Trevose Head Lighthouse
Trevose Head Lighthouse
|Year first constructed||1847|
|Tower shape||cylindrical tower with balcony and lantern attached to the keeper's house|
|Markings / pattern||white tower and lantern|
|Height||27 m (89 ft)|
|Focal height||62 m (203 ft)|
|Current lens||1st order 3 panel catadioptric|
|Range||21 nmi (39 km; 24 mi)|
|Characteristic||Fl W 7.5s.|
|Fog signal||2 blasts every 30s.|
|Heritage||Grade II listed building|
Trevose Head Lighthouse is a lighthouse on Trevose Head on the north Cornish coast at grid reference lying to the WSW of Padstow  and was sited here as there was previously no light from Land's End to Lundy and would be visible from Cape Cornwall to Hartland Point.
After completion of the first tower, it was determined that the light was under certain circumstances liable to be mistaken by mariners. A second lower light was therefore proposed and constructed 50 feet in front of the first light, with a covered passage between them for use by the lighthouse keepers. Only the first built 'high' light now remains.
The tower is 27 metres (89 ft) tall, and has a range of 20 nautical miles (37 km; 23 mi), but, on a clear night, you can just spot the light from Pendeen Lighthouse, over 35 miles (56 km) away. These days, the lighthouse is largely used as holiday accommodation.
Designed by engineer James Walker the two original lights, 'high' and 'low', were constructed under the supervision of Henry Norris  by builders Jacob & Thomas Olver of Falmouth  with the Fresnel lens supplied by Henry Lépaute of Paris  and the lamp with 4 concentric wicks & frame manufactured by Messrs. Wilkins & Co. of Long Acre.
The site was surveyed by order of the Trinity Board in July 1844 with a design submitted that November and approved February 1845. Building began in that May with the laying out of the road and contract entered into with the builders the next month. During gales on 20-21 November 1846 scaffolding attached to the tower was blown away.
In 1882 the 'high' light was changed to an occulting light and the 'low' light put out of use. In 1912 the light was again updated and work began on installing a 36 feet long fog horn which came into service in 1913 and was itself replaced by a new horn in 1963. The lighthouse was automated and became unmanned in 1995.
- Trevose Head The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved April 24, 2016
- Trevose Head Lighthouse Trinity House. Retrieved April 24, 2016
- "New Lighthouse on Trevose Head". The Sailors' Magazine. December 1847. p. 284. Retrieved 2008-11-20.
- "The Illustrated London News". 16 October 1847.
- "Royal Cornwall Gazette". 3 November 1843. p. 8.
Trevose Head is the only proper position for such lighthouse, as it is vible from all the coast between Cape Cornwall and Hartland Point
- "Lighthouse management : the report of the Royal Commissioners on Lights, Buoys, and Beacons, 1861, examined and refuted Vol. 2". pp. 92, 93.
- "Royal Cornwall Gazette". 13 June 1845. p. 3.
FALMOUTH EXPRESS...Messrs. Olver, builders, of this town, have taken a contract to build the intended Lighthouse on Trevose Head, near Padstow, which is to be completed in about 11 months.
- "Devizes and Wiltshire Gazette". 26 November 1846. p. 2.
The storm on Friday and Saturday last...much of the scaffolding attached to the Trevose Lighthouse was blown away
- "Woolmer's Exeter and Plymouth Gazette". 11 December 1847. p. 8.
The new light-house so long talked of on Trevose Head has at length been completed...The light was first exhibited on 1st instant.
- "Trinity House - Trevose Head". Retrieved 14 November 2013.
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