Trevelin

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Trevelin
Trefelin
Town
A winter day in Trevelin
A winter day in Trevelin
Coat of arms of Trevelin
Coat of arms
Trevelin is located in Argentina
Trevelin
Trevelin
Location of Trevelin in Argentina
Coordinates: 43°5′S 71°28′W / 43.083°S 71.467°W / -43.083; -71.467Coordinates: 43°5′S 71°28′W / 43.083°S 71.467°W / -43.083; -71.467
Country Argentina
Province Chubut
Department Futaleufú
Population (2011)
 • Total 9,123
Time zone ART (UTC-3)
CPA base U9203
Dialing code +54 2945
Climate Csb

Trevelin (Welsh: Trefelin) is a town in the Patagonian Argentine province of Chubut, the town lies on the eastern banks of the Rio Percy/Río Percey. It is located in the department of Futaleufú, 22 kilometres south of Esquel, and had 6,395 inhabitants at the time of the 2001 census [INDEC] and 7,908 inhabitants in the 2010 census [INDEC].

The town was important in the Welsh settlement of Chubut. It was named Trevelin (from Trefelin, the Welsh for "mill town") after the first flour mill, known as "Los Andes", was established there by John Daniel Evans (es) in 1891.[1] Evans had previously become well known for leading expeditions into the Pampas in search of new lands and mineral reserves, which had earned him the nickname 'El Baqueano' (meaning guide or scout). One of the tourist attractions of Trevelín is the grave of Malacara, Evans' horse, who a few years earlier in 1884 had saved his master's life by escaping down a steep ravine when his travelling party was attacked by a group of indigenous people lead by Cacique (chief) Foyel.[2] The three other Welshmen with whom he was travelling (Richard Davies, John Hughes and John Parry)[3] were killed and buried nearby at a place now known as 'Dyffryn y Merthyron' or The Valley of the Martyrs.[1]

Following a territorial dispute between Argentina and Chile in early 1902, the Limits Commission met in School No.18, Trevelin on 30 April of that year.[4] The British arbiter was Sir Thomas Holdich (King's Surveyor General of India) whilst the interested parties were represented by Francisco Pascasio Moreno (Argentina) and Dr. Balmaceda (Chile).[3] The inhabitants of the area (both the indigenous Mapuche Tehuelche and the Welsh colonists) voted to remain in Argentina.[5]

The town, in the Valley of the 16th of October (es) (Welsh: Cwm Hyfryd/Bro Hydref), is near the Percy River (es), which flows south into the Río Grande, crosses the frontier with Chile, and thereafter is known as the Río Futaleufú. The Percy River was named after Percy Wharton, an American who was settled in Cwm Hyfryd between 1885 and 1904 before returning to Los Angeles, USA.[6]

A replica of John Evans' Los Andes Flour Mill can be found today at the Nant Fach Museum, Trevelin, in an area know as Comarca de los Alerces. The decline of the flour milling industry in the area can be dated to 1949 when the government of Juan Perón declared that the Chubut region was not appropriate for the cultivation of wheat, and therefore the land was turned over to the rearing of cattle.[3]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Trevelin (1970–2009)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 37
(99)
38
(100)
35
(95)
27
(81)
22
(72)
18
(64)
20
(68)
21
(70)
25
(77)
29
(84)
33
(91)
36
(97)
38
(100)
Average high °C (°F) 24
(75)
24
(75)
21
(70)
16
(61)
11
(52)
8
(46)
7
(45)
10
(50)
14
(57)
17
(63)
20
(68)
22
(72)
16
(61)
Daily mean °C (°F) 16
(61)
16
(61)
13
(55)
9
(48)
6
(43)
4
(39)
3
(37)
5
(41)
8
(46)
10
(50)
12
(54)
14
(57)
10
(50)
Average low °C (°F) 8
(46)
8
(46)
5
(41)
3
(37)
1
(34)
0
(32)
−1
(30)
0
(32)
1
(34)
3
(37)
5
(41)
7
(45)
3
(37)
Record low °C (°F) −2
(28)
−2
(28)
−4
(25)
−7
(19)
−13
(9)
−13
(9)
−15
(5)
−13
(9)
−9
(16)
−9
(16)
−5
(23)
−3
(27)
−15
(5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 47
(1.85)
35
(1.38)
55
(2.17)
81
(3.19)
156
(6.14)
155
(6.1)
150
(5.91)
121
(4.76)
72
(2.83)
61
(2.4)
54
(2.13)
45
(1.77)
1,032
(40.63)
Avg. relative humidity (%) 64 58 60 65 76 79 77 71 64 61 57 58 66
Source: Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria[7]

References[edit]

  • Municipal information: Municipal Affairs Federal Institute (IFAM), Municipal Affairs Secretariat, Ministry of Interior, Argentina. (Spanish)
  1. ^ a b CulturenetCymru. "John Daniel Evans, 'El Baqueano' (1862-1943)". Glaniad. The National Library of Wales. Retrieved 19 June 2015. 
  2. ^ Trevelin, Patagonia. "Trevelin". PATAGONIA-ARGENTINA.COM. Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires. Retrieved 19 June 2015. 
  3. ^ a b c Trevelin, History and Legends. "Trevin: History of the City and Legends from the Area". InterPatagonia. Retrieved 19 June 2015. 
  4. ^ Ray, Leslie (2007). Language of the Land: The Mapuche in Argentina and Chile. IWGIA. p. 98. ISBN 8791563372. 
  5. ^ 1 1902 Referendum: historical research book
  6. ^ Culturenet Cymru. "Percy Wharton's place, Cwm Hyfryd, Chubut, c. 1890s". Glaniad. The National Library of Wales. Retrieved 19 June 2015. 
  7. ^ "Parámetros Climáticos: Periodo 1970–2009" (in Spanish). Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria. Retrieved June 19, 2015. 

External links[edit]