Trebor Jay Tichenor
Trebor Jay Tichenor (January 28, 1940 - February 22, 2014) was a recognized authority on Scott Joplin and the ragtime era. He collected and published others' ragtime piano compositions and composed his own. He authored books about ragtime, and both on his own and as a member of The St. Louis Ragtimers, became a widely known ragtime pianist.
Trebor Jay Tichenor was born in St. Louis, Missouri to Dr. Robert and Letitia Tichenor. His first name was formed by reversing the letters in his father's first name. He studied piano from the age of five and was influenced by hearing the ragtime piano playing of his mother in her band, Lettie's Collegiate Syncopators.
During the early 1950s, Lou Busch adopted the personality of Joe "Fingers" Carr, and made a series of ragtime recordings. These recordings mightily influenced Trebor's interests in the direction of ragtime. According to the noted sources, in the time frame from the mid-1950s to the early 1960s, when Tichenor wasn't acquiring first a high school degree from Country Day School (1958) and then a bachelor of arts from Washington University (1963), he was spending his time acquiring notable collections of original ragtime sheet music and piano rolls and making contact with the active members and legends of the continuing ragtime tradition.
By 1960, Tichenor's house had become renowned in the area as a place where one could hear hours of excellent music by both amateur and professional ragtime musicians. He received encouragement to himself become a professional musician. In 1966 he married Jeanette. They had two children, Virginia (1966) and Andrew (1969). Jeanette died in 1986. Both children are professional musicians, and Virginia Tichenor is a professional ragtime musician.
In December 2013, Trebor Tichenor suffered a massive cerebral hemorrhage that left him debilitated and hospitalized. While in the process of recovery he died at LaClede Groves Rehabilitation Center on the afternoon of February 22, 2014, at age 74.
In the Fall of 1961 and with three other musicians, Al Stricker (voice, banjo), Don Franz (tuba), and Bill Mason (trumpet), Tichenor formed the ragtime group known as the St. Louis Ragtimers, still performing in 2010. They performed on the weekends in Gaslight Square during the first half of the 1960s. Starting in 1965, the St. Louis Ragtimers began to perform on the Goldenrod Showboat. According to Terry Waldo, the Ragtimers' forte is the performance of folk ragtime and ragtime songs which reflect the spirit and humor of the ragtime era. The tables at the end of this article show that Tichenor has regularly recorded ragtime music, both solo and with others, during a period of over 52 years, starting in 1962. For decades, Tichenor and the St. Louis Ragtimers have appeared at various early jazz and ragtime festivals throughout the United States, notably the Scott Joplin International Ragtime Festival and the West Coast Ragtime Festival.
Expertise and publication
Tichenor was an acknowledged expert on aspects of ragtime and the ragtime era. He co-founded and co-edited the Ragtime Review in 1961. He co-authored an article on ragtime piano rolls. Various authors have noted that he had either the largest collection of ragtime piano rolls in the world, or one of them. In addition, he often made his significant collection of ragtime piano sheet music available, e.g., as in the publication of a definitive, two-volume set of Scott Joplin's collected rags. His relatively early conversations with ragtime figures such as Bob Darch and Arthur Marshall have led to discoveries in the history of ragtime. Attendant on the film The Sting, popular interest in ragtime was powerfully renewed. During his performance years at the Showboat Goldenrod, Tichenor did a brief stint around 1971 at community radio station KDNA-FM, St. Louis. In a one-hour weekly program, he introduced the radio audience to the history of ragtime. He contributed two volumes of a total of 127 rags which gave a broader perspective on the kind and quality of ragtime piano music of the years between 1897 and 1917. Ragtime Rarities was published in 1975, Ragtime Rediscoveries in 1979. With David A. Jasen, in 1978 Tichenor published a widely read compendium Rags and Ragtime: A Musical History. Tichenor has also written a number of short articles for various ragtime publications under the topics ragtime history, ragtime figures, and ragtime piano repertory. Finally, he has himself been the subject of various short articles as well as bibliographical citations. Tichenor had the weekly radio program Ragophile in St. Louis from 1973-1987. He taught the Ragtime course for many years as a Lecturer in Music at Washington University.
Tichenor began composing his own brand of country ragtime, completing about 2 dozen of them in a 25-year period. He was an acknowledged exponent of this folk ragtime. His three folios of rags are noted at the end of the article.
|Mississippi Valley Ragtime||Ragophile TS81-1221; LP||Recorded on Goldenrod Showboat, March 1966|
|King of Folk Ragtime||Dirty Shame Records DSR 2001; LP||Recorded in Tichenor's home, 1973|
|Days Beyond Recall||Folkways FW03164; LP||Recorded in 1979|
|Tempus Ragorum||Stomp Off Records 1282; CD||Released in 1994|
|Those Southern Blues||PianoMania Music PM120; CD||Released in 1995|
|Wildflower Rag||PianoMania Music PM135; CD||Released in 1999.|
Recordings with others
|The St. Louis Ragtimers' First Major Appearance||Ragophile Collectable SeriesTS81-359/360; LP||recording of the band's first major appearance, September 30, 1961, in Pierce City, Missouri|
|The St. Louis Ragtimers||Audiophile AP 75; LP||Recorded in 1962|
|The St. Louis Ragtimers Volume 2||Audiophile AP 81; LP||Recorded in 1964|
|The St. Louis Ragtimers Volume 3||Paseo Stereo DF 102; LP|
|The St. Louis Ragtimers Volume 4||Audex Stereo AX 102; LP||Recorded in 1973|
|The St. Louis Ragtimers Volume 5||Audiophile AP 122; LP||Recorded in 1977|
|The St. Louis Ragtimers Volume 6 "Early Portraits"||Technisonic TS80-46-47; LP||Recorded September 29, 1979|
|The St. Louis Ragtimers Volume 7||Ragophile TSLR-007; LP||Recorded September 6, 1986|
|The St. Louis Ragtimers "Full Steam Ahead and Loaded Up"||Stomp Off Records 1267; CD||Recorded in 1993|
|57 Diff'rent Kinds of Blues||PianoMania Music PM130; CD||1996. Tichenor contributed one track.|
|Virginia's Favorites||PianoMania Music PM133A; CD||Recorded in 1996. Tichenor plays 4 tracks with daughter Virginia.|
|The Family Album - The Tichenor Family Trio||Ragophile 1002; CD||Recorded in 2000.|
|A Circle of Friends - Friends of Scott Joplin||FOSJ-001; CD||Recorded in 2002. Tichenor contributed two tracks.|
|Ragtime Reunion - The Tichenor Family Five||Ragophile 1003; CD||Recorded in 2004.|
|Music of the 1904 St. Louis World's Fair: Meet Me at the Fair||Gaslight Records GSL-S102; CD||Released in 2004. Tichenor contributed one track.|
- Tichenor, T (1996). "Tempus Ragorum", Morgan Publishing.
- Tichenor, T (2002). "Mississippi Valley Ragtime", Morgan Publishing.
- Tichenor, T (2005). "Missouri Rags", Morgan Publishing.
- "Trebor Tichenor: The man with the backwards name (obituary)". St. Louis Post-Dispatch. February 25, 2014. Retrieved 27 February 2014.
- Minderman, Dean (February 25, 2014). "Trebor Tichenor 1940 - 2014". St. Louis Jazz Notes. Retrieved 27 February 2014.
- Jasen, D & Tichenor, T (1978). Rags and Ragtime, p. 278.
- Grassino, S, "Ragtime: Tickling the Ivories in St. Louis' Musical History", The Valley Park Current News Magazine, May 2009, p. 7a.
- Hasse, J (1985). Ragtime: Its History, Composers, and Music, p.203.
- Grassino, S, "Ragtime: Tickling the Ivories in St. Louis' Musical History, The Valley Park Current News Magazine, May 2009, p. 7a.
- Waldo, T (1976). This is Ragtime, p. 172.
- Hasse, J (1985) Ragtime: Its History, Composers, and Music, p.203.
- Montgomery, M, Tichenor, T, & Hasse, J, "Ragtime on Piano Rolls", in Hasse, J, ed., Ragtime: Its History, Composers, and Music, pp. 90-101.
- Lawrence, Vera Brodsky, ed., The Collected Works of Scott Joplin. 2 vols., The New York Public Library, 1971.
- cf. Waldo, T, This is Ragtime, p. 205.
- Tichenor, T, "A Late Visit to Chestnut Valley 1961", Euphony Review, May, 1994.
- Tichenor, T, "Percy Wenrich: 'Chestnuts, Crabapples, and Sweet Cider.'" Jazz Report 1, Dec, 1969, pp. 4-6.
- Tichenor, T, "Weeping Willow: An Analysis", Rag Times, 6 Mar, 1973, pp. 4-5.
- Hasse, Ragtime:Its History, Composers, and Music.
- Wierzbicki, J, "His 'Piano Roll Blues': Trebor Tichenor Lives, Breathes and Collects Ragtime Music", Ragtimer, Jul-Aug 1978, pp. 11-13.
- Ragtime for Tulsa Bio
- L27 Music 109 from 1:00 to 3:00 was taught for the last time in Spring, 2010. The course held 35 students and was full. Course description: A history of ragtime music including a survey of composers and performers. Special emphasis was placed on St. Louis and the music of Scott Joplin.
- Hasse, J, Ragtime: Its History, Composers, and Music, p. 203.
- Hasse, J E (1985). "Ragtime: Its History, Composers, and Music", Schrimer Books.
- Jasen, D and Tichenor, T (1978). "Rags and Ragtime", The Seabury Press.
- Tichenor, T (1975). "Ragtime Rarities", Dover Publications.
- Tichenor, T (1979). "Ragtime Rediscoveries", Dover Publications.
- Waldo, T (1976), "This Is Ragtime," Hawthorne.