Tregeseal East stone circle

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Tregeseal East Stone Circle
numerous standing stones arranged in an arc in a grassy field with a hill in the background
Tregeseal East stone circle with Carn Kenidjack beyond
Tregeseal East stone circle is located in Cornwall
Tregeseal East stone circle
Shown within Cornwall
Location near St Just
Region Cornwall,
Coordinates 50°8′1.39″N 5°39′30.67″W / 50.1337194°N 5.6585194°W / 50.1337194; -5.6585194Coordinates: 50°8′1.39″N 5°39′30.67″W / 50.1337194°N 5.6585194°W / 50.1337194; -5.6585194
Type Stone circle
Site notes
Condition largely intact

Tregeseal East (grid reference SW386323) is a heavily restored prehistoric stone circle around one mile northeast of the town of St Just in Cornwall, England, United Kingdom. The nineteen granite stones are also known as The Dancing Stones. It is the one surviving circle of three that once stood aligned along an east–west axis on the hillside to the south of Carn Kenidjack.

Location[edit]

The stone circle is in west Cornwall north of the road from Penzance to St Just in Penwith and is approximately one kilometre east of the hamlet of Tregeseal.[1]

Construction[edit]

The stone circle consists of 19 granite blocks with a height between 1.0–1.4 m (3 ft 3 in–4 ft 7 in), which describe an approximate circle with a diameter of around 21 m (69 ft). Two stones are probably missing, since the circle consisted of 21 stones in earlier times.[2] The stone circle was subjected over the centuries to substantial rebuilding and restoration work, so that today only the stones in the eastern half of the circle may be in their original positions.[3]

The stone circle was part of a larger ritual area, which, like the area around The Merry Maidens, consisted of three stone circles in an east–west alignment. The other two stone circles were to the west of the existing stone circle. The westernmost of the three circles is today only detectable on aerial photographs. Of the middle stone circle, which originally had the largest diameter and contained ten stones in 1885, today only a single stone is to be found standing.[3]

History[edit]

Illustration by W. C. Borlase 1872
Tregeseal East stone circle from the east
Illustration by William Cotton 1827

Stone circles such as that at Tregeseal, were erected in the late Neolithic or in the early Bronze Age by representatives of a Megalithic culture. The first mention of the stone circle in the modern times is found in the 1754 work Antiquities, historical and monumental, of the County of Cornwall by William Borlase, who reported 17 upright standing stones.

An early drawing, by William Cotton in 1827, can be found in his book Illustrations of Stone Circles, Cromlehs and other remains of the Aboriginal Britons in the West of Cornwall. At that time some of the standing stones in the other stone circles were still visible. William Copeland Borlase reported 15 stones in his work Naenia Cornubia of 1872, and showed the exact location of the stones.

See also[edit]

Other prehistoric stone circles in the Penwith district

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ordnance Survey: Landranger map sheet 203 Land's End ISBN 978-0-319-23148-7
  2. ^ Tregeseal (East) Stone Circle at Megalithic Walks
  3. ^ a b Tregeseal stone circle at historic-cornwall.org.uk

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]