Treinta y Tres

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Treinta y Tres
Capital city
Bridges over the River Olimar
Bridges over the River Olimar
Treinta y Tres is located in Uruguay
Treinta y Tres
Treinta y Tres
Location in Uruguay
Coordinates: 33°14′0″S 54°23′0″W / 33.23333°S 54.38333°W / -33.23333; -54.38333Coordinates: 33°14′0″S 54°23′0″W / 33.23333°S 54.38333°W / -33.23333; -54.38333
Country  Uruguay
Department Treinta y Tres Department
Population (2011)
 • Total 25,477
 • Demonym olimareño,-a
Time zone UTC -3
Postal code 33000
Dial plan +598 445 (+5 digits)
Climate Cfa

Treinta y Tres is the capital city of the Treinta y Tres Department in eastern Uruguay.

Location[edit]

Monument in town square, Treinta y tres

The city is located on Route 8, on the north banks of Olimar Grande River. The city is almost surrounded by a populated rural area, a zone of chacras (ranches), known as Ejido de Treinta y Tres.

History[edit]

Its name means "Thirty Three" and refers to the 19th-century national heroes, the 33 Orientales, who established the independence of Uruguay. Coincidentally, the city is located near the 33°S line of latitude, making the name doubly appropriate.

On 10 March 1853 it was declared a "Pueblo" (village) by the Act of Ley Nº 307 and on 20 September 1884 it was made capital of the department created by Ley Nº 1.754. According to the Act of Ley Nº 3.544, on 19 July 1909 it held the status of "Villa" (town), which was elevated to "Ciudad" (city) on 29 September 1915 by the Act of Ley 5.335.[1]

Population[edit]

In 2011, Treinta y Tres had a population of 25,477.[2] It is by far the largest town in what is a sparsely populated department. Together with Ejido de Treinta y Tres and the southwestern suburb of Villa Sara, they form a population centre of around 33,000 inhabitants.

Historical population
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1908 7,718 —    
1963 22,557 +1.97%
1975 23,448 +0.32%
1985 25,116 +0.69%
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1996 26,390 +0.45%
2004 25,711 −0.33%
2011 25,477 −0.13%
Source: Instituto Nacional de Estadística de Uruguay[1]

Places of worship[edit]

Famous people from Treinta y Tres[edit]

  • Darío Silva - former Uruguayan football player.
  • Octavio Rivero - Uruguayan professional football player for Chilean Primera División Club Social y Deportivo Colo▪Colo.
  • Julio C. da Rosa - short story and novel writer
  • Maestro Rubén Lena - Teacher, Writer, Poet.
  • Serafín J. García (1905-1985)- Poet, essayist and short story writer
  • Pepe Guerra - Musician
  • Emiliano Alfaro - Uruguayan football player

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Treinta y Tres has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[3]

Climate data for Treinta y Tres
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 41.1
(106)
40.5
(104.9)
40.2
(104.4)
36.4
(97.5)
31.2
(88.2)
28.6
(83.5)
31.2
(88.2)
31.0
(87.8)
35.0
(95)
34.7
(94.5)
39.7
(103.5)
41.5
(106.7)
41.5
(106.7)
Average high °C (°F) 29.6
(85.3)
29.1
(84.4)
27.1
(80.8)
23.7
(74.7)
20.1
(68.2)
16.8
(62.2)
16.4
(61.5)
17.8
(64)
19.5
(67.1)
22.0
(71.6)
24.7
(76.5)
28.2
(82.8)
22.9
(73.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) 22.9
(73.2)
22.5
(72.5)
20.6
(69.1)
17.2
(63)
13.9
(57)
11.2
(52.2)
11.3
(52.3)
12.2
(54)
13.8
(56.8)
16.3
(61.3)
18.7
(65.7)
21.5
(70.7)
16.8
(62.2)
Average low °C (°F) 16.5
(61.7)
16.4
(61.5)
14.7
(58.5)
11.4
(52.5)
8.2
(46.8)
6.4
(43.5)
6.4
(43.5)
7.2
(45)
8.3
(46.9)
10.9
(51.6)
12.7
(54.9)
15.1
(59.2)
11.2
(52.2)
Record low °C (°F) 1.8
(35.2)
4.5
(40.1)
2.0
(35.6)
−1.2
(29.8)
−2.8
(27)
−7.6
(18.3)
−4.6
(23.7)
−4.0
(24.8)
−4.2
(24.4)
−1.2
(29.8)
1.4
(34.5)
1.0
(33.8)
−7.6
(18.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 119
(4.69)
131
(5.16)
95
(3.74)
80
(3.15)
98
(3.86)
107
(4.21)
133
(5.24)
114
(4.49)
119
(4.69)
98
(3.86)
104
(4.09)
95
(3.74)
1,292
(50.87)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 6 7 5 5 6 6 6 7 7 6 6 5 72
Average relative humidity (%) 68 72 74 78 79 83 77 78 78 76 71 67 75
Mean monthly sunshine hours 257.7 197.0 222.9 185.6 165.0 131.2 133.3 154.5 163.7 220.3 226.7 272.2 2,330.1
Source: Dirección Nacional de Meteorología (extremes 1939–1994)[4][5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Statistics of urban localities (1908–2004)" (PDF). INE. 2012. Retrieved 6 September 2012. 
  2. ^ "Censos 2011 Cuadros Trenta y Tres". INE. 2012. Retrieved 25 August 2012. 
  3. ^ Climate Summary for Treinta y Tres, Uruguay
  4. ^ "Estadísticas climatológicas : Estacion Meteorologica Treinta y tres" (in Spanish). Dirección Nacional de Meteorología. Retrieved May 8, 2013. 
  5. ^ "RECORDS METEOROLOGICOS EN EL URUGUAY" (in Spanish). Dirección Nacional de Meteorología. Retrieved May 8, 2014. 

External links[edit]