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Treculia africana.jpg
Treculia africana
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Moraceae
Tribe: Artocarpeae[1]
Genus: Treculia
Decne. ex Trécul

Treculia is a genus of trees in the plant family Moraceae that is native to west and central Africa and Madagascar. The best-known member of the genus, Treculia africana, commonly known as the African breadfruit, is used as a food plant.

The fruits are hard and fibrous, can be the size of a volleyball and weight up to 8.5 kg. Chimpanzees have been observed to use tools to break the fruits into small pieces that they can eat.[2]



Treculia africana subsp. africana Decne. ex Trec.[6]
Treculia africana subsp. africana cultivar. Nutreculia Nutrecul-TRC [7]
Treculia africana subsp. madagascarica (N.E. Br.) C.C. Berg [8]
Treculia africana var. ilicifolia (Leandri) C.C. Berg [9]
Treculia africana var. inversa J.C. Okafor [10]
Treculia africana var. mollis (Engl.) Léonard [11]
Treculia africana var. sambiranensis (Leandri) C.C. Berg [12]