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Temporal range: Lower Cenomanian[1]
Trewavasia carinata.JPG
fossil of T. carinata
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclass: Osteichthyes
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Pycnodontiformes
Family: Trewavasiidae[2]
Genus: Trewavasia
Species: T. carinata
Binomial name
Trewavasia carinata

Trewavasia carinata is an extinct pycnodontid that lived during the lower Cenomanian of what is now Lebanon.[1] It had a large, forward-pointing horn-like spine between its eyes, and a massive stump-like spine emanating from the back of its head. T. carinata is closely related to the very similar looking genera Ichthyoceros and Hensodon, as well as Coccodus.

Artist's reconstruction


  1. ^ a b Sepkoski, Jack (2002). "A compendium of fossil marine animal genera". Bulletins of American Paleontology 364: p.560. Retrieved 2009-02-27. 
  2. ^ Nursall, Ralph Mesozoic Fishes – Systematics and Paleoecology, G. Arratia & G. Viohl (eds.), Verlag Dr. Friedrich Pfeil, München, Germany, 1996 – ISBN 3-923871-90-2 "The phylogeny of pycnodont fishes"

See also[edit]