Blackford County's location in Indiana
|Elevation||902 ft (275 m)|
|GNIS feature ID||444871|
Trenton is an unincorporated community in Jackson Township, Blackford County, Indiana. Nearly all of the community's businesses have been closed for many years. Although the Blackford County Historical Society lists this community as a ghost town, homes are still maintained in the area, and it is still listed as a populated place by the U.S. Geological Survey.
Trenton is located east of Hartford City on Indiana State Road 26. Platted in 1845, it is one of the older communities in Blackford County. The community had its own Post Office from 1856 until 1907. Because there was another Trenton in Randolph County during the 19th century, Blackford County’s Trenton post office used the name Priam. Therefore, many older maps show the community as "Priam" instead of Trenton.
Trenton participated in the Indiana Gas Boom, and had two of Blackford County's many gas companies (Marion Creek Natural Gas Company and Trenton Natural Gas Company) that existed during the 1890s. The Gas Boom gradually ended during the beginning of the 20th century, and many small communities never recovered. During the next few decades, the quality of automobiles and roads improved—indirectly contributing to the decline of many small communities as consumers drove to larger cities.
Trenton is located in Jackson Township in Blackford County. Jackson Township's population was only 154 in 1840, as there was no rail connection and the land suffered from poor drainage. Trenton was platted on January 20, 1845, by Robert H. Laning, Ezekiel Laning, Basel Anderson and William Cortright. Cortright was the landowner.
When Blackford County's railroads were constructed in the late 1860s, Trenton was bypassed—as the nearest rail line was four miles south of the small town. During the 1880s, the community was boosted by the Indiana Gas Boom, and the community had two gas companies of its own. Eventually, the community had as many as 25 residences. In addition to its post office, the village also had a tannery, blacksmith shops, saw and tile mills and its own physicians. It also had two churches, two general stores and a drug store. The Trenton school was constructed in the 1870s, and its last version closed in 1964.
The Gas Boom gradually ended during the beginning of the 20th century, and many small communities never recovered. Improvements to the automobile and highways, which coincided with the end of the Gas Boom, may have also contributed to the decline of the county's smaller communities as consumers became willing to travel to larger cities.
Located in the Jackson Township portion of Blackford County, Trenton is situated on Indiana State Road 26. The community is located 60 miles (97 km) south of Fort Wayne and 80 miles (130 km) northeast of Indianapolis. Trenton is part of East Central Indiana and Northern Indiana. Future Northern Indiana, including what became Jackson Township and Trenton, was flattened by two glaciers millions of years ago. These glaciers are also responsible for the rich Blackford County farmland, which includes the land surrounding Trenton.
Climate and weather
|Hartford City, Indiana (approximately 7 miles west of Trenton)|
|Climate chart (explanation)|
Trenton has a typical Midwestern humid continental seasonal climate. There are four distinct seasons, with winters being cold with moderate snowfall, while summers can be warm and humid. In recent years, average temperatures in nearby county seat Hartford City have ranged from a low of 18 °F (−8 °C) in January to a high of 84 °F (29 °C) in July, although a record low of −26 °F (−32 °C) was recorded in January 1994 and a record high of 103 °F (39 °C) was recorded in June 1988. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.94 inches (49 mm) in February to 4.33 inches (110 mm) in June. The biggest snow storm in recent memory was the Great Blizzard of 1978, which occurred on January 26–27, 1978. A federal state of emergency was declared for Indiana at that time.
- Dunkirk (about 7 highway miles southeast)
- Hartford City (about 7 highway miles west)
- Eaton (about 16 highway miles southwest)
- Portland (about 15 highway miles east)
- Upland (about 15 highway miles west)
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Blackford County Historical Society's "Ghost Towns in Blackford County, Indiana".
- United States Geological Survey. "Geographic Names Information System: Populated places in Blackford County, Indiana". Retrieved 2011-07-01.
- Biographical and historical record of Jay and Blackford Counties...., pp. 758.
- A History of Blackford County..., p. 17.
- "Post Offices". Randolph County Historical Society. Retrieved 2011-07-09.
- Blatchley, p. 405.
- A History of Blackford County..., p. 130.
- Historic Landmarks Foundation of Indiana, p. 77.
- A History of Blackford County..., p. 128.
- A History of Blackford County..., p. 132.
- *Greene, Dick (August 6, 1974). "Seen and Heard in Our Neighborhood". The Muncie Star.
The automobile and improved roads affected Millgrove as it has many another community, making it easy for people to travel to larger communities, particularly to county seats, to do their trading. The need for local facilities declined as they became centralized in the more populous areas.
- Mileage calculated by Mapquest.
- A History of Blackford County..., pp. 8-9.
- A History of Blackford County..., p. 10.
- "Monthly Averages for Hartford City, Indiana". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27.
- Purdue University's Iclimate.org web site.
- A History of Blackford County, Indiana : with historical accounts of the county, 1838-1986 [and] histories of families who have lived in the county. Hartford City, Indiana: Blackford County Historical Society. 1986. p. 302. OCLC 15144953.
- Biographical and historical record of Jay and Blackford Counties, Indiana: Containing ... portraits and biographies of some of the prominent men of the state : engravings of prominent citizens in Jay and Blackford Counties, with personal histories of many of the leading families and a concise history of Jay and Blackford Counties and their cities and villages. Chicago: The Lewis Publishing Company. 1887. OCLC 15560416. Archived from the original on 2011-08-07.
- Blatchley, W. S. (1896). Indiana Dept. of Geology and Natural Resources, Twentieth Annual Report, 1895. Indianapolis: Wm. B. Burford. p. 520. OCLC 7628392.
- Historic Landmarks Foundation of Indiana (2005). Blackford County: Interim Report, Indiana Historic Sites and Structures Inventory. Historic Landmarks Foundation of Indiana. ISBN 1-889235-20-2.