Trevellas

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Trevellas
From Trevellas Coombe to the Sea - geograph.org.uk - 179073.jpg
From Trevellas Coombe to the Sea
Trevellas is located in Cornwall
Trevellas
Trevellas
Trevellas shown within Cornwall
Unitary authority
Shire county
Ceremonial county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
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UK
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50°19′30″N 5°10′26″W / 50.325°N 5.174°W / 50.325; -5.174Coordinates: 50°19′30″N 5°10′26″W / 50.325°N 5.174°W / 50.325; -5.174

Trevellas is a village in Cornwall, England, United Kingdom, situated midway between St Agnes and Perranporth.

It was first recorded as a place in Cornwall in 1302 and was the site of the Trevelles family manor. Trevellas valley was a mining site for centuries and known as the "Blue Hills" coloured by bluish slate. During World War II the nearby Perranporth airport was used as a Royal Air Force base. Painter John Opie was born in Trevellas.

Geography[edit]

There are many scenic cliff path walks around the area, static caravan sites and walks in Woodland Trust wooded areas.[1] Interesting features along the coast include Trevellas Porth,[2] which is popular with divers and fishermen, but because it is quite rocky it is not recommended for swimming.[3]

The area towards Trevellas Porth is known as "Blue Hills" due to bluish in-ground slate. Trevellas valley has been a site for tin mining for several centuries, and in 1810 the Blue Hills Sett incorporated many of the small mines. Though Blue Hills closed in 1897, tin production has continued in Trevellas to the present and the Blue Hills works can be visited between April and October each year.[4]

History and antiquities[edit]

Antiquities[edit]

A Bronze Age barrow site lies at the end of one of the Trevellas Airfield runways. Excavated in 1940 by Charles Kenneth Croft Andrew, the site is believed to be a tumulus or burial site that had a bucket urn and pottery sherds. It was defined as an "intact ritual deposit", probably from about 2000 BC. There are no sign of its former shape.[5]

History[edit]

Trevellas Manor Farm

Trevellas is first recorded in 1302, and was for several generations the seat of the Trevelles Family.[citation needed] The Trevellas country house was built during the Middle Ages. Sometime between 1540 and 1901 a new house was erected where the country house once stood.[6]

The estate then passed through the families of Kearne, Croker, St. Aubyn, Donnithorne and finally the Chilcots. In Lysons's Magna Britannia it states the following:

The estate was broken up in several sales, the final one being in 1948.[citation needed]

The village had a post office and shop until the 1980s when it was closed and is now divided into two dwellings. The shop was owned by Mrs Menadue and was known as Menadue drapers and store. It was famed for its ginger beer. Until the late 1990s Trevellas also boasted a garage and petrol filling station known as Lewis' Garage. Since 1999 the site has been occupied by a thriving camping and caravanning centre called Aztec Leisure.[7]

Perranporth Airfield[edit]

World War II[edit]

In World War II the nearby Perranporth Airfield was used as a base for the Royal Air Force. It became operational on 28 April 1941. At the height of the war over nineteen spitfire squadrons from Australia, France, Canada, Poland, Czechoslovakia and the U.K were based there.[8]

On 13 September 1943 Supermarine Spitfire Vc EE727 FU-? Of 453 Squadron Royal Australian Air Force returning to Perranporth crashed onto the cottage at Trevellas occupied by a woman and her four-year-old son. The woman was seriously injured and the son was killed.[9] He is buried in St Agnes cemetery. The pilot 414505 Flight Sgt Mervyn Francis Nolan RAAF was also killed.[10]

Post-war[edit]

The land was supposed to be handed back to the local residents at the end of the war but fell into disrepair until the purchase as a private airfield. Despite the area being an SSSI and English Heritage listed site, the current airfield owners continue to develop the site against the wishes of local residents and tourists.[citation needed]

Former Methodist Chapel on Trevellas Downs

Religion[edit]

A Catholic chapel was built in 1882 on Trevellas Downs.[11][12]

Notable people[edit]

John Opie, the painter known as The Cornish Wonder, was born here.[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Trevellas Woods Woodland Trust. Retrieved 6 December 2012.
  2. ^ Trevellas Porth. Explore Britain. Retrieved 23 September 2012.
  3. ^ Beaches at St Agnes. Cornwall Tourism Magazine. 21 September 2012.
  4. ^ Blue Hill Tin website Blue Hills Tin. Retrieved 6 December 2012.
  5. ^ Trevellas Barrow. English Heritage National Monuments. Retrieved 20 September 2012.
  6. ^ Trevellas House. English Heritage National Monuments. Retrieved 21 September 2012.
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-07-26. Retrieved 2012-12-06.  Aztec Leisure. Accessed 6 December 2012.
  8. ^ Perranporth airfield
  9. ^ "Index entry". FreeBMD. ONS. Retrieved 6 December 2012. 
  10. ^ RAF Davidstow Crash Log 1943 Archived 2010-07-21 at the Wayback Machine.
  11. ^ Church History. St Agnes. GENUKI. Retrieved 22 September 2012.
  12. ^ Pevsner, N. (1970) Cornwall; 2nd ed. Penguin; p. 155
  13. ^ Hendra, Viv (2007). The Cornish Wonder, A Portrait of John Opie. Truro: Dyllansow Truran. p. 3. ISBN 978-1-85022-216-3. 

External links[edit]