hong Kong First Division League, Hong Kong Senior Shield, Hong Kong FA Cup
Sunrise Mauritius Mauritius
2
1992, 1996 Mauritian League, Mauritian Cup, Mauritian Republic Cup
Kedah Malaysia Malaysia
2
2007, 2008[10] Malaysian Super League, Malaysia Cup, Malaysian FA Cup
Orlando Pirates South Africa South Africa
2
1973, 2011[l] NPSL, Nedbank Cup, MTN 8
Albirex Niigata Singapore Singapore Singapore
2
2016[r], 2017[r] S.League, Singapore Cup, Singapore League Cup
The New Saints Wales Wales
2
2015, 2016 Welsh Premier League, Welsh Cup, Welsh League Cup
Bohemians Republic of Ireland Republic of Ireland
1
1928[11] League of Ireland, FAI Cup, League of Ireland Shield[b]
Fall River Marksmen United States United States
1
1930[12] American Soccer League, National Challenge Cup, Lewis Cup
Brookhattan United States United States
1
1945[13] American Soccer League, National Challenge Cup, Lewis Cup
Bahia Brazil Brazil
1
1959 Campeonato Baiano, Taça Norte-Nordeste, Taça Brasil
Santos Brazil Brazil
1
1964 Campeonato Paulista, Torneio Rio-São Paulo, Taça Brasil
Toronto Croatia Canada Canada
1
1971[14] NSL Cup, NSL Regular Season Champion, NSL Playoff Champion
Mitsubishi Motors Japan Japan
1
1978 Japan Soccer League, Emperor's Cup, JSL Cup
Servette Switzerland Switzerland
1
1979 Nationalliga A, Swiss Cup, Swiss League Cup
Levski Sofia Bulgaria Bulgaria
1
1984[15] Bulgarian A Professional Football Group, Bulgarian Cup, Cup of the Soviet Army
CSKA Sofia Bulgaria Bulgaria
1
1989 Bulgarian A Professional Football Group, Bulgarian Cup, Cup of the Soviet Army
Derry City Northern Ireland Northern Ireland
1
1989[16] League of Ireland, FAI Cup, League of Ireland Cup
Nissan Motors Japan Japan
1
1989 Japan Soccer League, Emperor's Cup, JSL Cup
Mamelodi Sundowns South Africa South Africa
1
1990 NSL, Telkom Knockout, MTN 8
Palmeiras Brazil Brazil
1
1993 Campeonato Paulista, Torneio Rio-São Paulo, Campeonato Brasileiro
Melbourne Knights Australia Australia
1
1995[17] NSL Cup, NSL Minor Premiership, NSL Grand Final
ÍA Iceland Iceland
1
1996 Úrvalsdeild karla, Icelandic Cup, Deildabikar
Al-Ittihad FC  Saudi Arabia
1
1997 Saudi Premier League, Crown Prince Cup, Federation Cup
Al-Quwa Al-Jawiya Iraq Iraq
1
1997[p] Iraqi Premier League, Iraq FA Cup, Iraqi Elite Cup
Pusan Daewoo Royals South Korea South Korea
1
1997 K League, Korean League Cup, Korean League Cup (Supplementary Cup)
Suwon Samsung Bluewings South Korea South Korea
1
1999 K League, Korean League Cup, Korean League Cup (Supplementary Cup)[j]
Al-Zawra'a Iraq Iraq
1
2000[q] Iraqi Premier League, Iraq FA Cup, Iraqi Elite Cup
Bayern Munich Germany Germany
1
2000 Bundesliga, DFB Pokal, DFB Ligapokal
Kashima Antlers Japan Japan
1
2000 J. League, Emperor's Cup, J. League Cup
Fulham Ladies England England
1
2003 FA Women's Cup, Women's League Cup, FA Women's Premier League National Division
Cruzeiro Brazil Brazil
1
2003[18] Campeonato Mineiro, Copa do Brasil, Campeonato Brasileiro Série A
Rhyl Wales Wales
1
2004[19] Welsh Premier League, Welsh Cup, Welsh League Cup
Al-Hilal  Saudi Arabia
1
2005 Saudi Premier League, Crown Prince Cup, Federation Cup
Brøndby Denmark Denmark
1
2005 Danish Superliga, Danish Cup, Danish League Cup[d]
Sun Hei Hong Kong Hong Kong
1
2005[20] Hong Kong League, Hong Kong Senior Shield, Hong Kong FA Cup[e]
AS Port-Louis 2000 Mauritius Mauritius
1
2005 Mauritian League, Mauritian Cup, Mauritian Republic Cup
Al-Sadd Qatar Qatar
1
2007[21] Qatari League, Emir of Qatar Cup, Qatar Crown Prince Cup
Curepipe Mauritius Mauritius
1
2008 Mauritian League, Mauritian Cup, Mauritian Republic Cup
Debreceni Hungary Hungary
1
2010 Nemzeti Bajnokság I, Magyar Kupa, Ligakupa[f]
Kelantan Malaysia Malaysia
1
2012[22] Malaysian Super League, Malaysia Cup, Malaysian FA Cup
Atlético Nacional Colombia Colombia
1
2013[23] Categoría Primera A Torneo Apertura, Copa Colombia, Categoría Primera A Torneo Finalización
Lincoln Gibraltar Gibraltar
1
2014 Gibraltar Premier Division, Rock Cup, Gibraltar Premier Cup
Benfica Portugal Portugal
1
2014 Primeira Liga, Taça de Portugal, Taça da Liga
Gamba Osaka Japan Japan
1
2014 J. League, Emperor's Cup, J. League Cup
Maccabi Tel Aviv Israel Israel
1
2015 Israeli Premier League, Israel State Cup, Israeli Toto Cup
Steaua București Romania Romania
1
2015 Liga I, Cupa României, Cupa Ligii
Sydney FC Australia Australia
1
2017 A-League Premiership, A-League Championship, FFA Cup
Toronto FC Canada Canada
1
2017 Supporters' Shield, Canadian Championship, MLS Cup
Al-Duhail SC Qatar Qatar
1
2018 Qatar Stars League, Emir of Qatar Cup, Qatar Cup

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Raja aiming high once more. FIFA (2008-06-04). Retrieved on 2009-06-23 – 'continental treble' mentioned in this article.
  2. ^ Spiers, Graham (2008-01-30). http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/sport/football/scotland/article3274019.ece Walter Smith demands final push as Rangers target domestic treble. The Times. Retrieved on 2009-03-28.
  3. ^ Ralston, Gary (2008-09-26). Domestic treble for Rangers will make up for failure in Europe, says Pedro Mendes. Daily Record. Retrieved on 2009-03-28.
  4. ^ UEFA.com. "Barcelona break new ground with second treble – UEFA Champions League – News – UEFA.com".
  5. ^ uefa.com (2015-06-06). "UEFA Champions League – News – UEFA.com". UEFA.com. Retrieved 2016-06-02.
  6. ^ "Barça make history with second treble! | FC Barcelona". www.fcbarcelona.com. Retrieved 2016-06-02.
  7. ^ Records and Honours Archived 7 March 2009 at the Wayback Machine.. Rangers Official club website. Retrieved on 2009-03-31.
  8. ^ Celtic Honours Archived 21 July 2009 at the Wayback Machine.. Celtic Official club website. Retrieved on 2009-05-18.
  9. ^ Roll of Honour[permanent dead link]. Shamrock Rovers FC. Retrieved on 2009-03-31.
  10. ^ [1] Archived 6 September 2008 at the Wayback Machine.
  11. ^ Role of Honour Archived 24 May 2012 at Archive.is. Bohemian Football Club. Retrieved on 2009-03-31.
  12. ^ Litterer, Dave. "The Year In American Soccer, 1930". The USA Soccer History Archives. Archived from the original on 10 May 2013. Retrieved 18 January 2014.
  13. ^ Litterer, Dave. "The Year In American Soccer, 1945". The USA Soccer History Archives. Archived from the original on 10 May 2013. Retrieved 18 January 2014.
  14. ^ "Croatian National Sports Club history at a glance". Archived from the original on 14 May 2009.
  15. ^ "Футболният требъл – теория и история". Archived from the original on 6 July 2011.
  16. ^ Derry City FC – A Concise History Archived 14 May 2009 at the Wayback Machine.. Derry City Football Club Website (2009-02-08). Retrieved on 2009-03-31.
  17. ^ "The Dynasty Begins". Archived from the original on 3 May 2009.
  18. ^ "Relação Dos Títulos Oficiais Do Cruzeiro (Portuguese)".
  19. ^ "- Rhyl FC – Honours". Archived from the original on 8 February 2010.
  20. ^ "Sun Hei lift Cup to sweep four titles". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 8 December 2013.
  21. ^ "Al-Sadd Trophies and awards". Archived from the original on 7 July 2009.
  22. ^ [2]
  23. ^ "¡Atlético Nacional, rey absoluto del fútbol colombiano en 2013!".

External links[edit]