|Type||Country House (private) and National Trust Garden|
|Town or city||Penzance|
|Current tenants||Colonel Edward Thomas Bolitho|
Trengwainton is a country house and garden situated in Madron, near Penzance, Cornwall, England, UK, which has been in the ownership of the National Trust since 1961. The garden is noted for its collection of exotic trees and shrubs and offers views over Mount's Bay and The Lizard.
A dwelling has been on the site since at least the 16th century and was altered and extented in the 18th and 19th centuries. The house is a grade II listed building. The walled garden, which was built in Elizabethan times, seems to have been constructed as a response to the period of persistently cooler weather known as the Maunder Minimum. The wall prevented warm air from escaping from the garden on cool nights, thereby allowing frost-sensitive fruit trees to survive, despite the cooling climate.
In 1814 the estate was bought by Rose Price the son of a Jamaican sugar plantation owner. Trengwainton was sold following the loss of income resulting in the 1833 Emancipation Act which freed slaves on the family’s Worthy Estate in Jamaica. In 1867 the property was bought by T S Bolitho and was extended with several rooms in 1880; the family still live in Trengwainton House. Rose Price planted trees and built the walled gardens, which are said to be based on the dimensions of Noah’s Ark, and in 1925 Sir Edward Bolitho and his head gardener Alfred Creek continued the development of the garden. They were opened to the public, for the first time, in 1931. The Victoria Medal of Honour for Horticulture was awarded to Sir Edward in 1961 and in the same year he donated 98 acres to the National Trust.
Speed Hill Climb
Held bi-annually, each Easter Monday and August Bank Holiday, from 1946 until 1974, the Trengwainton Speed Hill Climb (grid reference ) was an event organised by the West Cornwall Motor Club. The aim of the climb was for a car, motorbike, or a motorbike and sidecar to ascend the twisting course, from a standing start, as quickly as possible. Fastest times recorded include 21.79 seconds by Roy Opie of Stithians on an Ariel 500 and 22.34 seconds by WC Cuff in a Cooper-Daimler. The event regularly attracted 2,000 spectators.
- "Trengwainton House". English Heritage. Retrieved 28 May 2013.
- Tim Ball, "Environment Canada and the UN(IPCC) ignore major climate change mechanism," in The Landowner, August–September, 2012, p. 41.
- "Madron". The Cornishman (89). 25 March 1880. p. 4.
- National Trust celebrates its 50 years at ‘gem’ of a garden. The Cornishman. p18, 21 July 2011
- Rowe, Ivan (16 May 2013). "Trengwainton Speed Hill Climb". The Cornishman. p. 24.
Media related to Trengwainton Garden at Wikimedia Commons