Trevalga

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Trevalga
Trevalga- St Petrocs church (geograph 2452450).jpg
St Petroc's Church
Ruins of Trevalga Mill
Trevalga is located in Cornwall
Trevalga
Trevalga
Location within Cornwall
Population71 (Civil Parish, 2011)
OS grid referenceSX082900
Civil parish
  • Trevalga
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townBOSCASTLE
Postcode districtPL35
Dialling code01840
PoliceDevon and Cornwall
FireCornwall
AmbulanceSouth Western
EU ParliamentSouth West England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Cornwall
50°40′41″N 4°43′01″W / 50.678°N 4.717°W / 50.678; -4.717Coordinates: 50°40′41″N 4°43′01″W / 50.678°N 4.717°W / 50.678; -4.717

Trevalga (Cornish: Trevelgi) is a coastal civil parish and hamlet in north Cornwall, England, United Kingdom. The parish is bounded on the north by the Celtic Sea, on the southeast by Forrabury and Minster parish and on the west by Tintagel parish.

History and description[edit]

The hamlet of Trevalga lies 500 metres from the coast on the seaward side of the road from Boscastle to Tintagel. Unusually, the hamlet is part of an estate held in trust by The Gerald Curgenven Will Trust with profits after maintenance going to Marlborough College, a public school in Wiltshire. The estate has been held in trust since 1961 under a bequest of the last Lord of Trevalga Manor, Gerald Curgenven (died 1959). This was to ensure its preservation from development and allow local families to remain there. However, in 2010, the college was given faulty legal advice that it was actually the owner of the hamlet. As it would be breaking charity law in doing so the College thereafter placed the entire estate on the market. This situation caused understandable concern amongst the tenants, and other inhabitants, about the hamlet's future.[1] Thereafter, protests and petitions were set up, using the social networking website Facebook in an attempt to prevent the sale.[2] The legality of the sale was disputed by the Trustees and Tenants of the estate; then the sale was suspended and the Manor placed back into the hands of the Trustees.[3][4] There were formerly a slate quarry and a silver lead mine in the parish.

Trevalga was one of the manors held by King William at the time of the Domesday Book (1086); it had formerly been held by Queen Matilda and before her by Britric. There were 2 ploughs but land for 8 ploughs; 14 households (including serfs, villeins and smallholders), the livestock was mainly sheep and the pasture was 1 league long and half a league wide. The annual value was £4.[5] The recorded history of the manor continues in the 13th century when it was held by the family of Bassett; in 1601 the Bassetts sold it to the family of Welsh, who were succeeded by the family of Northcote. In 1682 it was bought by William Bolitho of Exeter; upon the death of Richard Bolitho Stephens in 1928 it was inherited by his widow. Mrs. Stephens donated to the church a fine pulpit, reading desk and sanctuary chair, in memory of her late husband.[6]

Trevalga is mentioned in the song Black and Gold along with other places nearby.

Trevalga lies within the Cornwall Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB).

Notable buildings[edit]

The parish church is dedicated to St Petroc; the patrons of the rectory are the dean and chapter of Truro. The earliest recorded rectors are Richard (1173) and Robet Bardolph (1191). Also in the parish is Trehane Barton (in its present form a farmhouse dating from 1743). The church was built in the 12th and 13th centuries (the tower being later than the nave and chancel). After restoration work the church was reopened in 1875. For many years it has been a member of the Boscastle Group of Anglican parishes.[7][8]

There is an early Cornish cross in the churchyard.[9]

At the southeastern corner of the parish of Trevalga is Trevalga Mill, a ruined eighteenth century water mill. The mill lies in fields next to the Trevillet River and would have been used first for grinding corn then perhaps also the making of worsted.

References[edit]

  1. ^ College plan to sell sparks battle at Trevalga
  2. ^ Trevalga on Facebook
  3. ^ College plan to sell sparks battle at Trevalga
  4. ^ "Cornwall's Trevalga Estate sale suspended". BBC. 3 September 2010. Retrieved 12 December 2010.
  5. ^ Thorn, Caroline, et al. (eds.) (1979) Cornwall (Domesday Book; 10.) Chichester: Phillimore; entry 1,17
  6. ^ Palmer (1930)
  7. ^ Pevsner, N. (1970) Cornwall, 2nd ed., edited by Enid Radcliffe. Penguin Books
  8. ^ Palmer, W. S. Cave (1930) Souvenir of the Parish and Church of Trevalga. Trevalga: [the Author]
  9. ^ Langdon, A. G. (1896) Old Cornish Crosses. Truro: Joseph Pollard; p. 50

External links[edit]